Presentación del tema: "El Pretérito El Pretérito: parte 1. El Pretérito The preterite tense is a past tense. Just because an actions occurs in the past does not mean that the."— Transcripción de la presentación:
El Pretérito The preterite tense is a past tense. Just because an actions occurs in the past does not mean that the preterit has to be used. The preterit is only used to describe specific type of actions. Here is an example: I called last night. (PRETERIT) I called every night.(not preterit)
El Pretérito Las Reglas When to use 1. Describe a completed past action. Ej. I called last night. Yo llamé anoche. 2. Describe a specific event at a specific time. Ej. She spoke to him yesterday. Ella habló a él ayer. 3. Describe an interrupting action. Ej. The teacher yelled as she walked past the student. La maestra gritó como ella caminaba por el estudiante.
El Pretérito Más Reglas 4. Sequential Actions Ej. First you wrote notes, then you studied and then you understood. Primero tú escribiste notas, entonces tú estudiaste y entonces tú entendiste.
El Pretérito Las Palabras útiles Helpful words Sometimes it is the action itself that tells you if the action is a pretérito action. But sometimes you need to use other context clues to decide. The most helpful of these are key words or helpful words.
El Pretérito AyerYesterday A las cincoAt 5 oclock El año pasadoLast year Una vezOne time NacerTo be born Hace dos años2 years ago (hacer + time = ago) Inmediatamente Immediately
El Pretérito Conjugating the Pretérito Regular AR verbs Yo – é Tú – aste Él,ella,usted- ó Nosotros – amos Ellos,Ellas, - aron Ustedes
El Pretérito Practiquemos ahora! Hablar- I spokeWe spoke You spoke He spokeThey spoke HabléHablamos Hablaste HablóHablaron
El Pretérito yo I traveled Nosotros We traveled tú You traveled él He traveled ellos They traveled Viajar- to travel
El Pretérito yo I helped Nosotros We helped tú You helped él He helped ellos They helped Ayudar- to help
El Pretérito yo I celebrated Nosotros We celebrated tú You celebrated él He celebrated ellos They celebrated Celebrar- to celebrate
El Pretérito yo I finished Nosotros We finished tú You finished él He finished ellos They finished Terminar- to finish
El Pretérito Doblar- to turn yo I turned Nosotros We turned t ú Y ou turned él He turned ellos They turned
El Pretérito Conjugating the Pretérito Regular ER and IR verbs have the Same Conjugations (whew! A little easier) Yo – í Tú – iste Él,ella,usted- ió Nosotros – imos Ellos,Ellas, - ieron Ustedes
El Pretérito Más practica Escribir I wrote We wrote You wrote She wroteThey wrote Escribí Escribiste Escribió Escribimos Escribieron
El Pretérito yo I was born Nosotros We were born t ú Y ou were born él He was born ellos They were born NACER- to be born
El Pretérito yo I returned Nosotros We returned t ú You returned él He returned ellos They returned Volver- to return
El Pretérito yo I allowed Nosotros We allowed t ú You allowed él He allowed ellos They allowed Permitir- to allow
El Pretérito yo I prohibited Nosotros We prohibited t ú You prohibited él He prohibited ellos They prohibited Prohibir- to prohibit
El Pretérito yo Fui I went Nosotros We went t ú Fuiste You went él Fue He went ellos Fueron They went Ir- to go
El Pretérito Y más And for all you who may be wondering if there are any stem-changes, there are. Irregulars, yep, a long list! And you will learn about spelling changes as well. But for now just stick with regular verbs and IR!