Presentación del tema: "Resbalones, tropezones y caídas"— Transcripción de la presentación:
1 Resbalones, tropezones y caídas Slide Show NotesThis training session discusses how to avoid slips, trips, and falls in the workplace. This includes avoiding hazards on walking and working surfaces and work platforms, as well as how to avoid accidents on ladders and stairs.The session is important for two main reasons:First, slips, trips, and falls are a common kind of workplace accident that can often be prevented.Second, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA, requires us to provide a workplace that is free of recognized hazards, including hazards that lead to slips, trips, and falls.
2 Objetivos de la sesión Usted podrá: Identificar los riesgos de sufrir resbalones, tropezones y caídas en el trabajoComprender las características y especificaciones de seguridad de las superficies de paso y las aberturasUtilizar los peldaños y las escaleras de mano en forma segura para evitar caídasEvitar y eliminar los riesgos de sufrir resbalones y tropezonesSlide Show NotesHere are the main objectives of this training session. By the end of the session, you will be able to:Identify slip, trip, and fall hazards at work;Understand safety specifications and the safety features of walking surfaces and openings;Use stairs and ladders safely to avoid falls; andAvoid and eliminate slip and trip hazards.
3 Estadísticas de lesiones Las lesiones sin consecuencias fatales que se producen cada año causadas por resbalones, tropezones y caídas dan como resultado uno o más días de inasistencia al trabajo por cada incidenteLos resbalones, tropezones y caídas causan el 17% de todas las lesiones no fatales en el lugar de trabajo cada año; ésta es la tasa de lesiones más alta de cualquier actividad reguladaSlide Show NotesInjury statistics show just how common slip, trip, and fall accidents are.According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, there are about 265,000 nonfatal injuries from slips, trips, and falls in the U.S. each year that result in one or more days away from work.Slips, trips, and falls represent about 17 percent of all nonfatal workplace injuries each year, the highest rate of injury of any single activity regulated by OSHA.
4 Riesgos de resbalones, tropezones y caídas Cables eléctricos, sogas y mangueras en el piso y en los pasajes peatonalesPisos y plataformas de lados abiertosDesorden en los pasajes peatonalesHuecos y aberturas en pisos y paredesHoyos, tanques, tinas y zanjas abiertosPisos mojadosSlide Show NotesSlip, trip, and fall hazards include the following, among other things:Power cords, ropes, and hoses on floors and walkways are a common tripping hazard;Open-sided floors and platforms are fall hazards;Clutter in floors, aisles, and other walkways are also common tripping hazards;Floor and wall holes and openings are both trip and fall hazards;Open pits, tanks, vats, and ditches, are fall hazards; andWet floors frequently cause slips and falls.You can probably think of specific areas and situations in your workplace that create slip, trip, and fall hazards.Modify this slide to describe slip, trip, or fall hazards at your facility.Ask trainees to describe their own experiences with slip, trip, and fall hazards, and to identify specific hazards that they are aware of.
5 Pisos y plataformas de lados abiertos Todos los pisos y las plataformas que estén a más de 4 pies del suelo deben estar custodiadosSe exige un vallado convencionalLos tablones de pie protegen a los trabajadores que están abajoLos tablones de pie también protegen a la maquinaria que está abajoSlide Show NotesNow let’s discuss how to reduce or eliminate specific hazards.Open-sided floors and platforms have certain requirements meant to prevent tripping and falling.All open-sided floors or platforms that are 4 feet or more above the floor or ground level must be guarded to prevent workers from falling to the lower level.Standard guard rails, or equivalent fall protection, are required for all open sides, except for entrances to a ramp, stairway, or fixed ladder.Toeboards are required to protect employees below from falling objects that could slide off an open work platform.Similarly, toeboards will also protect machinery or equipment that could be damaged by objects falling from an aboveground walkway or work platform.Modify, add, or delete subsequent slides to describe specific slip, trip, and fall hazards at your facility.Image credit: OSHA
6 Protección de huecos y aberturas Hueco: mide de 1 a 12 pulgadas de diámetroAbertura: más de 12 pulgadas de diámetroProteja con barandillas convencionalesCubra el hueco o la aberturaCuide el hueco o protéjalo con un tablón de pieSlide Show NotesGuarding holes and openings in floors and other surfaces are an important way to prevent falling.A floor hole is considered to be any opening between 1 and 12 inches wide. This can include a belt hole, pipe opening, or slot opening. Although a person could not fall through a hole this small, he or she could step into it and be injured, or objects could fall through the hole.A floor opening is considered to be more than 12 inches wide in a floor, platform, pavement, or any other walking or working surface. It is large enough for a person to fall through. Examples include hatchways, pits, and manholes.Floor holes and floor openings should always be guarded with a standard railing and toeboard.Covering the hole or opening is another way to protect workers. Floor holes should be protected by a cover that leaves openings of no more than 1 inch. The cover should be held securely in place to prevent objects from falling through.During times when the cover is not in place, the floor hole should be attended by a attendant to keep others away from the hazard, or it should be protected by a standard railing and toeboard.Image credit: Mine Safety and Health Administration
