2 What is the preterite? A past tense in Spanish A tense with many irregular verbsUsed to express an action that began and ended at a specific time in the past
3 Key terms for the preterite tense Ayer =yesterdayAnteayer =the day before yesterdayAnoche =last nightLa semana pasada =last week
4 More key terms El mes pasado = last month El año pasado = last year Ayer por la mañana
5 Regular –AR Verbs in the Preterite To conjugate:Drop the –arAdd on the appropriate endings
6 Hablar = spoke; talked yo hablé Nosotros hablamos Tú hablaste él, Ella, hablóUd.ellos,ellas, hablaronUds.
7 Which ending is the same in the present tense? Nosotros
8 How will you tell the difference between the present and the preterite for the nosotros form? Context
9 Be careful!Yo and él, ella, Ud forms have ACCENTS!!!
10 Interesting note…The “yo” form in the present tense takes an “o” as its’ ending without an accent mark and the él, ella Ud form ending for the preterite tense is “ó” (o with an accent).Therefore, be careful, because the accent mark changes the meaning of the sentence.
11 Examples: Present Tense Hablo por teléfono. I speak on the telephone. Preterite TenseHabló por teléfono.He/ She/ You (formal) spoke on the telephone.
12 Two verbs with the same conjugations you say??? Which two?SerIr
13 Isn’t there anything different between the two verbs? No!
14 When how will I know which is which? So glad you wanted to know…ContextRead the sentence for cluesTranslate and substitute each verb meaning in and see which one makes sense
15 So, what are the preterit conjugations of ser AND ir? yo fui nosotros fuimostú fuisteél, ella, Ud. fue ellos, ellas, Uds. fueron
16 What about regular –er and –ir verbs? So glad you askedThey are so cool!They have the exact same endings!!!Yes!Yes!Yes!
17 What about the nosotros form? -ER and -IR preterite endings are the same even for the nosotros formnosotrosnosotrosnosotrosnosotrosnosotrosnosotros
18 Do any of the forms have accents?? Yes!Yes!Yes!
19 What are the endings!! Yo -í Nosotros -imos Tú -iste él, ella, Ud -ió Ellos, ellas, Uds.-ieron
20 So let’s conjugate vivir and comer in the preterite