La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Tenses of the subjunctive Present subjunctive Present subjunctive Present perfect subjunctive Present perfect subjunctive Imperfect subjunctive Imperfect.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Tenses of the subjunctive Present subjunctive Present subjunctive Present perfect subjunctive Present perfect subjunctive Imperfect subjunctive Imperfect."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Tenses of the subjunctive Present subjunctive Present subjunctive Present perfect subjunctive Present perfect subjunctive Imperfect subjunctive Imperfect subjunctive

2 Present Subjunctive Go to the yo form of the verb Go to the yo form of the verb Drop the -o Drop the -o Add the opposite endings Add the opposite endings –ar: e, es, e, emos, éis, en –er & -ir: a, as, a, amos, áis, an

3 Present Perfect Subjunctive You use this when you are talking in the present about something that happened in the past You use this when you are talking in the present about something that happened in the past –The independent clause is in the PRESENT TENSE –The dependent clause (after the que) is in the PAST TENSE Ejemplos: – Es una lástima que hayas perdido tu collar de oro. – Es increíble que Colón haya descubierto el nuevo mundo in 1492.

4 Present Perfect Subjunctive composed of 2 parts - composed of 2 parts - 1.the present subjunctive of haber haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan 2. the past participle of another verb -ar: - ado hablar = hablado -er & -ir: -idocomer = comido vivir = vivido

5 Irregular past participles Abierto (abrir) Abierto (abrir) Dicho (decir) Dicho (decir) Hecho (hacer) Hecho (hacer) Puesto (poner) Puesto (poner) Escrito (escribir) Escrito (escribir) Roto (romper) Roto (romper) Visto (ver) Visto (ver) Vuelto (volver) Vuelto (volver) Cubierto (cubrir / descubrir) Cubierto (cubrir / descubrir) Muerto (morir) Muerto (morir) Resuelto (resolver) Resuelto (resolver)

6 Present Perfect Subjunctive (luchar) (luchar) –Es bueno que los esclavos hayan luchado por su libertad. (proteger) (proteger) –Es justo que el gobierno haya protegido sus derechos. (prohibir) (prohibir) –Es bueno que la democracia haya prohibido la esclavitud

7 Imperfect Subjunctive (p. 192) You use the imperfect subjunctive when you are talking in the past about something that happened previously. You use the imperfect subjunctive when you are talking in the past about something that happened previously.

8 Imperfect Subjunctive (contd) Compare: Compare: –Present Subjunctive –Its too bad (right now) that he broke his leg and couldnt compete –Es una lástima que se haya roto la pierna y que no haya podido competir. –Imperfect Subjunctive –It was too bad (at the Olympics 4 years ago) that he broke his leg and couldnt compete that he broke his leg and couldnt compete –Fue una lástima que se rompiera la pierna y que no pudiera competir.

9 Formation of the imperfect subjunctive Start with the ellos/ellas form of the preterit tense. Start with the ellos/ellas form of the preterit tense. Take off the ron Take off the ron Add the endings Add the endings -ra-ramos -ras-ráis -ra-ran Endings are the same for –ar, -er-, & -ir Endings are the same for –ar, -er-, & -ir The nosotros form will need an additional accent to preserve correct pronunciation The nosotros form will need an additional accent to preserve correct pronunciation

10 Ejemplos Caminar – caminaron – Caminar – caminaron – caminaracamináramos caminaracaminarais caminaracaminaran Conocer – conocieron Conocer – conocieron conocieraconociéramos conocierasconocierais conocieraconocieran

11 Ejemplos vivir – vivieron vivir – vivieron vivieraviviéramos vivierasvivierais vivieravivieran

12 Práctica I wanted my brother to meet Graciela. I wanted my brother to meet Graciela. –Yo _________________ que mi hermano ________________________ a Graciela. My parents insisted that I go to college. My parents insisted that I go to college. –Mis padres __________________ que yo ____________________ a la universidad. She recommended that we order the tostones. She recommended that we order the tostones. –Ella _________________ que __________________ los tostones.

13 Más Práctica con vocabulario de U3E3 The president ordered that the army arrive immediately. The president ordered that the army arrive immediately. –El presidente ____________ que el ejército _________________ inmediatamente. The governor suggested that we honor the memory of our ancestor with a parade. The governor suggested that we honor the memory of our ancestor with a parade. –El gobernador ___________________ que __________________ la memoria de nuestros antepasados con un desfile.

14 Más Práctica The king wanted the government to build a lighthouse on the island. The king wanted the government to build a lighthouse on the island. –El rey _______________ que el gobierno __________________ un faro en la isla. The slaves demanded that the king give them their freedom. The slaves demanded that the king give them their freedom. –Los esclavos __________________ que el rey les ___________________ su libertad. We didnt believe that the opressors would win the struggle. We didnt believe that the opressors would win the struggle. –No __________________ que los opresores ___________________ la lucha.


Descargar ppt "Tenses of the subjunctive Present subjunctive Present subjunctive Present perfect subjunctive Present perfect subjunctive Imperfect subjunctive Imperfect."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google