7 Protección de las aberturas de peldaños y escaleras Resguarde por medio de barandillas en los lados expuestosLa entrada puede estar abiertaRecomiende una puerta de vaivénCubra la aberturaSlide Show NotesFloor openings for stairways and ladders need guarding or some other form of protection against falls.Guard stairway and ladder floor openings with a standard railing and toeboard on all sides except where the entrance is.The entrance to the ladder or stairway may be open as long as it is offset so that a person cannot walk directly into the opening. An example would be to have a landing of some kind as a passage to the stairway or ladder.It is recommended to have a swinging gate in the railing, as further protection against falling.Another option is to cover the opening with a hinged cover that is properly constructed and strong enough to provide protection. When the stairway or ladder is not being used, the cover should be closed. If the cover is not on, there should be an attendant, or the opening should be protected on all exposed sides by removable railings.Modify this slide to describe stairway and ladder floor openings at your facility, or delete or hide the slide if it does not apply.Discuss stairway and ladder floor openings in your workplace.
8 Protección de las aberturas de trampillas y tolvas Mantenga una cubierta sólida con bisagrasBarandillas removiblesCerque el área debajo de la aberturaUse una alarma audible cuando deje caer materiales a través de las aberturasProteja los tragaluces con una rejilla o con barandillasSlide Show NotesFloor openings for hatchways and chutes need guarding that is similar to other kinds of floor openings.A sturdy hinged cover can be used as long as it is properly constructed and strong enough for people to walk across. When the hatchway or chute is not being used, the cover needs to be kept closed, or the opening should be guarded with railings.A removable railing with a toeboard can be installed on one or two sides of the opening. The other two sides must be guarded with a fixed railing and toeboards. The removable railings should be kept in place when the opening is not in use.The areas under floor openings should be fenced off, to keep people from walking through the area when objects might fall on them from above. If fencing is not practical, the area should be marked with yellow lines, and warning devices such as ropes or ribbons should be installed.Audible alarm signals should be installed whenever floor openings are used to drop materials from one level to the next. The alarms warn employees on the lower level.Finally, skylights must be guarded by standard skylight screens or a fixed standard railing on all exposed sides.Modify or delete this slide as it applies to your facility. Discuss how your company uses hatchways and chutes.
9 Aberturas en las paredes 30 pulgadas de alto y 18 pulgadas de anchoUna persona puede caerse por éstasSi la caída es desde más de 4 pies, proteja con una baranda, una cortina enrollable, un alambrado o una puertaColoque tablones de pie para evitar los riesgos de una caídaSlide Show NotesWall openings are another kind of falling hazard.Holes or openings in walls or partitions that are at least 30 inches high and 18 inches wide are covered by OSHA regulations.In other words, these openings are large enough for a person to fall through.If the wall opening presents the possibility of falling four feet or more to the ground below, it should be guarded with a railing, roller, picket fence, half door, or similar barrier.Install a toeboard to protect employees working below from being struck by falling objects.Discuss potential wall opening hazards and protective measures at your facility.Image credit: OSHA.gov
10 Barandas Baranda superior: 42 pulgadas Baranda del medio: 21 pulgadas Tablón de pie: 4 pulgadas de altoDebe resistir una fuerza razonable para evitar que el trabajador caigaSlide Show NotesGuardrails act as a barrier along any open edge to protect employees and objects from falling over the open edge to a lower level.The top rail of the guardrail must be 42 inches above the walking or working surface.The midrail must be halfway between the top rail and the walking or working surface, or about 21 inches high.A toeboard 4 inches tall is used to help prevent someone from stepping over the edge, and also to prevent someone from kicking tools or equipment over the edge so that they can fall on an employee on the lower level.Guardrails must be able to withstand reasonable force and prevent workers from falling to a lower level.
