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El Pretérito (The Simple Past Tense) Una Guía Completa para los Verbos Regulares por Marnie Robey, LCHS Next.

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Presentación del tema: "El Pretérito (The Simple Past Tense) Una Guía Completa para los Verbos Regulares por Marnie Robey, LCHS Next."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 El Pretérito (The Simple Past Tense) Una Guía Completa para los Verbos Regulares por Marnie Robey, LCHS Next

3 ¿Qué es el pretérito? - a verb tense that indicates an action in the past without reference to duration, continuance or repetition Next Examples in EnglishContínue…

4 Examples in English I did my homework. Sally walked the dog. We ate dinner. Did you clean your room? Next

5 Recuerde usted – there are THREE kinds of verbs in Spanish… -ar-er-ir

6 Each kind of verb has its own conjugations, rules and regular and irregular forms. Where do you want to start? -ar-er-ir Next

7 -ar verbs (Any verb that ends in –ar) There are 3 sets of rules for REGULAR –ar verbs. Next Rule #1 – The Endings Rule #2 – Stem Changes Rule #3 – Spelling Changes

8 -er verbs (Any verb that ends in –ir) There are 2 sets of rules for REGULAR –er verbs. Next Rule #1 – The Endings Rule #2 – Stem Changes

9 -ir verbs (Any verb that ends in –ir) There are 2 sets of rules for REGULAR –ir verbs. Next Rule #1 – The Endings Rule #2 – Stem Changes

10 -ar verbs Rule #1 - Las Terminaciones Yo Tú Él Ella Usted Nosotros Vosotros Ellos Ellas Ustedes -é -aste -ó -amos -asteis -aron Next

11 -ar verbs Rule #2 – Stem Changes This is your lucky day! You do NOT stem change –ar verbs in the preterite tense. Look at the difference between the present and preterite tenses of the verb despertarse. Next

12 -ar verbs Rule #3 – Spelling Changes For certain verbs, we have to change the spelling in order to preserve the sound of the infinitive (the non-conjugated verb). Those verbs end in… -car (tocar, practicar…) -gar (pagar, jugar…) -zar (almorzar, comenzar…) Next

13 -ar verbs Practice Example Conjugate esquiar = to ski Nosotros Vosotros Ellos Ellas Ustedes Yo Tú Él Ella Usted esquié esquiaste esquió esquiamos esquiasteis esquiaron Next

14 -ar verbs Compare present and preterite El PresenteEl Pretérito Me desperté nos despertamos Te despertaste os despertasteis Se despertó se despertaron Me despiertonos despertamos Te despiertasos despertáis Se despiertase despiertan Next

15 -ar verbs Spelling Changes The change occurs ONLY in the first person singular form – the yo. -car -gar -zar -qu -gu -c Next

16 -ar verbs Examples of spelling changes -car-zar-gar toqué practiqué saqué jugué llegué pagué almorcé empecé comencé Next

17 -ar verbs Now! Lets see what you learned about –ar verbs in the preterite… Next

18 -ar verbs Quiz yourself – on a scrap piece of paper, write the correct forms of the following verbs. 1. hablar – yo 2. cantar – tú 3. comenzar – yo 4. acostarse – ellos 5. probarse - Juan Next

19 Lets move on to –er verbs. Next

20 -er verbs Rule #1 – Las Terminaciones Yo Tú Él Ella Usted Nosotros Vosotros Ellos Ellas Ustedes -í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron Next

21 -er verbs Rule #2 – Stem Changes Happy Days!! You do not have to stem change REGULAR –er verbs in the preterite tense. Look at another comparison… Next

22 -er verbs Practice example Conjugate comer = to eat Nosotros Vosotros Ellos Ellas Ustedes Yo Tú Él Ella Usted comí comiste comió comimos comisteis comieron Next

23 -er verbs Compare present and preterite El PretéritoEl Presente entiendoentendemos entiendesentendéis entiendeentienden entendíentendimos entendisteentendisteis entendióentendieron Next Now – lets see what you learned…

24 Quiz yourself – on a scrap piece of paper, write the correct forms of the following verbs. -er verbs 1. beber, yo 2. comprender, tú 3. entender, ellos Next

25 Lets move on to –ir verbs. Next

26 -ir verbs Rule #1 – Las Terminaciones THEY ARE THE SAME AS –ER!! Yo Tú Él Ella Usted Nosotros Vosotros Ellos Ellas Ustedes -í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron Next See an exampleMove on

27 -ir verbs Rule #2 – Stem Changes -ir verbs are a little more complicados. If a verb is a stem changing verb in the present tense, then it is a stem changing verb in the preterite. Referring back to our shoe analogy – the verb becomes a SOLE verb in the preterite. Next I need more explanation. I understand, move on.

