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-ER & -IR Verbs As we saw in the previous presentation, there are three conjugations of verbs in Spanish: –AR, –ER, and –IR. -ER and –IR verbs are often.

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Presentación del tema: "-ER & -IR Verbs As we saw in the previous presentation, there are three conjugations of verbs in Spanish: –AR, –ER, and –IR. -ER and –IR verbs are often."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 -ER & -IR Verbs As we saw in the previous presentation, there are three conjugations of verbs in Spanish: –AR, –ER, and –IR. -ER and –IR verbs are often studied together because all of their endings (except one) are identical.

3 BEBER Lets look at an example, the verb BEBER, which means to drink. It ends in –ER, so it is included in this class.

4 BEBER The verb can be split into two parts: The base: BEB- The infinitive ending: -ER

5 BEBER Now lets say I drink. Start with the base: BEB- When you talk about yourself, add –O, just as you did for the –AR verbs.

6 BEBER yo bebo Are you surprised?

7 BEBER Now lets talk about you. When the subject is tú, you add –ES (remember that its an –ER verb).

8 BEBER t ú bebes

9 BEBER Lets guess endings for the other persons: él, ella, Ud., nosotros, ellos, ellas, Uds.

10 BEBER él bebe ella bebe Ud. bebe nosotros bebemos ellos beben ellas beben Uds. beben

11 -ER endings The endings for regular -ER verbs are the same as for –AR verbs, except that the vowel is –E- instead of –A-! yo -o tú -es él, ella, Ud. -e nosotros -emos ellos -en ustedes –en

12 What about the –IR Verbs? Well, take a look for yourself. Can you find the one difference? bebervivir bebovivo bebesvives bebevive bebemosvivimos bebenviven

13 Thats right! The endings are identical except for the nosotros form: beber: bebemos vivir: vivimos

14 Lets Practice > ESCRIBIR Yo _______ muchas cartas, pero mi hermana no _______ cartas.

15 Escribir Yo escribo muchas cartas, pero mi hermana no escribe cartas.

16 RECIBIR, DEBER Cuando yo _______ (recibir) una carta, _______ (deber) leerla [read it].

17 RECIBIR, DEBER Cuando yo recibo una carta, debo leerla. N.B. There was no change in subject, so yo was understood to be the subject for both verbs. It was not necessary to repeat yo.

18 LEER, COMPRENDER Miguel ______ (leer) filosofía pero no la ________ (comprender) muy bien.

19 LEER, COMPRENDER Miguel lee filosofia pero no la comprende muy bien. Dont forget that the base of leer is le-, so there is a double –e on the él form.

20 VIVIR, CORRER Nosotros _____ (vivir) cerca de [near] un parque y ______ (correr) allí [there] por la mañana.

21 VIVIR, CORRER N osotros vivimos cerca de un parque y corremos allí por la mañana.

22 Regular Present Tense T o summarize, here are the endings for the three verb conjugations: - AR -ER -IR - o -o -o - as -es -es - a -e -e - amos –emos –imos - an -en -en

23 Now lets look at verbs that dont fit these neat patterns! Start the presentation entitled Tener (#5).


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