11 Pasillos y corredoresManténgalos libres para el equipo de manejo de materialSeñale los pasillos permanentesLos corredores de alto tránsito debe estar equipados con pasajes peatonalesSlide Show NotesAisles and passageways can often be full of tripping and falling hazards.Keep aisles and passageways, as well as loading docks, doorways, and turning areas, clear for material-handling equipment such as forklifts and electrical pallet jacks. There should be no obstructions in these areas that could create a hazard.Mark aisles and passageways that are permanently used as such. Marking can be lines painted on the floor, or it can be pillars, striping, flags, traffic cones, or barrels that are in good conditions and can be recognized as markings by vehicle operators and other employees.Passageways with heavy vehicle traffic must be wide enough to provide a separate walkway for pedestrians, to prevent them from being struck by forklifts or other material-handling equipment.Discuss aisles in your workplace that are marked to indicate that they are permanent. Consider using a map of your facility that shows permanent aisles.
12 Clasificación de carga del piso Fije carteles con las clasificaciones de cargaSeñale las placas que cubran las aberturas de los pisosSeñale los pasajes peatonales que estén por encima del sueloNunca exceda el límite de la clasificación de cargaSlide Show NotesThe “floor load rating” is important information for preventing falls and other accidents. Walking surfaces, especially those that are suspended above ground, have weight limits for what can safely be loaded on them.Load ratings should be posted so that employees can see the rating of the walkway.Plates used to cover floor holes and openings, for example, should be marked with their load ratings.Similarly, aboveground walkways and working surfaces should be marked with their load ratings.Never exceed the posted load rating limit for floor covers and walkways.
13 ¿Tiene alguna pregunta? ¿Tiene preguntas acerca de pisos de lados abiertos, huecos y aberturas en el suelo, pasillos o clasificaciones de carga del piso?Slide Show NotesDo you understand the material on walking surfaces and openings, including open floors, floor holes and openings, aisles and passageways, or floor load ratings?It is time to ask yourself if you understand the material presented so far.It is important for your safety that you understand slip, trip, and fall hazards.
14 Use las escaleras de mano fijas de forma segura Sujetas en forma permanenteSe requieren jaulas si la altura de ascenso supera los 20 piesLongitud o altura máxima continua de 30 piesUtilice los dispositivos de seguridad de la escalera de manoSlide Show NotesNow we’ll discuss safety procedures with stairs and ladders.To use stairs safely, remember these safety guidelines:Use the handrails when going up or down stairs. Even the most graceful person can potentially misstep, stub a toe, or otherwise trip on the stairs and fall. The handrail gives you an extra point of safety.Walk – don’t run – up and down stairs. Running or jumping increases the possibility of falling.Inspect the steps for slippery surfaces, such as oil, grease, or water, or for damaged steps. Be careful on carpeted steps because these can also be slippery.Do not put objects on the steps of stairways. Many people have the habit of putting things on the bottom steps that they intend to take upstairs later. However, someone else who does not expect the object to be there could trip and fall over it.
15 Use las escaleras de mano fijas de forma segura Sujetas en forma permanenteSe requieren jaulas si la altura de ascenso supera los 20 piesLongitud o altura máxima continua de 30 piesUtilice los dispositivos de seguridad de la escalera de manoSlide Show NotesThere are different kinds of ladders and ways to make sure you use them safely.Fixed ladders are ladders that are permanently attached to a structure or piece of equipment.Cages or wells are needed if the climbing height of a fixed ladder is more than 20 feet.The maximum unbroken height or length of this type of ladder is 30 feet, before being broken by a platform.Ladder safety devices may be used instead of cage protection on tower, water tank, and chimney ladders more than 20 feet high. Ladder safety devices means the worker wears a full-body harness with a lanyard attached to a device on the ladder. If the climber falls, the device automatically stops and locks, preventing the worker from falling a longer distance.Modify, hide, or delete this slide as it applies to fixed ladders in your workplace.Discuss the safety features and procedures for using fixed ladders installed in your workplace.
