2MANDATOS When you ask someone to do something, you basically say: YOU, DO THIS!(or at least think of it this way in Spanish.)So, one needs to figure out who is the YOU.
3MANDATOSWhen you talk to a stranger, an adult, or a person who commands some respect,use USTED.When you talk to a friend, sibling, parent, person younger than you, or anyone with whom you are on a first-name-basis, etc.,use TÚ.When you are talking to two or more people,use USTEDES.
4MANDATOSUSTEDTake the (present-tense) yo-form of the verb, drop the –o, and add:-e (if it was originally an –ar verb.)-a (if it was originally an –er/-ir verb.)Hint: this is when Sra. S. does the CLICK sound, and twists her fingers!
5MANDATOS USTED examples: You, speak! Hable (Ud.) You, eat! Coma (Ud.) You, write! Escriba (Ud.)Sometimes the YO-form looks & is irregular:-pongo → ponga-digo → diga-conozco → conozca
9MANDATOSTÚTake the (present-tense) él/ella-form of the verb, and use it!You, eat! Come (tú).You, sleep! Duerme (tú).You, talk! Habla (tú).
10MANDATOS - TÚ There are 8 irregular tú-commands to memorize! Say! Tell! Di…Do! Haz…Go! Ve…Put! Pon…Leave! Sal…Be! Sé…Have…! Ten…Come! Ven…
11MANDATOS - Negativo Sometimes you will tell someone: DON’T! If you are talking to UD.:put NO in front of the command.Don’t eat! Sr., ¡no coma!If you are talking to TÚ:put NO then (Ud. command + s)Don’t eat! Paco, ¡no comas!
12MANDATOS -Since we are working with recetas de la cocina, you will have to be familiar with the verbs!echaragregarañadirverter (vierta…)remover (remueva…)calentar (caliente…)