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The Present Subjunctive. The Subjunctive So far this year we have used verbs in the indicative mood - which is used to talk about facts or actual events.

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Presentación del tema: "The Present Subjunctive. The Subjunctive So far this year we have used verbs in the indicative mood - which is used to talk about facts or actual events."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 The Present Subjunctive

2 The Subjunctive So far this year we have used verbs in the indicative mood - which is used to talk about facts or actual events.

3 THE INDICATIVE Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

4 The Subjunctive Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.

5 The Subjunctive We use it to say what one person: does or doesnt want tells suggests or recommends someone else to do.

6 The Subjunctive A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. For example:

7 The Subjunctive Quiero que tú hables menos. I want you to talk less.

8 The Subjunctive Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. I suggest that you drink water before running.

9 The Subjunctive El entrenador exige que los atletas levanten las pesas. The trainer demands that the athletes lift weights.

10 The Subjunctive You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.

11 The Subjunctive Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. Its necessary that you do exercise. Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien. Its important that the young people eat well.

12 The Subjunctive Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:

13 Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word que Dependent clause (cant stand on its own) Begins with the word que. Indicative Verb Subjunctive Verb

14 The Subjunctive The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, & so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).

15 The Subjunctive We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.

16 The Subjunctive We drop the -o of the present- tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.

17 The Subjunctive For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en For -er/-ir verbs: a, as, a, amos, áis, an

18 SALTAR – to jump salte saltes salte saltemos saltéis salten

19 CONOCER – TO KNOW conozca conozcas conozca conozcamos conozcáis conozcan

20 DECIR – TO SAY/TELL diga digas diga digamos digáis digan

21 The Subjunctive The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.

22 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add a g to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a g in the present subjunctive.

23 IRREGULAR SUBJUNCTIVE VERBS THAT HAVE A G caerse decir hacer poner salir tener traer

24 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs hacer hag-ohaga tener teng-otenga

25 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs Also verbs ending in –car, - gar, and –zar have a spell change in order to maintain the original sound.

26 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs buscar buscobusque pagarpagopague cruzarcruzocruce

27 STEM CHANGING VERBS Pensar Contar Querer Volver Jugar Sentir Dormir Pedir Piense/pensemos Cuente/contemos Quiera/queramos Vuelva/volvamos Juegue/juguemos Sienta/sintamos Duerma/durmamo s Pida/pidamos


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