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EL PRESENTE PERFECTO AKA The Present Perfect. The Present Perfect? The present perfect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb "has" or "have" with.

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Presentación del tema: "EL PRESENTE PERFECTO AKA The Present Perfect. The Present Perfect? The present perfect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb "has" or "have" with."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 EL PRESENTE PERFECTO AKA The Present Perfect

2 The Present Perfect? The present perfect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb "has" or "have" with the past participle. Because the present perfect is a compound tense, two verbs are required: the main verb and the auxiliary verb. I have studied. (main verb: studied ; auxiliary verb: have) He has written a letter to María. (main verb: written ; auxiliary verb: has) We have been stranded for six days. (main verb: been ; auxiliary verb: have)

3 ¿El Presente Perfecto? In Spanish, the present perfect tense is formed by using the present tense of the auxiliary verb "haber" with the past participle. Haber is conjugated as follows: hehemos hashabéis hahan

4 El Participio Pasado To form the past participle, simply drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add -ado (for -ar verbs) or -ido (for -er, -ir verbs). OR Past participle = infinitive – ending + -ado (ar verbs) or –ido (er,ir verbs)

5 Ejemplos Hablar – ar + ado = Hablado (spoken) Comer – er + ido = Comido (eaten) Vivir – er + ido + Vivido (lived)

6 Práctica I have listened. He escuchado. Have you eaten? ¿Has comido? She has ridden the Big Dipper. Ella ha montado el Big Dipper.

7 Más Práctica We have understood. Hemos comprendido/entendido. Have you guys played? Habéis jugado? They have slept in. Ellos han dormido tarde.

8 Los Irregulares abrir (to open) - abierto (open) cubrir (to cover) - cubierto (covered) decir (to say) - dicho (said) escribir (to write) - escrito (written) freír (to fry) - frito (fried) hacer (to do) - hecho (done)

9 Los Irregulares morir (to die) - muerto (dead) poner (to put) - puesto (put) resolver (to resolve) - resuelto (resolved) romper (to break) - roto (broken) ver (to see) - visto (seen) volver (to return) - vuelto (returned


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