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14.2 Nosotros/as commands ANTE TODO You have already learned familiar (tú) commands and formal (Ud./Uds.) commands. You will now learn nosotros/as commands,

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Presentación del tema: "14.2 Nosotros/as commands ANTE TODO You have already learned familiar (tú) commands and formal (Ud./Uds.) commands. You will now learn nosotros/as commands,"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 14.2 Nosotros/as commands ANTE TODO You have already learned familiar (tú) commands and formal (Ud./Uds.) commands. You will now learn nosotros/as commands, which are used to give orders or suggestions that include yourself and other people.

2 14.2 Nosotros/as commands Nosotros/as commands correspond to the English Lets. Both affirmative and negative nosotros/as commands are generally formed by using the first-person plural form of the present subjunctive. (nosotros form) Remember that the nosotros subjunctive –ar and –er get no stem changes. Nosotros subjunctive for –ir stem changing verbs get e-i or o-u. cruzar la calle = to cross the street Crucemos la calle. Lets cross the street. No crucemos la calle. Lets not cross the street.

3 14.2 Nosotros/as commands The affirmative Lets + [verb] command may also be expressed with vamos a + [infinitive]. Remember, however, that vamos a + [infinitive] can also mean we are going to (do something). Vamos a rezar. = Lets pray. / We are going to pray. Context and tone of voice determine which meaning is being expressed. Vamos a cruzar la calle. Lets cross the street. Vamos a trabajar mucho. Were going to work a lot.

4 14.2 Nosotros/as commands To express Lets go, the present indicative form of ir (vamos) is used, not the subjunctive. Vamos a la pescadería. For the negative command, however, the subjunctive is used. No vayamos a la pescadería.

5 14.2 Nosotros/as commands Object pronouns are always attached to affirmative nosotros/as commands. A written accent is added to maintain the original stress. Firmemos el cheque. Firmémoslo. Escribamos a Ana y Raúl. Escribámosles. Object pronouns are placed in front of negative nosotros/as commands. No les paguemos el préstamo. No se lo digamos a ellos.

6 14.2 Nosotros/as commands ¡ATENCIÓN! When nos or se are attached to an affirmative nosotros/as command, the final –s is dropped from the verb ending. Sentemos+nos allí= Sentémonos allí. Demos+ se+ lo a ella. = Démoselo a ella. Mandemos+ se+ lo a ellos. = Mandémoselo a ellos. The nosotros/as command form of irse (to go away) is vámonos. Its negative form is no nos vayamos.

7 14.2 Nosotros/as commands ¡INTÉNTALO! Indica los mandatos afirmativos y negativos de la primera persona del plural (nosotros/as) de los siguientes verbos. 1.estudiar ________ Estudiemos. = Lets study. No estudiemos. Lets not study. 2. cenar _________ Cenemos. = Lets eat dinner. No cenemos. = Lets not eat dinner. 3. leer __________ Leamos. = Lets read. No leamos. = Lets not read. 4. decidir _________ Decidamos. = Lets decide. No decidamos. = Lets not decide.

8 14.2 Nosotros/as commands 5. decir _________ Digamos. = Lets tell. No digamos. = Lets not tell. 6. cerrar __________ Cerremos. = Lets close. No cerremos. = Lets not close. 7. levantarse________ Levantémonos. Lets stand (get) up. No nos levantemos. = Lets not stand (get) up. 8. irse __________ Vámonos. = Lets go away/ leave. No nos vayamos. = Lets not go away/ leave.


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