16 Coloque la escalera de mano con seguridad Póngala sobre una superficie niveladaColoque la escalera de mano en el ángulo correcto: use la regla de 4 a 1Sujete la baseExtienda 3 pies por encima del descanso superiorAfirme la escalera de mano en la parte superiorSlide Show NotesAlways set up non-fixed ladders with safety in mind.Put the ladder on a level surface. Avoid putting it on sloped surfaces, or on gravel or dirt that could give way and cause the ladder to fall.Angle the ladder properly, using the “4 to 1” rule. This means that the distance between the bottom of the ladder to the wall should be one-fourth the distance to the top of the ladder or its support point. The illustration on this slide shows a ladder that is 16 feet from the bottom to the support point, so the distance between the wall and the bottom of the ladder is four feet. Counting the number of rungs of the ladder will give you the approximate length of the ladder in feet.Secure the bottom of the ladder, or have someone hold it for you. Even if the ladder has anti-slip feet, securing the bottom provides extra safety.Extend the ladder at least 3 feet above the upper landing so that you have the ladder to hold onto when climbing from the ladder to the landing, or back from the landing to the ladder.If the ladder will be staying in one place for a long period of time, secure it at the top to prevent it from falling backward or to the side.Image credit: State of WA-WISHA Services
17 Suba las escaleras de mano de forma segura Mire hacia la escaleraSuba con las dos manosUtilice un cinturón para herramientas o un gancho para baldesMantenga su peso centradoNo se pare en los dos peldaños o escalones superiores de una escalera de tijeraSlide Show NotesTo climb ladders safely, remember these safety rules:Face the ladder when you are climbing or descending. It is much harder to keep your balance if your back is toward the ladder.Climb with both hands. Don’t try to climb while holding tools or other objects in your hands. Always keep at least one hand on the ladder when painting or doing other projects.Use a tool belt or bucket hanger to carry tools or other necessary equipment.Keep your weight centered on the ladder; don’t lean to the side.Don’t stand on the two top steps of a stepladder. When using an extension ladder, don’t stand on the top four rungs, because you can’t keep a grip on the ladder when standing this high.
18 Revise las escaleras de mano Asegúrese de que los peldaños estén limpios y en buen estadoAsegúrese de que las trabas de la escalera de mano funcionen correctamenteUtilice una escalera de mano no conductiva cerca de equipos eléctricosLos pies de la escalera deben ser de material antideslizanteSlide Show NotesInspect ladders before every use to make sure they are safe.Make sure the rungs are in good condition and are clean. They should not be bent or otherwise damaged, and they should be free of oil, grease, or anything else that could make them slippery.Make sure the ladder locks function correctly. The locks are essential for keeping the ladder stable and secure.Use a nonconductive ladder when working around electrical equipment. This means fiberglass or wood—never aluminum.Finally, ladder feet should be of rubber or some other anti-slip material.
19 ¿Tiene alguna pregunta? ¿Alguna pregunta sobre los procedimientos de seguridad para escaleras y escaleras de mano?Slide Show NotesDo you understand safety procedures for stairs and ladders?Now it’s time to ask yourself if you understand the information presented so far.It’s important that you know how to use stairs and ladders safely.
20 Mantenga las superficies limpias y despejadas Mantenga los pisos de los talleres limpios y secosMantenga el área de trabajo limpia y bien ordenadaSlide Show NotesRemember to keep walking and working surfaces clear and clean in order to reduce the hazards of slipping, tripping, and falling.Keep workroom floors clean and dry to eliminate slip hazards and prevent injuries. Keep gratings and drains clear to make sure liquids can drain off, and install mats or raised platforms where wet processes are used.Maintain a clean and orderly work area to prevent tripping injuries. Keep floors, walkways, work platforms, and passageways free from trip hazards such as protruding nails, loose boards, debris, tools, materials, and other objects.
21 Elimine el riesgo de tropezar Recoja las herramientas, los materiales y la basuraRecoja o rodee las obstruccionesSi encuentra superficies de trabajo o de paso peligrosas, comuníqueloMantenga cerrados los cajones de los ficherosMantenga los cables eléctricos fuera de los pasajes peatonalesSlide Show NotesYou can eliminate trip hazards by getting into these safety habits:Pick up tools, materials, and trash. Clean up straps and bands from boxes or bundles – they can get tangled up in someone’s legs and cause a fall. If you need to work in a walkway, put cones or barricades around your tools and materials so other employees are aware of the hazard and can avoid your work area.Pick up or walk around obstructions, don’t walk through the middle or on top of them. If it’s appropriate to pick them up and put them away, do so. Otherwise, walk around them.Report dangerous walking and working surfaces, such as damaged flooring, uneven surfaces, loose boards, torn carpets, protruding nails, and other hazards so that they can be repaired to eliminate the trip hazard.Keep file drawers closed. Often, people in an office may not be paying attention or thinking to look for an unexpected obstruction like an open file drawer.Finally, keep power cords out of walkways and stairwells unless they are covered. If it’s necessary to string a cord across a walkway, tape it down securely and put a cone or warning sign nearby.Think about the trip hazards that are present in your workplace, and what you can do to correct them.Discuss trip hazards that are found in your workplace.
