La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Present Indicative and Present Progressive tenses Spanish 2- Repasos 1.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Present Indicative and Present Progressive tenses Spanish 2- Repasos 1."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Present Indicative and Present Progressive tenses Spanish 2- Repasos 1

2 Sentences in Spanish 1) Sentences in Spanish, like those in English, need a subject and verb in order to make it a full sentence. 2) The subject pronouns are: SingularPlural YoINosotros (as)we TúYou(inf.) ÉlHeEllosthey EllaSheEllasthey Usted (Ud.)You (for.)Ustedes (Uds.)y'all 3) Unlike English, subject pronouns are OPTIONAL in Spanish. Ella canta bien.ORCanta bien. 2

3 4) To negate a sentence, add the word "no" before the verb in the sentence. Ellos no nadan en el río. 5) Why 2 ways to say "you"? *Tú is informal, used with friends and family. *Ud. is formal, used for older people or those you dont know well to show respect. 6) Uds. is used when you want to talk to a group of people. It can be used formally or informally, except in Spain where Vosotros is the informal you plural and Uds. is the formal you plural. 3

4 Present Tense (Indicative) The present tense talks about what is happening now at present, happens generally, and what is general fact. Ella juega fútbol. (She plays soccer.)Texas es grande. (Texas is big.) 1) Formation of Regular -AR Verbs Endings:Yo-oNosotros-amos Tú -as Él-aEllos-an Ella-aEllas-an Ud-a Uds-an Example: Bailar (to dance) YobailoNosotrosbailamos Túbailas Él, Ella, UdbailaEllos, Ellas, Udsbailan Examples of other regular -ar verbs are lavar, cantar, hablar, sacar, tomar, llegar, llevar, necesitar, etc. 4

5 Regular -ER and -IR verbs 2) Regular -ER Verbs Endings: Yo-oNosotros-emos Tú -es Él-eEllos-en Ella-eEllas-en Ud-e Uds-en Example: Comer (to eat) YocomoNosotroscomemos Túcomes Él, Ella, UdcomeEllos, Ellas, Udscomen Other regular -er verbs are aprender, leer, comprender, correr, etc. 5

6 3) Regular -IR Verbs Endings: Yo-oNosotros-imos Tú -es Él-eEllos-en Ella-eEllas-en Ud-e Uds-en Example: Vivir (to live) YovivoNosotrosvivimos Túvives Él, Ella, UdviveEllos, Ellas, Udsviven Other regular -ir verbs are subir, escribir, repartir, abrir, asistir, etc. *How can you tell which are regular verbs and which are irregular verbs? -There is no magic solution. You have to study and memorize which are which. 6

7 Some Irregular verbs are: Venir (to come) YovengoNosotrosvenimos Túvienes ÉlEllos EllavieneEllasvienen UdUds Tener (to have) YotengoNosotrostenemos Tútienes ÉlEllos EllatieneEllastienen UdUds *These changes apply for any verb with the above verbs in the body. For example: detener, obtener, intervenir, etc. 7

8 Irregular Present Tense Verbs The Present Tense has regular verbs, stem-changing verbs, "yo" changers, spelling changers, and completely irregular verbs (meaning they follow no set pattern so they have to be memorized.) 8

9 Stem-Changing Present Tense Verbs There are 3 classes of stem-changing verbs in the present tense. They are called "stem" changing because the endings remain the same as regular present tense verbs while the body of the verbs experiences a change in all forms except the nosotros. These are sometimes called the "boot" or shoe verbs. *Remember, you must learn which verb make which change. There is no "trick" to know. *These verbs take REGULAR endings! 9

10 E-IE Querer (to want or love) YoquieroNosotrosqueremos Túquieres ÉlEllos EllaquiereEllasquieren UdUds Other verbs that have the E-IE change are: Cerrar(to close)Perder(to lose) Despertar (to wake up)Empezar(to start) Pensar(to think)Sentar(to sit) Entender(to understand)Preferir(to prefer) Divertir(se)(to have fun)Mentir(to lie) Sentir(to feel) 10

11 O-UE O-UE Dormir (to sleep) YoduermoNosotrosdormimos Túduermes ÉlEllos ElladuermeEllasduermen UdUds Other verbs that have the O-UE change are: Contar(to count/tell)Volver (to return) Acostarse(to go to bed)Costar(to cost) Recordar(to remember)Jugar(to play) Encontrar(to find)Volar(to fly) Llover(to rain)morir(to die) Poder(to be able to, "can") 11

12 E-I Pedir (to ask for) YopidoNosotrospedimos Túpides ÉlEllos EllapideEllaspiden UdUds Other verbs that have the E-I change are: Repetir(to repeat)reír(se)(to laugh) Despedir(se)(to say goodbye)Seguir(to follow) Servir(to serve)Sonreír(to smile) Vestir(se)(to get dressed) 12

