Presentación del tema: "El Presente Progresivo. Remember how you learned that to say I am talking you would write the same thing as I talk or I do talk in Spanish? Yo hablo."— Transcripción de la presentación:
Remember how you learned that to say I am talking you would write the same thing as I talk or I do talk in Spanish? Yo hablo. Yo hablo. If something is happening RIGHT at the MOMENT, you can use the present progressive to show that the action is current.
In ENGLISH, we call this the gerund or the -ING ending of a word. I am playing. You are reading. (these actions are happening now)
In SPANISH: Heres how… You start with the form of estar that fits the that fits the person you are talking about. YoNosotros TúX él, ella, usted Ellos, ellas, ustedes Yo estoy Nosotrosestamos Tú estás X él, ella, usted está Ellos, ellas, ustedes están
Heres how Then, after you have the correct form of estar, you make the –ING (gerund) of the verb (action word). (This is called the present participle… In case you want to know)
Present Participle aka the –ING part of -AR verbs 1. Take the infinitive, 2. drop the –AR, 3. add –ANDO. Lets try HABLAR: Yo estoy hablando Nosotros estamos hablando Tu estás hablando x Ella está hablando Ellos están hablando
Try these! (En su paquete) Esperar = _________________________________ Ayudar = ________________________________ Trabajar = ______________________________ Bailar = ________________________________
Present Participle aka the –ING part of –ER and -IR verbs -Er and –IR verbs get the same endings. YAY. Drop the –ER, add -IENDO. Drop the –IR, add –IENDO. Lets try COMER: Estoy comiendo Estamos comiendo Estás comiendo x Está comiendo Están comiendo
All of you are waiting = _________________________________ The students are studying = _______________________________________ Are you working? = ______________________________ We are dancing = ________________________________ I am understanding = ____________________________ They are living = _______________________________
Irregulars When the stem of an –er or –ir verb ends in a vowel, change the iendo to a yendo. Leer Leyendo Oír Oyendo Creer Creyendo Are you reading now? ____________________________________ They are hearing the dog. ___________________________________ The students are not believing the news. ____________________________________ _______
Pedir, Servir, and Dormir stem-change in the present progressive: Pedir = pidiendo Servir =___sirviendo_____ Dormir = ______durmiendo______________ (Reír and Sonreír also change a bit: Riendo = laughing ______sonriendo________ = smiling)
For all of the –ANDO and –IENDO words, you never have to pluralize or change them for the subject. You never make them feminine or masculine. You never make them feminine or masculine.YAY. Ella está trabajando, él está trabajando, ellos están trabajando.
The progressive can also be used in the past to say what people were doing. To form the past progressive, take the imperfect tense of estar and add the same progressive endings.
1. 1. Isabel was writing an article ___Isabel estaba escribiendo un artículo___ 2. 2. Susana and I were reading the newspaper ____Susana y yo estábamos leyendo el periódico___ 3. 3. Were you working late last night? ____¿Estabas trabajando tarde anoche?____ 4. 4. My cousin was helping her great- grandmother._________________________ ___________________________________
5. Were the students starting the homework in class? __________________________________ 6. The earth (la tierra) was shaking(temblar) ___________________________________ __________________________________ 7. We did not know what was happening. ___________________________________ ____
8. The reporters were taking pictures. ___________________________________ 9. The men were rescuing people and animals. ___________________________________ _____________________________ 10. The victims were asking for help. ___________________________________ _____________________________