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Warm up 2. SER o ESTAR 1. Yo _______ enferma esta mañana. 2. Miguel y yo ________muchachos muy guapos. 3. La profesora _______ de Philadelphia. 4. ______.

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Presentación del tema: "Warm up 2. SER o ESTAR 1. Yo _______ enferma esta mañana. 2. Miguel y yo ________muchachos muy guapos. 3. La profesora _______ de Philadelphia. 4. ______."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Warm up 2. SER o ESTAR 1. Yo _______ enferma esta mañana. 2. Miguel y yo ________muchachos muy guapos. 3. La profesora _______ de Philadelphia. 4. ______ las cinco y media de la noche. 5. Ahora, nosotros _______ en la escuela.

2 Los Gerundios Gerunds and the Present Progressive Tense

3 The Gerund form of a verb is not really a conjugation at all. There is not a different form for each person or point of view. In fact, there is only one gerund of each verb, just like there is in English. The Gerund form of a verb is not really a conjugation at all. There is not a different form for each person or point of view. In fact, there is only one gerund of each verb, just like there is in English.

4 In English, we use the suffix -ing to indicate that an action is taking place now. Verbs ending in -ing are called gerunds. Gerundios … -ing verbs Running Listening Talking Playing Laughing Crying

5 Forming the Gerund in Spanish is almost as easy as it is in English. For –AR verbs such as habl Drop off the –ar ending And add -ando Gerundios … -ing verbs ar

6 Forming the Gerund in Spanish is almost as easy as it is in English. For –AR verbs such as habl Drop off the –ar ending And add -ando Gerundios … -ing verbs ando

7 So the gerundio of Tomar would be Caminar would be Bailar would be And Cantar would be Tomando Caminando Bailando Cantando

8 For –ER and -IR verbs such as com and viv Drop off the –er or -ir ending And add -iendo Gerundios … -ing verbs er ir

9 Gerundios … -ing verbs Bradley Cooper está corriendo

10 Beber would be Escribir would be And Asistir would be Bebiendo Escribiendo Asistiendo

11 Now lets look at some examples of these verbs actually being used in real Spanish.

12 I am talking. I am talking. They are talking. They are talking. We were talking. We were talking. Charlie is talking. Charlie is talking. ¡Ojo! The verb talking never changes! What are the conjugated verbs in these sentences? Gerundios … -ing verbs

13 Thats right… the verb to be. Thats right… the verb to be. Remember that there are 2 verbs with mean to be in Spanish. When do you use each one? Remember that there are 2 verbs with mean to be in Spanish. When do you use each one?

14 Ser vs Estar EstarSer ConditionCharacteristic LocationOrigin/nationality/ Progressive religion/profession Time/Date (Basically…everything else.)

15 The Progressive Tense This is the Progressive Tense! This is the Progressive Tense! –I am talking. –She is running. –We are sitting. –It is raining. –It is snowing. All of these actions are going on right now… so we refer to them as Progressive: We emphasize the fact that they are progressing or going on right now.

16 The Progressive Tense So, you will always use Estar with Gerunds. The construction looks like this: Subj. + [Estar + Conj.] + [Verb + Gerund] I amtalking. Yo estoyhablando.

17 Yo estoy esquiando. I am skiing. Carlos está bebiendo jugo. Carlos is drinking juice. Nosotros estamos viviendo en Florida ahora. We are living in Florida now.

18 ¿Cómo se dice…? Otros ejemplos in Español.

19 1. Andrés is playing the guitar. Andrés está tocando la guitarra. 2. Andrés and I are studying Spanish. Andrés y yo estamos estudiando español. 3. Andrea and María are playing tenis. Andrea y María están jugando al tenis. 4. Are you writing a letter? ¿Estás escribiendo una carta? 5. My friends are running along the beach. Mis amigos están corriendo por la playa.

20 6. It is raining. Está lloviendo. 7. It is snowing. Está nevando. 8. I am attending a Spanish class. Yo estoy asistiendo una clase de español. 9. Are you understanding? (entender/ comprender) ¿Estás entendiendo? ¿Estás comprendiendo?

21 The Progressive Tense Remember that the Progressive Tense is used to EMPHASIZE the fact that the action is happening at this moment. Remember that the Progressive Tense is used to EMPHASIZE the fact that the action is happening at this moment. In Spanish, you can still use the regular present tense to say that something happens or is happening now. In Spanish, you can still use the regular present tense to say that something happens or is happening now. Remember llueve and está lloviendo? Remember llueve and está lloviendo? –Both mean It is raining, but está lloviendo simply emphasizes the fact that it is taking place right now.

22 The Progressive Tense ¿Qué significa…? Yo hablo. I talk. I am talking. Yo estoy hablando. I am talking (right now).

23 Gerundios – Stem Changers A few gerunds have a stem change. **To form the present participle of -ir stem changing verbs, change o u and e i in the stem, and then add -iendo to the stem of the verb. pedir e idormir o u pidiendodurmiendo

24 Otros irregulares servir: sirviendo pedir: pidiendo decir: diciendo servir: sirviendo pedir: pidiendo decir: diciendo dormir: durmiendo morir: muriendo poder: pudiendo dormir: durmiendo morir: muriendo poder: pudiendo

25 Sometimes when forming the present participle it is necessary to change the spelling of a word so that it agrees with the way it is pronounced. Here are some common examples: Sometimes when forming the present participle it is necessary to change the spelling of a word so that it agrees with the way it is pronounced. Here are some common examples: caer: cayendo creer: creyendo huir: huyendo (to flee) ir: yendo influir: influyendo oír: oyendo traer: trayendo leer: leyendo seguir: siguiendo caer: cayendo creer: creyendo huir: huyendo (to flee) ir: yendo influir: influyendo oír: oyendo traer: trayendo leer: leyendo seguir: siguiendo

26 Gerundios If a verb ends in (se), form the gerund regularly, then put the –se back on the end and put an accent over the If a verb ends in (se), form the gerund regularly, then put the –se back on the end and put an accent over the –ándo or –iéndo.

27 Gerundios maquillar(se)maquillándosecepillar(se)cepillándoselavar(se)lavándose


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