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Stem-changing verbs pp. 231, 257, 274. Differ from regular verbs because of a stem-change when conjugated, –but stem-change is consistent, and regular.

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Presentación del tema: "Stem-changing verbs pp. 231, 257, 274. Differ from regular verbs because of a stem-change when conjugated, –but stem-change is consistent, and regular."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Stem-changing verbs pp. 231, 257, 274

2 Differ from regular verbs because of a stem-change when conjugated, –but stem-change is consistent, and regular endings still apply. –SO, is not irregular.

3 Stem-change occurs in all singular forms and 3 rd person plural boot verbs YoNosotros TúTúVosotros ÉlEllos

4 4 types of stem-changing verbs in present tense e ie e i o ue u ue

5 Some common stem- changing verbs not a comprehensive list

6 e ie pensar (ie) cerrar (ie) empezar (ie) encender (ie) preferir (ie) querer (ie) sentir (ie) nevar (ie)

7 pensar (ie) = to think PiensoPensamos PiensasPensáis PiensaPiensan

8 If more than one e in stem, 2 nd e in the stem, changes. Or... an e in prefix never changes empezar empiez2 nd e changes preferir prefiere in prefix doesnt repetir repit querer quieronly 1 e in stem

9 preferir (ie) = to prefer PrefieroPreferimos PrefieresPreferís PrefierePrefieren

10 e i pedir (i) repetir (i) RepitoRepetimos RepitesRepetís RepiteRepiten

11 o ue poder (ue) costar (ue) recordar (ue) volver (ue) llover (ue) dormir (ue) DuermoDormimos DuermesDormís DuermeDuermen

12 u ue jugar (ue) JuegoJugamos JuegasJugáis JuegaJuegan

13 Stem-changing verbs in the present progressive

14 -ir stem-changing verbs take off –ir ending change e i or o u add –iendo to end

15 servir sirviendo pedir pidiendo decir diciendo dormir durmiendo morir muriendo seguir siguiendo venir viniendo poder pudiendo

16 Notes about usage of some common stem- changing verbs

17 Notes about pensar pensar + infinitive = plan/intend to –Pienso ir a Venezuela. –I plan to go to Venezuela. pensar + de = to ask for an opinion –¿Qué piensas de los platos nuevos? –What do you think of the new plates?

18 pensar + que = express opinions/thoughts –Pienso que son bonitos. –I think that they are pretty. pensar + en = about whom/what someone is thinking –Pienso en mi tarea. –I am thinking about my homework.

19 Notes about empezar empezar is followed by the preposition a when followed by an infinitive –Empiezo a estudiar. I am beginning to study. –Empiezo el libro. I am starting the book. –Empiezo a leer el libro. I am starting to read the book.

20 Notes about pedir Pedir permiso para = –to ask permission to do something Pedir perdón = –to excuse self or ask for forgiveness Pedir prestado/a = –to ask for a loan or to borrow something

21 Pedir vs Preguntar Pedir = –to ask for, to request, to order (in a restaurant) Preguntar = –to ask (a question) –similar to hacer una pregunta


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