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EL SUBJUNTIVO USING THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IN SPANISH.

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Presentación del tema: "EL SUBJUNTIVO USING THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IN SPANISH."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 EL SUBJUNTIVO USING THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IN SPANISH

2 WHAT DIFFERENCES DO YOU SEE IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES? Its raining outside.I hope that its raining outside. We will have a lot of homework.I dont want us to have a lot of homework. She eats healthy food.Its good that she eats healthy food. Im certain that he is coming.I doubt that he is coming.

3 THE SUBJUNCTIVE… Is a mood, not a tense. *A tense deals with when something happens (past, present). Example: Were going to the beach tomorrow. *A mood expresses how a speaker feels about something. Example: I am happy that we are going to the beach tomorrow.

4 THE INDICATIVE MOOD Up until now, weve been using the indicative mood, which states factual information. The indicative requires certainty on the part of the speaker. Examples: We are going to the beach tomorrow. Vamos a la playa mañana. I think that its going to rain. Creo que va a llover.

5 The Indicative: Certainty/Objectivity Examples: Yo creo que vamos a ganar. Es cierto que no tenemos tarea. The Subjunctive: Uncertainty/Subjectivity Examples: Dudo que vayamos a ganar. Es posible que no tengamos tarea. SUMMARY:

6 Mr. Factual (Indicative) Knows the facts Deals in reality Is sure and certain Mr. Dreamer (Subjunctive) Talks about feelings and the hypothetical Out of touch with reality Doubts and is uncertain THE INDICATIVE AND SUBJUNCTIVE ARE REPRESENTED BY 2 TYPES OF GUYS:

7 WHO WOULD SAY THE FOLLOWING? MR. FACTUAL OR MR. DREAMER ? 1.I hope that it rains tomorrow. 2.She is coming with us. 3.I want her to come with us. 4.Its possible that she calls today. 5.Im sure that shes calling today. 6.He might be here already. 7.He already arrived. 8.Its terrible that you arent coming. 9.I wish you would come. 10. I have to work at 8:00.

8 IN ORDER TO USE THE SUBJUNCTIVE… 1.There must be 2 clauses in a sentence separated by the word que (that). ( A clause = a group of words with a subject and a conjugated verb) 2. There must be a subject change between clauses. 3. The main clause must be an expression of will (hope, want, wish), doubt or denial, emotion, or an impersonal expression (its possible, its necessary). Main Clause Connector Subordinate Clause I doubt that the movie is good. He hopes that she doesnt arrive late. Its good that we dont have homework. We dont believe that they have the money.

9 WHEN THERE IS NO SUBJECT CHANGE… An infinitive is often used. Examples: I want to go with you. Quiero ir contigo. It necessary to study every night. Es necesario estudiar cada noche. Its good to exercise. Es bueno hacer ejercicio.

10 WOULD THE HIGH-LIGHTED VERB BE IN THE SUBJUNCTIVE OR THE INDICATIVE MOOD? 1.We hope that you have a good time. 2.I think that this is difficult. 3.I wish that we didnt have to leave. 4.I want to eat chocolate. 5.I hope that I have a good time. 6.Its possible that it is snowing outside. 7.They doubt that we will win. 8.She believes that it is important. 9.We think that the book is good. 10. Its terrible that she is sick.

11 THE THREE STEPS TO FORMING THE SUBJUNCTIVE: 1.Put the verb in the yo form of the present tense. Ex: poner – pongo 2. Drop the o Ex: pong 3. Add the opposite ending (-ar verbs get –er endings, -er/ir verbs get –ar endings) Ex: yo ponga * the yo form is the same as the 3 rd person form tú pongas ud. ponga nosotros pongamos vosotros pongáis ellos pongan

12 PUT THE FOLLOWING VERBS IN THE SUBJUNCTIVE FORMS. InfinitiveYoTúUd, él, ellaNosotros/ as Uds, ellos/as hablar escribir tener venir entender

13 PUT THE FOLLOWING VERBS IN THEIR SUBJUNCTIVE FORMS. InfinitiveYoTúUd, él, ellaNosotros/ as Uds, ellos/as hablarhablehableshablehablemoshablen escribirescribaescribasescriba escribamos escriban tenertengatengastengatengamostengan venirvengavengasvengavengamosvengan entenderentiendaentiendasentienda entendamos entiendan

14 VERBS THAT ARE IRREGULAR IN THE PRESENT TENSE YO FORM ARE IRREGULAR IN THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD. VerbSubjunctive Form dardé estaresté haberhaya sabersepa sersea irvaya

15 VERBS WITH SPELLING CHANGES: Verbs ending in –car the c changes to qu Ex: yo sace – yo saque, tú saques, etc Verbs ending in –gar the g becomes guEx: yo juege – yo juegue, tú juegues, etc Verbs ending in –zar the z changes to cEx: yo empieze – yo empiece, etc

16 OTHER SPELLING CHANGES: Verbs ending in –ger and –gir the g changes to j before an a Examples: escoger - yo escojaelegir - yo elija tú escojastú elijas ella escojaél elija nosotros escojamosnosotros elijamos ellos escojanellas elijan

17 OTHER SPELLING CHANGES: Verbs ending in –guir the gu changes to g before an a Example: seguir - yo siga tú sigas ella siga nosotros sigamos ellos sigan

18 W ishes, hopes, desires E motion I mpersonal Expressions R equests D oubt, Denial O jalá WHEN DO YOU USE THE SUBJUNCTIVE? If the verb in the main clause is a WEIRDO verb, the verb in the subordinate clause will be in the subjunctive if there is a subject change.

