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Preterite –ar, -er, -ir Verbs. Preterite = -An action that happened in the past. The action began and ended at a definite time in the past I started Spanish.

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Presentación del tema: "Preterite –ar, -er, -ir Verbs. Preterite = -An action that happened in the past. The action began and ended at a definite time in the past I started Spanish."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Preterite –ar, -er, -ir Verbs

2 Preterite = -An action that happened in the past. The action began and ended at a definite time in the past I started Spanish class in August -In English it is usually used with an –ed ending ex: She played video games yesterday We went to the beach on Saturday

3 Preterite –ar endings Drop the –ar from the verb and replace with the following: yo =nosotros = tú = Ud. =Uds. = (él, ella)(ellos, ellas) -é -aste -ó -amos -aron Notice there are accents ONLY in the yo & ud. forms

4 -car, gar, -zar ONLY in the ______ form do you use these ending ONLY in the ______ form do you use these ending -car -gar -zar qué gué cé ex: 1.Yo ____________ (marcar) 2.Yo ____________ (llegar) 3.Yo ____________ (empezar) marqué llegué empecé yo

5 Practice Conjugate these verbs in the Preterite 1. Tú ____________ (hablar) 2. Nosotros ____________ (tomar) 3. Yo ____________ (comenzar) 4. Ellos ___________ (nadar) 5. José ___________ (comprar) hablaste tomamos comencé nadaron compró

6 Preterite –er & -ir verbs Stem changing verbs and dar & ver

7 The following are the endings for - er & -ir verbs yo =nosotros = tú = Ud. =Uds. = (él, ella)(ellos, ellas) -í -iste -ió -imos -ieron

8 Preterite forms for dar & ver They are the same endings as -er & - ir They are the same endings as -er & - ir INFINITIVEdarver yo tú ud. (él, ella) nosotros uds.(ellos,ellas) di diste dio dimos dieron vi viste vio vimos vieron

9 Stem Changing Verbs Stem Changing Verbs A few = Pedir, Servir, Morir, Reír, Sonreír, Dormir, Divertirse Only changes in 3 rd person Pedir yo =nosotros = tú = Ud. = Uds. = (él, ella)(ellos, ellas) Pedí Pediste Pidió Pedimos Pidieron

10 Reír & Sonreír These two verbs drop the e completely when conjugating into the 3 RD PERSON. These two verbs drop the e completely when conjugating into the 3 RD PERSON. Reír yo =nosotros = tú = Ud. = Uds. = (él, ella)(ellos, ellas) Reí Reíste Rio Reímos Rieron

11 Practice 1. Ellos ___________ una limonada. (pedir) 2. Ellas ___________ al cine. (salir) 3. Yo ___________ la comida. (servir) 4. Nosotros ____________ dos regalos (dar) 5. Carlos _____________ en casa. (dormir) pidieron salieron serví dimos durmió


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