22 Elimine el riesgo de resbalar Limpie los líquidosBarra los desechos y el polvoDeténgase y repare las pérdidasInstale absorbentes alrededor de procesos húmedosUtilice conos o señales de advertenciaSlide Show NotesHelp eliminate slip hazards in the workplace by following these tips:Clean up liquids that spill, and do it right away. Water and oil can be cleaned up with rags, mops, squeegees, or floor absorbents. Chemical spills or leaks should be reported so that properly trained personnel can clean up the chemical.Sweep up debris and dust – don’t just step over or walk through a mess. Take the time to pick up or clean up the hazard.Stop and repair leaks in machinery, piping, and equipment that can cause a slip hazard. If you can’t repair the leak yourself, report it so that the proper personnel can be called.Install absorbent or liquid barriers around wet processes, such as splashing metalworking fluids, liquids used for parts cleaning, or other processes that involve liquids. Absorbent or barriers will prevent these liquids from flowing onto walking areas and causing slip-related injuries.Use warning signs, cones, or barricade tape around slip hazards such as wet floors. If necessary, stand guard to alert other employees to the hazard until it has been cleaned up and the surface is dry.Discuss slip hazards that are found in your workplace.
23 Utilice calzado antideslizante El calzado de calle no está destinado para resistir los resbalonesSuelas de goma suave para resistir los resbalonesLa huella de la suela acanaladaAún así es necesario caminar con cuidadoSlide Show NotesWear slip-resistant shoes to protect yourself against slipping and falling.Ordinary street shoes—including athletic shoes—are generally not intended to be slip-resistant in the work environment. For example, shoes that provide good traction on a basketball court are not designed to protect against slipping on surfaces that are wet from water, oil, or chemicals.Soft rubber soles provide slip resistance by gripping the surface of the floor. However, the soles will wear down quickly if they are too soft.Sole treads with channels are characteristic of slip-resistant shoes, because the channels carry the liquid out from under the shoe and allow the ridge of the sole to contact the floor.You still need to walk carefully, even when wearing slip-resistant shoes. Wearing the right shoes reduces the possibility of slipping on wet floors, but does not entirely eliminate it.Discuss the footwear that different people in the training class are wearing. Encourage everyone to purchase good footwear with slip-resistant soles.
24 Esté alerta, use el sentido común Sea consciente de los peligrosPreste atención hacia dónde se dirigeRegule su paso según la superficie sobre la que camineGire en forma abierta en las esquinasNo bloquee su visión cuando acarree objetosSlide Show NotesBeing alert and using common sense are two of the best ways to reduce slip, trip, and fall hazards.First of all, be aware of all of the possible hazards in your work area.Pay attention to wear you are going, and keep an eye out for possible slip, trip, and fall hazards.Adjust your stride according to the walking surface. If the surface is dry and rough, you can probably walk quickly. But if the surface appears to be slippery, walk more slowly and shorten your steps. On ramps especially, walk slowly and test your traction.Make wide turns at corners. If you try to take a sharp corner quickly, you could plant your foot on a slippery surface and cause your feet to slide out from under you.Finally, don’t block your vision when carrying objects. Make sure you can always see the floor in front of you, so that you don’t slip or trip. Be especially careful when carrying objects on stairs or ramps.
25 ¿Tiene alguna pregunta? ¿Alguna pregunta acerca de los riesgos de sufrir resbalones y tropezones en las superficies de paso y en las superficies de trabajo?Slide Show NotesDo you understand the slip and trip hazards of walking and working surfaces?Now it’s time to ask yourself if you understand the information presented.It is important for your safety that you understand slip, trip, and fall hazards and how to prevent injuries.
26 Puntos clave para recordar Verifique la existencia de aberturas sin protecciónMantenga los pasajes peatonales libres de peligrosUtilice los peldaños y las escaleras de mano de forma seguraPrevenga los riesgos de resbalones y tropezonesSlide Show NotesHere are the key things to remember from this training session on slips, trips, and falls:Check for unguarded openings in floors, platforms, or walls. Make sure the proper guards are in place, such as railings or covers.Keep walkways free of hazards; remove all tripping hazards if you can.Use stairs and ladders safely. Be careful on stairs, and make sure that you follow all safety guidelines when using fixed ladders, extension ladders, or stepladders.Finally, prevent slip and trip hazards by following good housekeeping practices. Clean up liquid spills and dust, debris, and stray objects that might cause someone to slip or trip. If you see a hazard, correct it or report it.This concludes the training session on slips, trips, and falls.