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Apuntes - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo The imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the present subjunctive, but.

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Presentación del tema: "Apuntes - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo The imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the present subjunctive, but."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Apuntes - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo The imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the present subjunctive, but in the past. You form the imperfect subjunctive by taking the ellos/ellas/ustedes form of the preterit, removing the -ron and adding the following endings: Yo –raNosotros -ramos Tú –rasVosotros-rais Él –raEllos -ran

2 Ejemplos: hablar hablaron Yo hablaraNosotros habláramos Tú hablarasVosotros hablarais Él hablaraEllos hablaran servir sirvieron Yo sirvieraNosotros sirviéramos Tú sirvierasVosotros sirvierais Él sirvieraEllos sirvieran

3 Práctica: llevar llevaron Imperfect subjunctive: yo llevara decir dijeron Imperfect subjunctive: yo dijera educar educaron Imperfect subjunctive: yo educara

4 The imperfect subjunctive is used to express subjectivity in the past after the same verbs, impersonal expressions, and conjunctions as the present subjunctive. For the imperfect subjunctive to be needed, the verb in the independent clause has to be in one of the following tenses/moods: preterit, imperfect, conditional, or pluperfect (past perfect).

5 Ejemplos: Quería que lo hicieras. I wanted you to do it. imperfect imperfect subjunctive Fue una lástima que no pudiera ir. It was a shame that he couldn't go. preterit imperfect subjunctive Yo iría al banco para que tuviéramos dinero. conditional imperfect subjunctive I would go to the bank so that we'd have money.

6 Mi tía les recomendó que leyeran el libro. preterit imperfect subjunctive My aunt recommended that they read the book. Yo les habia dicho que no dejaran la basura allí. past perfect imperfect subjunctive I had told them not to leave the trash there.

7 Práctica: 1.Yo les recomendé que ustedes ______________ (estudiar) para el examen. 2.Les rogué a mis hermanas que ______________ (limpiar) la casa. 3.Mi mamá quería que ______________ (felicitar) a la graduanda. 4.Los invitados no querían que la fiesta ______________ (acabarse). 5.Mi padre quería que yo ______________ (ser) médico. hablaran limpiran felicitara se acabara fuera

8 Tenses of the subjunctive Independent Clause (Indicative) Dependent Clause (Subjunctive) Present Present Perfect Future Present Present Perfect (if action has taken place) Preterit Imperfect Conditional Past Perfect Imperfect


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