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MIGUEL DE UNAMUNO 1864-1936 Picture 1 Miguel de Unamuno was born in Bilbao, a port city of Spain. Picture 2.

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Presentación del tema: "MIGUEL DE UNAMUNO 1864-1936 Picture 1 Miguel de Unamuno was born in Bilbao, a port city of Spain. Picture 2."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1

2 MIGUEL DE UNAMUNO Picture 1

3 Miguel de Unamuno was born in Bilbao, a port city of Spain. Picture 2

4 HIS WRITING He was a Spanish essayist, novelist, poet, playwright and philosopher of the Generation of 98. Fiction - Niebla (Mist) (1914) - Vida de Don Quijote y Sancho (usually translated into English as Our Lord Don Quixote) (1914) Poetry -Poesías (Poems) (1907) -El Cristo de Velázquez (The Christ of Velázquez) (1920) -Andanzas y visiones españolas (1922) A kind of travel book around Andalusia region.

5 HIS WRITING Philosophy -En torno al casticismo ( The Castilian area) (1895), series of essays, in which he attempted to define Spain's character and its collective psychology. -Sentimiento (The Tragic Sense of Life) -Por tierras de España y Portugal (Around Spanish and Portuguese soil) where he also supported the Iberian Federalism. Drama (individual spirituality and faith) -La esfinge (The Sphinx) (1898), -La verdad (Truth) (1899).

6 HIS ROLE IN THE INTELLECTUAL LIFE OF SPAIN He served as rector of the University of Salamanca for two periods. Removed from his two university chairs by the dictator General Miguel Primo de Rivera in In exile until 1930 (Fuerteventura-France) After the fall of General Primo de Rivera's dictatorship in 1930, he returned and took up his rectorship again. Unamuno gradually became convinced of the universal values of Spanish culture.

7 THE LOVE FOR HIS COUNTRY In prose: En torno al casticismo ( The Castilian area) and in verse: Castilla/Castile Casticismo comes from Castilla. Why Castile represents the soul of Spain? Because it´s a Spanish historical region which is the result of a gradual merge of the State of Spain. Picture 3

8 The Castilian area Miles and more deserted miles are gone across at times, without hardly making out any other thing but the endless meadow where the wheat turns green and the remains goes yellow; some monotonous procession of brownish grey or perennial green holm oaks, which go slowly spaced, or old pines raising their uniform heads. From time to time, on the bank of some half dry pool or clear river, some few poplars get strong and deep life in the infinite solitude. These poplars usually hearld the man:There is a sun-dried brick village streched out in the meadow,

9 tanned by the sun and toughen by the ice, portratying the shape of its bell tower in the blue sky. There is sometimes the spine of the range in the background and, approaching to it, no rounded mountains with shape of millet; fresh and green, full of trees where the yellow flower of thorny broom and the red of the heather touch the defeated fern. They are foothills and harsh cliffs sorrunded by rough parts, irregular hills that lay bare the layers of the thirsty craked land, covered at the most by old weed, where the rough thistle and the naked fragant broom are the only life plants.

10 En torno al Casticismo Recórranse a las veces leguas y más leguas desiertas, sin divisar apenas más que la llanura inacabable donde verdea el trigo o amarillea el rastrojo, alguna procesión monótona y grave de pardas encinas, de verde severo y perenne, que pasan lentamente espaciadas, o de tristes pinos que levantan sus cabezas uniformes. De cuando en cuando, a la orilla de algún pobre regato medio seco o de un río claro, unos pocos álamos, que en la soledad infinita adquieren vida intensa y profunda.

11 De ordinario anuncian estos álamos al hombre: hay por allí algún pueblo, tendido en la llanura al sol, tostado por este y curtido por el hielo, de adobes muy a menudo, dibujando en el azul del cielo la silueta de su campanario. En el fondo se ve muchas veces el espinazo de la sierra y, al acercarse a ella, no montañas redondas en forma de borona, verdes y frescas, cuajadas de arbolado, donde salpiquen al vencido helecho la flor amarilla de la árgoma y la roja del brezo. Son estribaciones huesosas y descarnadas peñas erizadas de riscos, colinas recortadas que ponen al desnudo las capas del terreno resquebrajado de sed, cubiertas cuando más de pobres hierbas, donde sólo levantan cabeza el cardo rudo y la retama desnuda y olorosa.

12 A short analisys of the essay This passage talks about the typical Castilian landscape. It has three aspects: the meadow, the village and the mountains. It seems a geographers attitude but Unamunos intention is to show how the austerity and roughness of the climate has shaped the Castilian spirit.

13 He introduces a contrast between the North coloured part of Spain and the colourless Castilian. The landscape is a metaphor to understand the rigid, harsh and strong Castilian spirit which recalled a glorious past: The foundation of the Spanish nation.

14 Picture 4 Picture 5 Picture 6 Picture 7

15 THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION

16 Photograph copyright index Background pictures: ml Picture 1: Picture 2: Picture 3: Picture 4: uruena-valladolid_14688.html Picture 5: Picture 6: borriquero/ Picture7:


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