La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

El Subjuntivo Part 1 de 2. La Primera Pregunta ¿Qué es el subjuntivo? When a person wants, suggests or demands that someone else do something, you use.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "El Subjuntivo Part 1 de 2. La Primera Pregunta ¿Qué es el subjuntivo? When a person wants, suggests or demands that someone else do something, you use."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El Subjuntivo Part 1 de 2

2 La Primera Pregunta ¿Qué es el subjuntivo? When a person wants, suggests or demands that someone else do something, you use the subjunctive mood. Each sentence will have two parts: Main clause (present tense) + que + subordinate clause (subjunctive) (The subordinate clause must have a new subject!) 1

3 The Formation How do you form the subjunctive: How do you form the subjunctive: 1. Take the yo form in the present tense. 1. Take the yo form in the present tense. 2. Drop the -o. 2. Drop the -o. 3. For –ar verbs add -e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en 3. For –ar verbs add -e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en For –er/-ir verbs add –a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an For –er/-ir verbs add –a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an ***Always go to the yo form first!!! ** Notice the yo and él,ella, Ud. forms both have the same ending in the subjunctive.** 2

4 We like to use this rhyme to help remember how to form the subjunctive: We like to use this rhyme to help remember how to form the subjunctive: Forma de yo Corta la o Opposite endings.

5 Opposite Endings -e-emos -es-éis -e-en-a-amos-as-áis -a-an -AR Verbs-ER / -IR Verbs

6 El presente subjuntivo -arhablar-er comer comer-ir escribir escribir Yo hable coma escriba Tú hables comas escribas Él, ella, Ud. hable coma escriba Nosotros hablemos comamos escribamos Vosotros habléis comáis escribáis Ellos,ellas, Uds. hablen coman escriban 3

7 El subjuntivo –Remember that you have to change the spelling for some verbs to keep the pronunciation the same. Buscar = busque Buscar = busque Pagar = pague Pagar = pague Cruzar = cruce Cruzar = cruce Recoger = recoja Recoger = recoja **There is NO accent mark on the yo form on the –car and –gar verbs. That is the past tense!! **The spelling change stays the same in all forms!! Ex: busque busquemos busques busquéis busques busquéis busque busquen busque busquen 4

8 Los irregulares de yo Youll have to remember your verbs with irregular yo forms in the present tense – thats your starting point for forming the subjunctive: Youll have to remember your verbs with irregular yo forms in the present tense – thats your starting point for forming the subjunctive: Refresh your memory on these: Refresh your memory on these: 5

9 Caer - caigo Caer - caigo Decir – digo conducir - conduzco Decir – digo conducir - conduzco Hacer – hago conocer - conozco Hacer – hago conocer - conozco Oír – oigo traducir - traduzco Oír – oigo traducir - traduzco Poner – pongo Poner – pongo Tener – tengo construir – construyo Tener – tengo construir – construyo Traer – traigo incluir - incluyo Traer – traigo incluir - incluyo Salir – salgo influir - influyo Salir – salgo influir - influyo Valer – valgo caber - quepo Valer – valgo caber - quepo Venir – vengo Venir – vengo

10 Caer- to fall (caigo)Oír- to hear (oigo) caiga caigamosoiga oigamos caigas caigáisoigas oigáis caiga caigan oigaoigan Poner- to put (pongo) Ofrecer- to offer (ofrezco) pongapongamosofrezcaofrezcamos pongaspongáisofrezcasofrezcáis pongaponganofrezcaofrezcan 6

11 Stem-Changing Verbs in the present subjunctive When you use the present subjunctive of -ar and -er stem-changing verbs, remember to make the same changes as in the present indicative. When you use the present subjunctive of -ar and -er stem-changing verbs, remember to make the same changes as in the present indicative. cerrar-to closevolver-to return cerrar-to closevolver-to return cierre cerremos vuelva volvamos cierres cerréisvuelvas volváis cierre cierrenvuelva vuelvan Now, try to conjugate these verbs in your notebook: empezar and contar (remember, go to the yo form first!) Now, try to conjugate these verbs in your notebook: empezar and contar (remember, go to the yo form first!) 7

12 Empezar-to begin (empiezo) Empezar-to begin (empiezo) empieceempecemos empieceempecemos empiecesempecéis empiecesempecéis empieceempiecen empieceempiecen Contar- to count/tell (cuento) Contar- to count/tell (cuento) cuentecontemos cuentescontéis cuentecuenten 8

13 -IR Stem-Changers in the subjunctive -ir stem-changers change differently. -ir stem-changers change differently. e-ie verbs use the ie except in the nosotros and vosotros forms. They use i instead. Mentir-to lie Mentir-to lie mienta mintamos mientas mintáis mienta mientan Verbs like this: divertirse,preferir,requerir, sugerir o-ue verbs use the ue except for the nosotros and vosotros forms. They use u instead. o-ue verbs use the ue except for the nosotros and vosotros forms. They use u instead. Dormir-to sleep Dormir-to sleep duerma durmamos duermas durmáis duerma duerman Verbs like this: morir 9

14 -IR Stem-Changers Cont. There are one last group of –ir stem-changers, e- i. The stem changes from e-i in all forms in the subjunctive. There are one last group of –ir stem-changers, e- i. The stem changes from e-i in all forms in the subjunctive. Pedir-to ask for, to order Pedir-to ask for, to order pida pidamos pidas pidáis pida pidan Otros verbos como esto: Otros verbos como esto: servir-to serve servir-to serve competir-to compete despedirse-to say goodbye reírse-to laugh repetir-to repeat seguir-to follow, to continue sonreírse-to smile vestirse-to dress ones self Choose three and try them in your notebook. 10

15 Los irregulares del presente subjuntivo (DISHES) darirsaberhaberestarser dévayasepaestésea desvayassepasestésseas dévayasepahayaestésea demosvayamossepamosestemosseamos deisvayáissepáisestéisseáis denvayansepanesténsean 11


Descargar ppt "El Subjuntivo Part 1 de 2. La Primera Pregunta ¿Qué es el subjuntivo? When a person wants, suggests or demands that someone else do something, you use."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google