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Adverbs Mosaicos, p. 138. Adverbs Adjectives Adjectives give information about a noun and they agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. example:Las.

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Presentación del tema: "Adverbs Mosaicos, p. 138. Adverbs Adjectives Adjectives give information about a noun and they agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. example:Las."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Adverbs Mosaicos, p. 138

2 Adverbs Adjectives Adjectives give information about a noun and they agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. example:Las mesas son rojas (The tables are big) Adverbs, on the other hand, give information about a verb, an adjective, or another adverb, and do not agree in gender or number with any word. example:Antonio y Juan corren rápido (Antonio runs fast)

3 Adverb or Adjective? Depending on the context, a word could be either an adverb or an adjective. Examples: Ana es rápida In this case rápida agrees in gender and number with Ana; therefore its an adjective. Ana corre rápido In this other case, rápido does not in gender or number with Ana; therefore, its an adverb.

4 Adverbs ending in -mente Spanish also uses adverbs ending in -mente, which corresponds to the English –ly, to qualify how things are done. To form these adverbs, add –mente to the femenine form of the adjective: to form the adverb of fast (rápido/os/a/as), take the femenine form, rápida, and add –mente: rápidamente. If the adjective doesnt have a femenine form, simply add -mente: to form the adverb for difficult (difícil): difícilmente.

5 More on Adverbs Adverbs add information about manner, quantity, frequency, time or place. MANNERQUANTITYFREQUENCYTIMEPLACE Bien (well)Mucho (a lot) A veces (sometimes) Hoy (today) Detrás (behind) Mal (poorly) Poco (few, little) Frecuente (often) Mañana (tomorrow) Debajo (under) Mejor (better) Demasiado (too much) Siempre (always) Ayer (yesterday) Aquí (here) Peor (worse)Muy (very)Nunca (never)Ahora (now)Allí (there) Muy mal (very bad) -- Temprano (soon) Allá (over there) Regular (average) --Tarde (late)- --- Después (after) -

6 Placement of Adverbs There are some rules regarding the placement of the adverb within a sentence: When the adverb is modifying a verb, we will place it after that verb. example: Ellas corren rápido When the adverb is modifying an adjective or other adverb, we will place it in front of the word that is modifying. example: Ellas corren muy rápido

7 Práctica (cont.) Are the words in red adjectives or adverbs? a) Los libros son pequeños. b) Alicia come muy rápido. c) Alicia come muy rápido. c) La familia va al cine frecuentemente.

8 Práctica (cont.) Are the words in red adjectives or adverbs? a) Los libros son pequeños.ADJECTIVE (agreement) b) Alicia come muy rápido.ADVERB (no agreement) c) Alicia come muy rápido.ADVERB (modifies rápido) d) La familia va al cine frecuentemente. ADVERB (ends in –mente)

9 Práctica (cont.) Convert the following adjectives into adverbs: a) Lento (slow) b) Simple (simple) c) General (general) d) Tranquilo (calm)

10 Práctica Convert the following adjectives into adverbs: a) Lento (slow) Lentamente b) Simple (simple) Simplemente c) General (general) Generalmente d) Tranquilo (calm) Tranquilamente

11 ¡Buen trabajo! Hoy hemos aprendido a usar los adverbios.


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