4The SubjunctiveSpanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.
5The Subjunctive does or doesn’t want tells suggests We use it to say what one person:does or doesn’t wanttellssuggestsor recommends someone else to do.The Subjunctive
6A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. For example:The Subjunctive
7Quiero que tú hables menos. I want you to talk less.The Subjunctive
8The Subjunctive Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. I suggest that you drink water before running.
9El entrenador exige que los atletas levanten las pesas. The trainer demands that the athletes lift weights.The Subjunctive
10You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.The Subjunctive
11The Subjunctive Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. It’s necessary that you do exercise.Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien.It’s important that the young people eat well.The Subjunctive
12Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:The Subjunctive
13Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > VerbSeparated by the word “que”Dependent clause (can’t stand on its own) Begins with the word “que.”Indicative VerbSubjunctive Verb
14The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, & so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).The Subjunctive
15We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands. The Subjunctive
16We drop the -o of the present- tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.
17The Subjunctive For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en For -er/-ir verbs:a, as, a, amos, áis, anThe Subjunctive
18SALTAR – to jumpsalte saltessaltemos saltéis salten
19CONOCER – TO KNOWconozca conozcasconozcamos conozcáis conozcan
20diga digasdigamos digáis diganDECIR – TO SAY/TELL
21The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.The Subjunctive
22Irregular Subjunctive Verbs As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add a “g” to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a “g” in the present subjunctive.
23IRREGULAR SUBJUNCTIVE VERBS THAT HAVE A G caersedecirhacerponersalirtenertraer