2First, let’s review the subject pronouns. Singular PluralPerson1st2nd3rdnosotros m. wenosotras f.vosotros m. youvosotras f.ustedes youellos m. theyellas f.yo Itú youusted youél heella she
3Examples of a conjugation… Conjugate:Grammar. To inflect a verb in its forms for distinctions such as number, person, voice, mood, and tense.Examples of a conjugation…I run.You have.She walks.We are.You see.They speak.
4Infinitive:not having inflections to indicate tense n : the uninflected (or unconjugated) form of the verbthe “to” form of a verb: to run, to walk, to have
5There are three types of verbs in Spanish. -AR verbs are verbs that end in –ar. Hablar, mirar.-ER verbs end in –er. Comer, beber.-IR verbs end in –ir. Vivir, ofrir.Types of verbs-IR* Verbs ending in –ar, -er, and –ir in Spanish are known as infinitives.
6Let’s get started… Conjugating regular –AR verbs. To conjugate a regular –AR verb, one must first remove the –AR ending from the infinitive. This will leave you with the base.Use the infinitive, hablarhablar – ar = hablhabl is your base
7Add the regular –AR verb endings to your base amosáisaninfinitive – ending = basehablar – ar = hablhabloasahablamosáisan
8These endings correspond with the following subject pronouns. Singular PluralPerson1st2nd3rdyo =onosotros/as =amostú =asvosotros/as =áisUd.él =ellaUds.ellos =ellasaan
9Memorization is the key to conjugating regular verbs in Spanish Regular –AR VerbsP u z z l e dMemorization is the key to conjugating regular verbs in Spanish
10Conjugating regular verbs in Spanish is a pattern. -AR = Base Habl o Infinitive-AR= BaseHablo
11infinitive – ending = base Once you have learned to conjugate one regular –AR verb…infinitive – ending = basenadar – ar = nadnadoasanadamosáisan…you can conjugate all regular –AR verbs.
12infinitive – ending = base One More Time...infinitive – ending = basecaminar – ar = camincaminoasacaminamosáisan
13Now... cocinar – ar = cocin cocin o as a cocin amos áis an add your subject pronounscocinar – ar = cocincocinoasacocinamosáisanyotúUd.élellanosotros/asvosotros/asUds.ellosellas
14Conjugating Spanish –AR verbs is like learning your 123’s and your ABC’s. Once you know the pattern, you can conjugate every regular –AR verb. Also, you can tell if it is 1st, 2nd, or 3rd person singular or plural.
15We still have two more verbs: –ER and –IR. We’re notfinished yet.Not any more!We still have two more verbs: –ER and –IR.
16Don’t sweat it though! infinitive – ending = base As with regular –AR verbs,regular Spanish –ERand –IR verbshave a pattern.
17The pattern is: infinitive – ending = base hablar comer vivir
18hablar – ar = habl comer – er = com vivir – ir = viv infinitive – ending = basehablar – ar = hablcomer – er = comOne more time...vivir – ir = vivNow you know the pattern!
19Now all you need are the endings… Once you know how to conjugate the regular –AR verb, conjugating –ER and –IR verbs are simple.-ER verbs are like –AR verbs. The only difference is the “A” and the “E”.-IR verbs are sister verbs to the –ER verbs. They share four of the same endings.
20Here are the regular verb endings… Person-AR-ER-IRSingularPlural1st-o-amos-emos-imos2nd-as-áis-es-éis-ís3rd-a-an-e-en
21comer – er = com com o es e com emos éis en Get your pencil ready! yo Ud.élellanosotros/asvosotros/asUds.ellosellas
22vivir – ir = viv viv o es e viv imos ís en Don’t get tired yet, Now ready for the next stepvivir – ir = vivvivoesevivimosísenyotúUd.élellanosotros/asvosotros/asUds.ellosellas
23Now wipe away all those tears, there is nothing more to fear.You have now learned how to conjugate regular Spanish verbs.
24Time is up, so now we’re done. Let’s go have some fun!