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-AR Verbs in the Present Tense (Los verbos -ar en el tiempo presente)

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Presentación del tema: "-AR Verbs in the Present Tense (Los verbos -ar en el tiempo presente)"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 -AR Verbs in the Present Tense (Los verbos -ar en el tiempo presente)

2 The fundamental parts of the Spanish verb: The infinitive: The basic, unconjugated form. For example, to speak, to work, to sing, etc. The Spanish infinitive always ends in r ***DO copy this slide

3 The ending: The last two letters of the infinitive. The ending of a verb IN SPANISH has two letters: –ar, -er, or –ir. ***DO copy this slide

4 The stem (or root): Whatever is left after removing the ending from the infinitive. When we conjugate any verb we always begin with its stem. Example in ENGLISH: Infinitive: to make Ending:to make Stem/root:she makes Example in SPANISH: Infinitive: preparar Ending:preparar Stem/root:ella prepara ***DO copy this slide

5 hablar comer escribir cantar aprender leer hablar comer escribir cantar aprender leer Remember, the ending always consists of two letters salir conocer costar correr finalizar freír salir conocer costar correr finalizar freír ***DONT copy this slide***

6 The fundamental parts of the verb The infinitive: The basic, unconjugated form of the verb. estudiar The ending: The last two letters of the infinitive. The stem: What is left after taking the ending from the infinitive. -ar estudi- ***DONT copy this slide

7 Its like an easy math equation! The infinitive – the ending = the stem Lets look at some of your new vocabulary verbs: preparAR prepar- dibujAR dibuj- comER com- ***DO copy this slide

8 Were going to add to the math equation a bit…. WE STARTED WITH: The infinitive – the ending = the stem NOW WERE ADDING: The stem + the new ending = the new conjugated verb So what are the endings for –ar verbs?

9 a hablar ahbloa ah asa ahblaa hablmosa áhablisá ahblana All persons and numbers are based on the stem. Notice which vowel gets the emphasis! yo tú Ud. él ella nosotros/as vosotros/as ellos ellas Uds. ***DO copy this slide

10 trabajar aatrabjoa a jasa atrabjaa trabajmosa átrabajisá atrabjana Its stem? The emphasis?

11 buscar aubscou ub asu ubscau buscmosa ábuscisá ubscanu Its stem? The emphasis?

12 a estudiar uestdiou uestdiasu uestdiau estudimosa áestudiisá uestdianu Its stem? The emphasis?

13 Verb usage The Spanish present indicative tense has several equivalents in English. As in English, it can express present habitual actions: Estudiamos español en la universidad. We study Spanish at the university. But, unlike English, it can also express ongoing actions: En este momento estudiamos en la biblioteca. Right now were studying in the library. It can even express future actions: Esta noche estudiamos para el examen. Tonight we will study for the exam. ***DONT copy this slide

14 estudioestudiamos estudiasestudiáis estudiaestudian La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar. As in English, verb forms that refer to people that are within the conversation flip to their opposite form. ¿Qué estudias? Yo estudio matemáticas. ¿Qué estudias tú?

15 estudioestudiamos estudiasestudiáis estudiaestudian La biblioteca es un buen lugar para estudiar. Verb forms that refer to people that are outside the conversation do not change. ¿Qué estudia Juan? Él estudia filosofía.

16 ¡El fin, y ahora, PRACTIQUEMOS! Thanks to: (Accessed and adapted from the original website on 12/4/11)www.gdn.edu


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