28 -ir verbs Practice Example Conjugate vivir = to live Nosotros Vosotros Ellos Ellas Ustedes Yo Tú Él Ella Usted viví viviste vivió vivimos vivisteis vivieron Next

29 -ir verbs Lets compare shoes… El PresenteEl Pretérito yonosotros túvosotros ell, ella, ellos, ellas ustedustedes yonosotros túvosotros él, ella, ellos, ellas ustedustedes Next

30 -ir verbs Stem Changes…continued In the SOLE or the third person forms, the following changes occur… eoeo iuiu Next

31 -ir verbs Look at SOLE verbs in action morir – to die preferípreferimos preferistepreferisteis prefirióprefirieron morímorimos moristemoristeis muriómurieron Next Now – lets see what you learned… preferir – to prefer

32 Quiz yourself – on a scrap piece of paper, write the correct forms of the following verbs. -ir verbs 1. dormir, ella 2. competir, yo 3. vivir, él 4. salir, ellos Next

33 Y ahora, vamos a hacer una prueba… Next

34 ¿Cuánto recuerdas del pretérito? Next

35 Choose the correct form of the verb in the preterite tense. If you need help, select HINT. Next Re-read tutorial Begin

36 Nosotros (alquilar) un barco por todo el día. Next alquilamos alquilemos HINT

37 Next

38 Lo siento, trátala otra vez.

39 Este mañana, yo (despertarse) a las seis. Next Me desperté Me despierté HINT

40 HINT CARD Do NOT stem change –ar verbs in the preterite tense!!!! Next

41 HINT CARD Las terminaciones: -é-amos -aste-asteis -ó-aron Next

42

43 Lo siento, trátala otra vez.

44 Yo (buscar) el perro en el parque. Next bucé busqué HINT

45 Next Remember, -car verbs have a spelling change in the yo form!

46 Next Lets move on to –er verbs!

47 HINT CARD Next -car, -gar and –zar verbs have a spelling change in the yo form! c to qu g to gu z to c

48 Ellos (aprender) la lección del pretérito. Next aprenderon aprendieron HINT

49 Next Recuerda las terminaciones! í, iste, ió, imos isteis, ieron

50 Next

51 HINT CARD Next -er endings íimos isteisteis ióieron

52 Vosotros (entender) la maestra. Next entendisteis entiendisteis HINT

53 Next Time to move on to –ir verbs!

54 Next Trátala otra vez.

55 HINT CARD Next Regular –er verbs DO NOT stem change in the preterite tense!!

56 Tú (vivir) cerca de tu abuela. Next viviste vivaste HINT

57 Next más practica

58 Next Trátala otra vez.

59 HINT CARD Next Recuerda –er and –ir verbs share the same endings in the preterite tense!

60 Ellos (preferir) Del Río más que la Casa Gonzales. Next prefirieron preferieron HINT

61 Next Great! You remembered that –ir shoe verbs are sole verbs in the preterite!

62 Next Remember SOLE verbs?

63 HINT CARD Next Stem changing –ir verbs in the present tense, become SOLE verbs in the preterite. The bottom two forms change e to i and o to u.

64 El gato (morirse) anoche. Next se morió se murió HINT

65 Next SOLE verb!

66 Next Felicitaciones! You finished the quiz. On to the next challenge!

67 HINT CARD Next Stem changing –ir verbs in the present tense, become SOLE verbs in the preterite. The bottom two forms change e to i and o to u.

68 Excelente, estudiante. You are almost halfway through learning about the preterite tense! Dont get discouraged – it is one of the more difficult tenses to master. Next If you feel ready for the next challenge… Need more review?

69 The Challenge Step #1 Define the following verbs on a separate piece of paper. anunciarescogerbeber encontrarprobarsevestirse gastarverrecibir Next

70 The Challenge Step #2 Write an original story in the preterite tense. Please write it in the form of an letter to la Señora Robey. You must use all 9 verbs you defined. Next

71 El correo electrónico: (When you send – hit the back button to return to this tutorial.) Next

72 FELICITACIONES You did it! Hope you had fun and learned something new at the same time! Start Over

73 -ar verbs How did you do? 1. hablé 2. cantaste 3. comencé 4. se acostaron 5. se probó Next

74 How did you do? -er verbs 1. bebí 2. comprendiste 3. entendieron Next

75 How did you do? -ir verbs 1. durmió 2. competí 3. vivió 4. salieron Next


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