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VERBOS Introduction of present tense regular Introduction of Tener/Ser.

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Presentación del tema: "VERBOS Introduction of present tense regular Introduction of Tener/Ser."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 VERBOS Introduction of present tense regular Introduction of Tener/Ser

2 Verbos The verb as it appears in the dictionary is called the infinitive In Spanish there are 3 verb endings AR (hablar – to speak) ER (comer – to eat) IR (vivir – to live) Spanish verbs are either regular 85% or irregular (do not follow the rules) 15%. Some verbs are Radical Changing – this means they follow the regular rules but they have some spelling differences

3 When you learn the different tenses (past, present and future), you will need to know who is the subject of the action I YOU (s) HE/SHE/IT/FORMAL (s) WE YOU (pl) THEY/YOU FORMAL (pl)

4 The subject of the verb IYO YOU (S)TÚ HEÉL SHEÉLLA YOU FORMAL (s)ÚSTED (vd.) WE(NOS)OTROS YOU (pl)(VOS)OTROS THEYELLOS THEY (f)ELLAS YOU FORMAL (pl)ÚSTEDES (vds.)

5 HOWEVER... In Spanish although you need to know who is doing the action you do not need to say the pronoun because the verb ending will tell you who is speaking. You can use the pronoun if you are trying to stress who is speaking (see Teacher)

6 Present tense regular verbs Hablar – to speakComer – to eatVivir – to live I (yo)HabloComoVivo You (s) (Tú)HablasComesVives He/she/it/formal (s) (El/ella/ústed) HablaComeVive We (nosotros)HablamosComemosVivimos You (pl) (vosotros)HabláisComéisVivís They/formal (pl) Ellos/Ellas/ústedes HablanComenViven

7 Completa las frases Hablar – to speak Hablo español Mi hermano habla ingles Mis amigas hablan francés Comer – to eat Como hamburguesas Mi madre come mucha fruta Mis hermanos comen ensalada Vivir- to live Vivo en Pimlico Mi padre vive en Londres Mis amigos viven en España

8 REPASO AR VERBS – o, as, a, amos, áis, an ER VERBS – o, es, e, emos, éis, en IR VERBS – o, es, e, imos, ís, en

9 Can you apply the rules to other regular verbs? (worksheet)

10 Two important irregular verbs SER – TO BETENER – TO HAVE ISoyTengo You (s)EresTienes He/she/it/formal (s)EsTiene WeSomosTenemos You (pl)SoisTenéis They/you formal (pl)Sontienen LEARN THESE VERBS OFF BY HEART

11 Remember every sentence contains a verb so they must be learnt. Once you know a few verbs you will be able to start to use Spanish independently!

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