2What is the preterite? A past tense in Spanish A tense with many irregular verbsUsed to express an action that began and ended at a specific time in the past
3Key terms for the preterite tense Ayer =yesterdayAnteayer =the day before yesterdayAnoche =last nightLa semana pasada =last week
4More key terms El mes pasado = last month El año pasado = last year Ayer por la mañana
5Regular –AR Verbs in the Preterite To conjugate:Drop the –arAdd on the appropriate endings
6Hablar = spoke; talked yo hablé Nosotros hablamos Tú hablaste él, Ella, hablóUd.ellos,ellas, hablaronUds.
7Which ending is the same in the present tense? Nosotros
8How will you tell the difference between the present and the preterite for the nosotros form? Context
9Be careful!Yo and él, ella, Ud forms have ACCENTS!!!
10Interesting note…The “yo” form in the present tense takes an “o” as its’ ending without an accent mark and the él, ella Ud form ending for the preterite tense is “ó” (o with an accent).Therefore, be careful, because the accent mark changes the meaning of the sentence.
11Examples: Present Tense Hablo por teléfono. I speak on the telephone. Preterite TenseHabló por teléfono.He/ She/ You (formal) spoke on the telephone.
12Two verbs with the same conjugations you say??? Which two?SerIr
13Isn’t there anything different between the two verbs? No!
14When how will I know which is which? So glad you wanted to know…ContextRead the sentence for cluesTranslate and substitute each verb meaning in and see which one makes sense
15So, what are the preterit conjugations of ser AND ir? yo fui nosotros fuimostú fuisteél, ella, Ud. fue ellos, ellas, Uds. fueron
16What about regular –er and –ir verbs? So glad you askedThey are so cool!They have the exact same endings!!!Yes!Yes!Yes!
17What about the nosotros form? -ER and -IR preterite endings are the same even for the nosotros formnosotrosnosotrosnosotrosnosotrosnosotrosnosotros