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Trigger Phrases. Trigger Pharses inform you that what is being expressed is an opinion, wish or desire. Desear que Exigir que Insistir en que Mandar que.

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Presentación del tema: "Trigger Phrases. Trigger Pharses inform you that what is being expressed is an opinion, wish or desire. Desear que Exigir que Insistir en que Mandar que."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Trigger Phrases

2 Trigger Pharses inform you that what is being expressed is an opinion, wish or desire. Desear que Exigir que Insistir en que Mandar que Preferir que Recomendar que Suplicar que Decir que Pedir que Prohibir que Rogar que Dejar que Esperar que Querer que Sugerir que These verbs/expressions are followed by the subjunctive.

3 Just as the subjunctive is required with expressions of emotion, influence, and will, it is also used with expressions of doubt, disbelief, and denial. Main clauseSubordinate clause Dudan que su hijo les diga la verdad. The subjunctive is always used in a subordinate clause when there is a change of subject and the expression in the main clause implies negation or uncertainty.

4 Expressions of doubt, disbelief, or denial dudarto doubtno es verdadits not true negar (e:ie)to denyes imposibleits impossible no creernot to believe es improbable its improbable no estar seguro/a (de) not to be sure (no) es posible its (not) possible no es ciertoits not true; its not certain (no) es probable its (not) probable no es seguro its not certain

5 For example: El gobierno niega que el agua esté contaminada. The government denies that the water is contaminated. Es probable que haya menos bosques y selvas en el futuro. Its probable that there will be fewer forests and jungles in the future. Dudo que el gobierno resuelva el problema. I doubt that the government will solve the problem. No es verdad que mi hermano estudie ecología. Its not true that my brother studies ecology.

6 The indicative is used in a subordinate clause when there is no doubt or uncertainty in the main clause. Here is a list of some expressions of certainty. no dudar not to doubt estar seguro/a (de) to be sure (of) no cabe duda de there is no doubt es cierto its true no hay duda theres no doubt es seguro its sure no negar (e:ie) not to deny es verdad its true creer to believe es obvio its obvious

7 For example: No negamos que hay demasiados carros en las carreteras. We dont deny that there are too many cars on the highways. No hay duda de que el Amazonas es uno de los ríos más largos. There is no doubt that the Amazon is one of the longest rivers. Es verdad que Colombia es un país bonito. Its true that Colombia is a beautiful country. Es obvio que los tigres están en peligro de extinción. Its obvious that tigers are in danger of extinction

8 In affirmative sentences, the verb creer expresses belief or certainty, so it is followed by the indicative. In negative sentences, however, when doubt is implied, creer is followed by the subjunctive. No creo que haya vida en el planeta Marte. I dont believe that there is life on the planet Mars. Creo que debemos usar exclusivamente la energía solar. I believe we should use solar energy exclusively.

9 The expressions quizás and tal vez are usually followed by the subjunctive because they imply doubt about something. Quizás haga sol mañana. Perhaps it will be sunny tomorrow. Tal vez veamos la luna esta noche. Perhaps we will see the moon tonight.

10 ¡INTÉNTALO! Completa estas frases con la forma correcta del verbo. 1. Dudo que ellos ____ (trabajar). 2. Es cierto que él ____ (comer) mucho. 3. Es imposible que ellos ____ (salir). 4. Es probable que ustedes ____ (ganar). 5. No creo que ella ____ (volver). 6. Es posible que nosotros ____ (ir). 7. Dudamos que tú ____ (reciclar). 8. Creo que ellos ____ (jugar) al fútbol.


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