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El Imperativo. The forms of the Imperative are the same as the present subjunctive, except for the affirmative (+) tú and vosotros forms.

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Presentación del tema: "El Imperativo. The forms of the Imperative are the same as the present subjunctive, except for the affirmative (+) tú and vosotros forms."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El Imperativo

2 The forms of the Imperative are the same as the present subjunctive, except for the affirmative (+) tú and vosotros forms.

3 Is the same as the él/ella/Ud. form of the present indicative, or the tú form without the s. Therefore, in the tú + command, the vowel you see is the same vowel that is applied in the present indicative ending. -AR ends in a; -ER/-IR ends in e.

4 HACER – Haz PONER – Pon SALIR – Sal TENER – Ten VENIR – Ven DECIR – Di IR – Ve SER – Sé

5 The commands for tú negative, Ud. + and -, UDS. + and – NOSOTROS + and -: LOOK EXACTLY LIKE PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE: Tú – (no hables) Ud. + y – (hable, no hable) Uds. + y – (hablen, no hablen) Nosotros + y – (hablemos, no hablemos)

6 Forms for the Imperative are the same in the Positve (+) and Negative (-) ¡Tome un taxi, no tome el autobús! ¡Doblen a la derecha, no doblen a la izquierda! ¡Caminemos en la acera, no caminemos en la calle!

7 TOMAR COMER ESCRIBIR Tú + Tú - Ud. Uds. Nosotros

8 TOMAR COMER ESCRIBIR Tú + TomaComeEscribe Tú - NO TOMES NO COMASNO ESCRIBAS Usted +/- TOME COMAESCRIBA Ustedes +/- TOMEN COMANESCRIBAN Nosotros+/- TOMEMOS COMAMOSESCRIBAMOS

9 For affirmative commands with reflexive verbs, the reflexive pronoun that corresponds to the subject (te, se, nos, se) is attached to the command form. When you attach the pronoun, you also need an accent, which is placed over the vowel 3 syllables from the end of the word. This is called the Triple A Procedure (AAA): Affirmative, Attach, Accent. Before attaching nos, drop the letter s Levántate; Levántese; Levántense, Levantémonos

10 The reflexive pronoun (te; se; nos; se) goes between no and the command form. Since nothing is being attached, no accent! No te levantes; no se levante; no se levanten; no nos levantemos Formula: No + pronoun + command

11 Translate to Lets + MEANING OF VERB. IRREGULAR!!!: IR Ir: + Vamos (Lets go) - No vayamos (Lets not go) Irse: Vámonos (Lets leave) No nos vayamos (Lets not leave)

12 POSITIVE ARERIR TU + A E E Usted E A A Uds. EN AN Nosotros EMOSAMOS NEGATIVE ARERIR TU -NO ES NO AS Usted _NO E NO A NO A Uds. -NO EN NO AN NO AN NosotrosNO EMOS NO AMOS

13 POSITIVE **ACCENT** ARERIR TU +ate *** ete *** ete *** Ud. +ese *** ase *** ase *** Uds. +ense *** anse *** anse *** Nosotros + émonosámonos NEGATIVE ARERIR TU -No te ES No te AS No te AS Ud. -No se E No se A Uds. -No se EN No se AN No se An Nosotr os - No nos EMOS No nos AMOS

14 Stem changes apply in commands Follow the Subjunctive for Nosotros commands: No stem change for NOSOTROS COMMANDS for –AR or -ER stem changers For –IR: in the nosotros command E – I or O – U Irregularities in the SUBJUNCTIVE will be seen in commands, EXCEPT tú +


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