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The Present Subjunctive

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Presentación del tema: "The Present Subjunctive"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 The Present Subjunctive

2 So far this year we have used verbs in the indicative mood - which is used to talk about facts or actual events. The Subjunctive

3 Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

4 The Subjunctive Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.

5 The Subjunctive does or doesn’t want tells suggests
We use it to say what one person: does or doesn’t want tells suggests or recommends someone else to do. The Subjunctive

6 A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que.
For example: The Subjunctive

7 Quiero que tú hables menos.
I want you to talk less. The Subjunctive

8 The Subjunctive Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr.
I suggest that you drink water before running.

9 El entrenador exige que los atletas levanten las pesas.
The trainer demands that the athletes lift weights. The Subjunctive

10 You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive. The Subjunctive

11 The Subjunctive Es necesario que hagas ejercicio.
It’s necessary that you do exercise. Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien. It’s important that the young people eat well. The Subjunctive

12 Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que: The Subjunctive

13 Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés
Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word “que” Dependent clause (can’t stand on its own) Begins with the word “que.” Indicative Verb Subjunctive Verb

14 The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, & so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen). The Subjunctive

15 We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.
The Subjunctive

16 We drop the -o of the present- tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.

17 The Subjunctive For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en
For -er/-ir verbs: a, as, a, amos, áis, an The Subjunctive

18 SALTAR – to jump salte saltes saltemos saltéis salten

19 CONOCER – TO KNOW conozca conozcas conozcamos conozcáis conozcan

20 diga digas digamos digáis digan DECIR – TO SAY/TELL

21 The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands. The Subjunctive

22 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add a “g” to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a “g” in the present subjunctive.

caerse decir hacer poner salir tener traer

24 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
hacer hag-o haga tener teng-o tenga

25 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
Also verbs ending in –car, - gar, and –zar have a spell change in order to maintain the original sound.

26 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
buscar busco busque pagar pago pague cruzar cruzo cruce

27 STEM CHANGING VERBS Pensar Contar Querer Volver Jugar
Sentir Dormir Pedir Piense/pensemos Cuente/contemos Quiera/queramos Vuelva/volvamos Juegue/juguemos Sienta/sintamos Duerma/durmamo s Pida/pidamos STEM CHANGING VERBS

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