13 Practice 1) (comprender)La profesora __________ griego. 2) (subir)Ellos ____________ las escaleras. 3) (aprender)Yo _________ mucho en la escuela. 4) (leer)Nosotros _____ en la biblioteca. 5) (correr)?____________ (tú) todos los días? 6)(escribir) Uds._________ en sus cuadernos. 7) (comer) Luis__________ en el restaurante. 8) (abrir)Nosotros ________ los regalos. 13

14 More practice Conjugate in the present tense 1.Mi hijo (querer) _____coleccionar insectos. 2.Tú y yo (sentirse)_____ muy estresados hoy. 3.Ana no (acostarse) _______nunca sin cenar. 4.Las niñitas (jugar) ______a las muñecas. 5.Roberto (perder)____ el autobús con frecuencia. 6.Elisa y yo (pedir)______ comida rápida a veces. 7.El bebé (dormir) _______en el carricoche.

15 Even more practice 8. Yo (morirse)________ de pánico en un avión. 9. ¿Quién (poder) _________hablar gallego? 10. Uds. (preferir)__________ comer pan duro. 11.Nadie (recordar) _____________la fecha. 12. Ellos (probar)____________ la comida cubana. 13. Uds. (almorzar) _________a las dos en España. 14. Mi madre (medir)__________ los ingredientes. 15. El turista (volver)___________ a su país.

16 Stop here for repasos C-D 16

17 "YO" Changers in the Present Tense The following verbs only have an irregularity in the "yo" form. All forms other than "yo" follow regular present tense endings/rules with no spelling irregularities. They can be divided into 3 categories: Z,G, and Extras. 17

18 Z (vowel + -cer or –cir) Conocer (to know someone) YoconozcoNosotros conocemos Túconoces ÉlEllos EllaconoceEllasconocen UdUds *Other verbs that have the Z change are: VerbMeaningYo form 1. AgradecerTo appreciateAgradezco 2. AparecerTo appearAparezco 3. CrecerTo growCrezco 4. MerecerTo deserveMerezco 5. ObedecerTo obeyObedezco 6. TraducirTo translateTraduzco 18

19 G Hacer (to do/make) YohagoNosotroshacemos Túhaces ÉlEllos EllahaceEllashacen UdUds *Other verbs that have the G change are: VerbMeaningYo Form 1. Caer(se)To fallCaigo 2. PonerTo putPongo 3. SalirTo leave/go outSalgo 4. TraerTo bringTraigo 5. ValerTo have worthValgo 6. DecirTo sayDigo 19

20 Yo Extras Ver (to see) YoveoNosotrosvemos Túves ÉlEllos EllaveEllasven UdUds Dar (to give) YodoyNosotrosdamos Túdas ÉlEllos ElladaEllasdan UdUds Saber (to know something) YoséNosotrossabemos Túsabes ÉlEllos EllasabeEllassaben UdUds 20

21 The completely Irregular Present Tense verbs are: Venir (to come) YovengoNosotrosvenimos Túvienes ÉlEllos EllavieneEllasvienen UdUds Tener (to have) YotengoNosotrostenemos Tútienes ÉlEllos EllatieneEllastienen UdUds *These changes apply for any verb with the above verbs in the body. For example: detener, obtener, intervenir, etc. 21

22 Decir (to say) YodigoNosotrosdecimos Túdices ÉlEllos ElladiceEllasdicen UdUds Ir (to go) YovoyNosotrosvamos Túvas ÉlEllos EllavaEllasvan UdUds 22

23 Estar (to be) YoestoyNosotrosestamos Túestás ÉlEllos EllaestáEllasestán UdUds Ser (to be) YosoyNosotrossomos Túeres ÉlEllos EllaesEllasson UdUds Oír (to hear) YooigoNosotrosoímos Túoyes ÉlEllos EllaoyeEllasoyen UdUds 23

24 Spelling Changes in the Present Tense 1. Verbs ending in -UIR The verbs ending in –uir (except –guir), a y is inserted after the u in all forms except those for nosotros and vosotros. Example: Huir (to flee) Yo huyoNosotros huimos Tú huyesX Él, ella, Ud huyeEllos, ellas,Uds. huyen 24

25 Other verbs that have the same change: Concluir = to conclude, end Construir = to construct Contribuir = to contribute Destruir = to destroy Distribuir = to distribute Incluir = to include Influir = to influence Sustituir = to substitute 25

26 2. Verbs ending in –iar and - uar Some verbs ending in –iar or –uar stress the i or the u (í, ú) in all forms except those for nosotros and vosotros. Example: Enviar (to send) Other verbs with that change: Confiar (en ) = to rely on, to confide in Espiar = to spy Fiarse (de) = to trust Guiar = to guide Resfriarse = to catch a cold Variar = to vary Yo envíoNosotros enviamos Tú envíasX Él, ella, Ud envíaEllos,ellas,Uds. envían 26

