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El pretérito The preterite tense is used to refer to actions that occurred at a fixed point in time. If the action is in the past, and you can determine.

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Presentación del tema: "El pretérito The preterite tense is used to refer to actions that occurred at a fixed point in time. If the action is in the past, and you can determine."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El pretérito The preterite tense is used to refer to actions that occurred at a fixed point in time. If the action is in the past, and you can determine precisely when it occurred or how many times it occurred then you will use the preterite. Ex. Last night, I bought new socks. Anoche, compré calcetines nuevos.

2 Palabras importantes en el pretérito Ayer- Yesterday Ayer por la mañana- Yesterday morning Anoche- Last night El año pasado- Last year El mes pasado- Last month El otro día- The other day El fin de semana pasado- Last weekend La semana pasada- Last week

3 Los fines de verbos de -ar Present tense Past tense Yo- o Yo- é Tú- as Tú- aste Él- a Él- ó Nosotros- amos Vosotros- áis Vosotros- asteis Ellas- an Ellas- aron

4 El Presente y el pretérito de verbos regulares de -ar 1)Just like the present tense the past tense(pretérito) takes the infinitive and drops the –ar ending hablar habl__ 2)After determining what ending is needed it can be added to the stem. Habl + é

5 Práctica con el pretérito Conjugate the verb bailar in the present tense and the past tense Present Past Bailo- I dance Bailas- you dance Baila- he dances Bailamos- we dance Bailáis-you all dance Bailan- they dance Bailé- I danced Bailaste- you danced Bailó- he danced Bailamos- we danced Bailasteis- you all danced Bailaron- they danced

6 Más práctica Conjugate the verb estudiar in the present and past tense. Present Past Yo estudio Tú estudias Ella estudia Nosotros estudiamos Vosotros estudiáis Ustedes estudian Yo estudié Tú estudiaste Ella estudió Nosotros estudiamos Vosotros estudiasteis Ustedes estudiaron

7 Los verbos irregulares de –ar en el pretérito 1)The –ar verbs ending in –gar, -car, -zar have an irregular spell change in the yo form. 2)The verbs ending in –car change to –qué in the yo form only. For example: marcar marqué, sacar saqué, tocar toqué. 3)In these forms, what letter is missing? C

8 4)The verbs ending in –gar change to –gué in the yo form only. For example: llegar llegué, jugar jugué Note: there are no stem changes in the preterite. 5) The verbs ending in –zar change to –cé in the yo form only. For example: empezar empecé, comenzar comencé Note: Both of these verbs are stem changing in the present tense BUT not in the preterite also these spell changes only occur in the YO form.

9 Una Práctica 1. I called you twice (dos veces) last night. 2. I played the piano in the concert last month. 3. Last weekend, I bought the shirt at the mall. 4. You needed to speak with Anita. 5. Mrs. Neumann prepared the lesson. 6. She sang well yesterday. 7. We celebrated (celebrar) the new year. 8. How much did you pay? 9. I paid three hundred dollars. 10. I looked for a red dress. 11. Last Saturday, He watched a movie. 12. They bought the book at the book store. 13. I started to study yesterday.

10 Las Respuestas I called you twice last night. Yo te llamé dos veces anoche.

11 #2 I played the piano in the concert last month. Yo toqué el piano en el concierto el mes pasado.

12 #3 Last weekend I bought the shirt at the mall. El fin de semana pasada, yo compré la camisa en el centro comercial.

13 #4 You needed to speak with Anita. Tú necesitaste hablar con Anita.

14 #5 Mrs. Neumann prepared the lesson. Señora Neumann preparó la lección.

15 #6 She sang well yesterday. Ella cantó bien ayer.

16 #7 We celebrated the New Year.

17 #8 and 9 How much did you pay? I paid 300 dollars.

18 #10 I looked for a red dress.

19 #11 Last Saturday, he watched a movie.

20 #12 They bought the book at the book store.

21 #13 I started to study last night.


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