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DEFINITIONS THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IS USED TO EXPRESS UNCERTAINTY AND DOUBT. THE INDICATIVE MOOD IS USED TO EXPRESS WHAT WE KNOW OR BELIEVE TO BE TRUE OR.

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Presentación del tema: "DEFINITIONS THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IS USED TO EXPRESS UNCERTAINTY AND DOUBT. THE INDICATIVE MOOD IS USED TO EXPRESS WHAT WE KNOW OR BELIEVE TO BE TRUE OR."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 DEFINITIONS THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IS USED TO EXPRESS UNCERTAINTY AND DOUBT. THE INDICATIVE MOOD IS USED TO EXPRESS WHAT WE KNOW OR BELIEVE TO BE TRUE OR FACTUAL.

3 INDICATIVE MOOD= THE PRESENT (INDICATIVE) TENSE hablo I speak THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE estoy hablando I am speaking THE PAST PROGRESIVE TENSE estaba hablando I was speaking THE PRETERITE TENSE hablé I spoke THE IMPERFECT TENSE yo hablaba I used to speak THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE he hablado I have spoken THE PAST PERFECT TENSE yo había hablado I had spoken

4 THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD= THE PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE que yo hable that I speak THE PAST SUBJUNCTIVE que yo hablara that I spoke THE PRESENT PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE que yo haya hablado that I have spoken THE PAST PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE que yo hubiera hablado that I had spoken

5 MOOD… NOT TENSE

6 TENSE VS. MOOD TENSE indicates the time of the action. MOOD indicates the attitude of the speaker toward the action

7 INDICATIVO O SUBJUNTIVO Choice of indicative or subjunctive depends on what is expressed in the main clause and a change of subject in the dependent clause.

8 Yo quiero que tú me llames. Es verdad que tú me llamaste. Dependent Clause Main Clause The verb in the main clause is always indicative.

9 FORMING THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IS AS EASY AS …

10 1. YO FORMhablo 2. remove the ohabl- 3. add OPPOSITEhable hablar

11 BUCEAR buceebuceemos buceesbucéeis buceebuceen bucee e

12 SALIR salgasalgamos salgassalgáis salgasalgan salgo ao

13 PERDER pierdaperdamos pierdasperdáis pierdapierdan

14 stem changers If it stem-changes in the present indicative, it will also stem change in the present subjunctive.

15 DORMIR duermadurmamos duermasdurmáis duermaduerman

16 REMEMBER THE SAME THING HAPPENED IN THE PRETERITE IN THE NOSOTROS FORM… DORMÍDORMIMOS DORMISTEDORMISTEIS DURMIÓDURMIERON

17 LLEGAR lleguelleguemos llegueslleguéis lleguelleguen

18 SACAR saquesaquemos saquessaquéis saquesaquen

19 CRUZAR crucecrucemos crucescrucéis crucecrucen

20 ESCOGER escojaescojamos escojasescojáis escojaescojan

21 IRREGULARS???? The verbs whose YO form doesnt end in O DAR SER ESTAR dédemos sea seamos esté estemos desdeis seas seáis estés estéis dé den sea sean esté estén SABERIR sepasepamosvayavayamos sepassepáisvayasvayáis sepasepanvayavayan

22 UWEIRDO U = UNCERTAINTY W = VERBS OF WILL / VOLITION E = VERBS OF EMOTION I = IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS R = RECOMMENDATION, REQUESTS D = VERBS OF DENIAL O = OJALÁ ALWAYS IN THE PRESENT TENSE INDICATIVE

23 U NCERTAINTY DUDAR to doubt NO ES CIERTO Its not true/certain NO ES VERDAD Its not true NO ES SEGURO Its not sure/certain ES DUDOSO Its doubtful Verb of doubt (indicative) + que + subjunctive Es dudoso que mis vecinos vengan. ALWAYS WITH A CHANGE OF SUBJECT

24 VERBS OF W ILL OR VOLITION QUERER (e>ie) to want DESEAR to desire PEDIR (e>i) to ask ESPERAR to hope PREFERIR (e>ie) to prefer ROGAR (o>ue) to beg SUPLICAR to plead INSISTIR EN to insist MANDAR to order NECESITAR to need Verb of will (indicative) + que + subjunctive Mis padres me piden que yo estudie más. ALWAYS WITH A CHANGE OF SUBJECT

25 I MPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS Es bueno queEs malo que Es importante queEs raro que Es terrible queEs posible que Es mejor queEs imposible que Es lógico queEs probable que Es peligroso queEs lástima que Impersonal expression + que + subjunctive Es malo que ese criminal no esté en la cárcel

26 VERBS OF E MOTION ALEGRARSE DEENCANTAR TEMERSORPRENDER TENER MIEDO DEESTAR + ADJ. SENTIR (e>ie) MOLESTAR Verb of emotion (indicative) + que + subjunctive Me alegro de que ustedes hayan venido a mi fiesta.

27 VERBS OF R ECOMENDATION RECOMENDAR (e>ie)to recommend ACONSEJAR to advise SUGERIR (e>ie)to suggest EXIGIR to demand Verb of recommendation (indicative) + que + subjunctive Mi amiga me recomienda que yo continúe con mis estudios.

28 NO CREER QUE NO PENSAR QUE NEGAR QUE VERBS OF D ENIAL Verb of denial (indicative) + que + subjunctive Yo no creo que la respuesta sea correcta.

29 O JALÁ THE SUBJUNCTIVE IS ALWAYS USED AFTER OJALÁ May God grant that…. ¡Ojalá que Uds. tengan un buen fin de semana!


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