Presentación del tema: "EL PRESENTE PERFECTO AKA The Present Perfect. The Present Perfect? The present perfect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb "has" or "have" with."— Transcripción de la presentación:
EL PRESENTE PERFECTO AKA The Present Perfect
The Present Perfect? The present perfect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb "has" or "have" with the past participle. Because the present perfect is a compound tense, two verbs are required: the main verb and the auxiliary verb. I have studied. (main verb: studied ; auxiliary verb: have) He has written a letter to María. (main verb: written ; auxiliary verb: has) We have been stranded for six days. (main verb: been ; auxiliary verb: have)
¿El Presente Perfecto? In Spanish, the present perfect tense is formed by using the present tense of the auxiliary verb "haber" with the past participle. Haber is conjugated as follows: hehemos hashabéis hahan
El Participio Pasado To form the past participle, simply drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add -ado (for -ar verbs) or -ido (for -er, -ir verbs). OR Past participle = infinitive – ending + -ado (ar verbs) or –ido (er,ir verbs)
Ejemplos Hablar – ar + ado = Hablado (spoken) Comer – er + ido = Comido (eaten) Vivir – er + ido + Vivido (lived)
Práctica I have listened. He escuchado. Have you eaten? ¿Has comido? She has ridden the Big Dipper. Ella ha montado el Big Dipper.
Más Práctica We have understood. Hemos comprendido/entendido. Have you guys played? Habéis jugado? They have slept in. Ellos han dormido tarde.