27 Example: Continuar (to continue) Other verbs with that change: Actuar = to act Graduarse = to graduate Yo continúoNosotros continuamos Tú continúasX Él, ella, Ud continúaEllos,ellas,Uds. continúan 27

28 3. Verbs ending in –ger or -gir In verbs ending in –ger or –gir, the g changes to a j before the letters o and a. Example: Dirigir (to direct) Other verbs with the same change: Afligir = to afflict, to grieve Coger = to seize, to grasp, to catch Escoger = to choose, to select Exigir = to demand, to require Fingir = to pretend Proteger = to protect Recoger = to gather, to pick up Yo dirijoNosotros dirigimos Tú dirigesX Él, ella, Ud dirigeEllos,ellas,Uds. dirigen 28

29 4. Verbs ending in -guir In the verbs ending in –guir, the gu changes to g before the letters o or a. Example: Distinguir (to distinguish) Verbs that have the same change: Extinguir = to extinguish Yo distingoNosotros distinguimos Tú distinguesX Él, ella, Ud distingueEllos,ellas,Uds. distinguen 29

30 Note: some verbs with spelling changes also have stem changes *Corregir = to correct Corrijo, corriges, corrige, corregimos, corrigen Verbs with the same change: elegir ( to elect, choose) *Seguir = to follow or continue Sigo, sigues, sigue, seguimos, siguen Verbs with the same change: Conseguir = to get, to obtain, to succeed in Perseguir – to pursue, to persecute Proseguir = to continue, to proceed 30

31 Practice 1 1) (enseñar)La profesora _____________ clase. 2) (bailar)Ellos ____________ todos los días. 3) (lavar)Yo no _________ mi coche mucho. 4) (cantar)Nosotros no ___________ en clase. 5) (sacar)¿_____________ (tú) buenas notas? 6) (necesitar) Uds.______ comprar un cuaderno. 7) (comprar) Luis___________ zapatos nuevos. 8) (tomar)Tú_________ el autobús, ¿verdad? 9) (estudiar) Los chicos_______ mucho en casa. 10) (llegar)Nosotros no _______ tarde a clase. 31

32 Practice 3 Complete the dialog with the appropriate present tense form of verb in parenthesis. Can you translate the sentences into English? -¿Qué __________ (decir) la profesora? Yo no________ (oír) nada desde aquí. -Yo tampoco. Yo ________ (ir) a sentarme allí. Sus conferencias siempre __________ (entretener) mucho. ¿________(venir) conmigo? 32

33 Continued… -Sí, claro. Mis amigos ___________ (decir) que cuando ellos __________ (estar) en su clase, nunca se aburren. -Oye, _________ (venir) muchas personas. -Yo___________(tener) que encontrarme con Mateo. Nosotros _________ (ir) a la piscina después de la conferencia. -De acuerdo. Aquí nosotros _______ (estar) cerca de la puerta y también ________ (oír) todo lo que ella ________ (decir). 33

34 Present Progressive Progressive tenses are compound tenses. They consist of a verb or motion and a gerund (present participle). These tenses talk about events that are in motion, in progress or continuing. Step 1: Forming Gerunds/Present Participles (Remember, once formed, the same gerund is used for every subject, regular or irregular.) 34

35 REGULAR gerunds The formation of IRREGULAR gerunds. A) The verbs "Ir" and "Oír" and verbs that end in - aer, -eer, and -uir have gerunds ending in -yendo. Ir-YendoTraer-trayendo Oír-OyendoLeer-Leyendo Construir-Construyendo -AR verbs take -ando -ER and –IR verbs take -iendo Ex: cantar=cantandoEx: comer=comiendo Vivir=viviendo 35

36 B) Stem-changing –ar and –er verbs do not have a stem change in the gerund: Jugar-jugandovolver- volviendo C) Stem changing –ir verbs have the following stem change in the gerund (OR you can think of it as Preterite Chancla verbs have the same spelling changes in the gerund.) -e to i-o to u Pedir-PidiendoDormir-Durmiendo D) Ones to memorize Venir-Viniendo Decir-Diciendo Poder-Pudiendo Reír-Riendo 36

37 Practice (Present Progressive) Complete with the present progressive. 1. El niño (escuchar) _____________________el reloj cucú. 2. Los atletas (recibir)_____________________ otro trofeo. 3. Yo (ponerse)________________________ unas sandalias. 4. Julio y yo (hacer)_______________________ un lío aquí. 5. Los bebés (dormir)___________________ tranquilamente. 6. ¡Tú (despertarse)_____________________ tempranísimo! 7. El turista (buscar)________________________ su pasaporte. 8. El testigo (decir)_______________________ más mentiras. 9. Nosotros (volver)___________________ de las vacaciones. 10. Yo (divertirse)___________________ mucho en la playa. 37

38 Tarea 38


Descargar ppt "Present Indicative and Present Progressive tenses Spanish 2- Repasos 1."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google