19 Using the subjunctive with expressions of hope and desire WISHES

20 Mr. FactualMr. Dreamer EXPRESSIONS OF WISHES, HOPE, DESIRE El subjuntivo es divertido. Espero que sea divertido estudiar el subjuntivo.

21 TO EXPRESS WHAT YOU WANT, HOPE, OR WISH TO HAPPEN, USE THE FOLLOWING EXPRESSIONS. Desear que Esperar que Querer que Ojalá (que)

22 EXAMPLES: Quiero que me llames después de clase. I want you to call me after class. Esperamos que sirvan pizza hoy. We hope that they serve pizza today. Ellos desean que ella venga temprano. They want her to come early.

23 COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES WITH A VERB IN THE SUBJUNCTIVE. Deseo que mi madre/padre ___________________________. Quiero que mis amigos _______________________________. Espero que tú _______________________________________.

24 USING THE SUBJUNCTIVE WITH EXPRESSIONS OF EMOTION

25 Mr. FactualMr. Dreamer EXPRESSIONS OF EMOTION Estudiamos el subjuntivo más. Estoy contento que estudiemos el subjuntivo más.

26 COMMON EXPRESSIONS OF EMOTION *THERE ARE MANY OF THESE! Estar contento/a que Alegrarse de que Sentir que Encantar que Gustar que Enojarse que Es una lástima que Es una pena que Temer que Sorprenderse de que Tener miedo de

27 IN SPANISH, YOU MUST USE THE SUBJUNCTIVE AFTER AN EXPRESSION OF EMOTION, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER OR NOT THE INFORMATION IS TRUE. Examples: Estoy contenta que mi amiga llegue hoy. Es malo que muchos estudiantes no comprendan la información. Es triste que estés enfermo.

28 COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES WITH A VERB IN THE SUBJUNCTIVE. Me alegro de que ___________________________. Es una lástima que __________________________. Me encanta que ____________________________.

29 USING THE SUBJUNCTIVE WITH IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS

30 Mr. FactualMr. Dreamer IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS Aprendemos usar el subjuntivo. Es importante que aprendamos usar el subjuntivo.

31 TO PRESENT AN OPINION, THE SUBJUNCTIVE IS OFTEN USED WITH THE FOLLOWING IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS. (No) es bueno que… (No) es malo que … (No) es importante que… (No) es posible que … (No) es imposible que… (No) es raro que … (No) es necesario que … (No) es probable que …

32 EXAMPLES: Es importante que vengamos a tiempo. Es posible que tengamos tarea esta noche. Es raro que ellos no escuchen.

33 REMEMBER: SOME IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS DEMONSTRATE CERTAINTY AND ARE USED WITH THE INDICATIVE. Es evidente que… Es obvio que … Es verdad que … Es cierto que… No es dudoso que … Examples: Es evidente que ella dice la verdad. Es cierto que él es muy inteligente.

34 USING THE SUBJUNCTIVE TO MAKE REQUESTS (VERBS OF INFLUENCE)

35 Mr. FactualMr. Dreamer VERBS OF INFLUENCE Debes estudiar español todos los días. Recomiendo que estudies español todos los días.

36 THE FOLLOWING VERBS ARE USED TO INFLUENCE THE ACTIONS OF OTHERS. Verbs of Influence: Aconsejar que Dejar que Exigir que Insistir (en) que Mandar que Pedir (e:i) que Prohibir que Recomendar (e:ie) que Sugerir (e:ie) que

37 * The subjunctive is often used to make requests instead of using commands. It has a softer and sometimes more polite effect. Examples: Estudie más. Study more. Recomiendo que estudies más. I recommend that you study more. Quiero que estudies más. I want you to study more.

38 IMAGINE THAT A DOCTOR IS MAKING THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS. COMPLETE THEM WITH THE VERB IN THE SUBJUNCTIVE. Doctor:Recomiendo que tú ________________ (dormir) mucho y que _______________ (quedarse) en cama por dos días. Doctor:Sugiero que tú ________________ (hacer) una consulta en una semana. Doctor:Mando que tú no ________________ (caminar) en el pie por tres semanas.

39 IMAGINE THAT A DOCTOR IS MAKING THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS. COMPLETE THEM WITH THE VERB IN THE SUBJUNCTIVE. Doctor:Recomiendo que tú duermas (dormir) mucho y que te quedes (quedarse) en cama por dos días. Doctor:Sugiero que tú hagas (hacer) una consulta en una semana. Doctor:Mando que tú no camines (caminar) en el pie por tres semanas.

40 USING THE SUBJUNCTIVE WITH EXPRESSIONS OF DOUBT AND DENIAL

41 Mr. FactualMr. Dreamer VERBS OF DOUBT AND DENIAL Creo que va a llover hoy. Dudo que vaya a llover hoy.

42 EXPRESSIONS OF DOUBT AND DENIAL Dudar que Es dudoso que Es imposible que Es improbable que No es cierto que No es verdad que No estar seguro/a de que Negar (e:ie) que

43 EXAMPLES: Dudo que él gane la elección. Es dudoso que yo saque una buena nota en el examen. Es improbable que ellos estén listos ahora.

44 COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES: Dudo que mi amgio _________________________. No es verdad que ___________________________. Es improbable que __________________________.

45 USANDO LA FRASE: OJALÁ

46 OJALÁ *Cannot be conjugated *Is a word of Arabic origin that can be roughly translated as: If Allah wants it or God willing *Means the same thing as hopefully or I hope but has a little stronger meaning than the verb esperar. *Can be used with or without the word que. *The verb after ojalá should be in the subjunctive. Examples:¡Ojalá que llueva! I hope it rains! ¡Ojalá ella lo haga! I hope she does it!


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