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El Subjuntivo Las reglas, la formación y WEIRDO. Hablar These conjugate like all commands, except tú affirmative que hableque hablemos que hables que.

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Presentación del tema: "El Subjuntivo Las reglas, la formación y WEIRDO. Hablar These conjugate like all commands, except tú affirmative que hableque hablemos que hables que."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El Subjuntivo Las reglas, la formación y WEIRDO

2 Hablar These conjugate like all commands, except tú affirmative que hableque hablemos que hables que hableque hablen

3 Ejemplos He wants me to talk (He wants that I talk). I want you to talk. They want her to talk. She wants us to talk. I want you guys to talk.

4 ¿Qué es el Indicativo? We have studied the indicative which expresses factual information, certainty, and objectivity. The indicative is objective (no personal opinion)! Tenses include: present,preterite,imperfect,future,etc. Ella es de España. Yo estudio mucho para la clase de español. Tú sacaste una buena nota en el examen.

5 ¿Qué es el Subjuntivo? The subjunctive is a verb mood – it reflects how the speaker feels about the situation. The subjunctive is subjective (personal opinion)! Ex. Art The subjunctive expresses will, wishes, emotions, impersonal expressions, requests, recommendations, doubt, denial and uncertainty.

6 Las Reglas para el Subjuntivo The subjunctive has two verbs, each in its own clause. There must be a change of person or subject in the main verb and dependent verb. Yo quiero que tú vayas. (2 people) Yo quiero ir. (1 person) The two clauses, verbs, are joined by que. Yo no quiero que ella llegue tarde. Es posible que llueva mañana. El maestro les exige que los estudiantes estudien.

7 WEIRDO The verb in the first clause (the main verb) is in the indicative and implies: W ill/Wish E motion I mpersonal Expressions R equest/Recommendation D oubt/Denial O jalá

8 WEIRDO Use the subjunctive in the dependent clause when the main clause expresses: W ill/Wish E motion I mpersonal Expressions R equest/Recommendation D oubt/Denial O jalá

9 Las Reglas… The present subjunctive can be used for present tense and for the future, not the past. The pronouns (reflexive, direct, and indirect) always come before the conjugated verb, not after like affirmative commands.

10 Las Reglas… The second clause (dependent verb) is the subjunctive. To form the subjunctive, conjugate the verb in the yo form of the present tense (conocer = conozco) Drop the o (conozc-) Add the opposite ending for the verb ER/IR takes AR endings- ella conozca AR verbs take ER/IR endings – tú hables Add appropriate ending for person- add s for tú, mos for nostotros,n for Uds.

11 Spelling Changes These are spelling changes in the yo form of the present tense -go =tener(mantener, contener,obtener), decir, traer, caerse, hacer, oír, venir, salir, poner -cer/-cirzc(not all, ex. hacer,decir) =conocer(desconocer,reconocer),ofrecer,parecer conducir,traducir,introducir,reducir,producir, -ger,-girj =escoger, recoger, proteger, emerger, converger, elegir, exigir, fingir, corregir, -guir-ei stem-change, then drop u(ex. siga) =seguir (conseguir,perseguir) -uirkeep the u, add y(ex.influya).The y carries through all forms except nosotros =influir, contribuir, destruir,construir, concluir These are the spelling changes from the yo form in the preterite tense: -car,-gar,-zar =-carqu, -gargu, -zarc *Also, dont forget stem-changing verbs!!(ex.despertarse,vestirse)

12 Nosotros Does not stem change in nosotros form (just like present tense) Except -Ir stem-changing verbs: pedir, servir, vestirse, divertirse, preferir, mentir, sentir, dormir Use preterite sandal verb(él,ellos) conjugation. Sirvamos (ei) Durmamos (ou)

13 Los Irregulares The following verbs are irregular in the subjunctive: (DISHES). These are the verbs that end in oy in the yo form and also saber which ends in é. D ar – dé, des, dé, demos, den I r – vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayan S er – sea, seas, sea, seamos, sean H aber – haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayan E star – esté, estés, esté, estemos, estén S aber – sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepan

14 W – Will/Wish Verb of will/wish express someones will or wish over another person, what they want or hope that someone will do. Common verbs are: querer, desear,esperar, preferir, necesitar, and insistir,{exigir, mandar, decir, etc., use IOPs(indirect)} Mi madre quiere que yo haga los quehaceres. Necesito que (Uds.) me digan la verdad. Te Exijo que pongas la mesa. La profesora les dice que estudien.

15 E - Emotion When the main verb implies emotion, the subjunctive is used with the dependent verb Common verbs are: sentir(e-ie), lamentar, alegrarse de, temer, tener miedo de, (gustar, sorprender, molestar, preocupar, entristecer, enojar, etc. use IOPs) Me alegro de que estés conmigo. Temen que el gato esté perdido. Nos sorprende que ella no sepa nada.

16 I – Impersonal Expressions Use subjunctive after impersonal expressions that imply will, emotion, and doubt. Common expressions are: es necesario, es importante, es probable/improbable, es posible/imposible, es bueno/malo, es mejor, es dudoso, es ridículo, es triste, etc. Es bueno que estudies español. Es triste que Blake no tenga novia. Es importante que mi novio me traiga flores. Can also be general such as, Es importante estudiar para sacar buenas notas. This does not use the subjunctive, but rather the infinitive.

17 R – Requests/Recommendations When requests or recommendations are in the main clause, the subjunctive will follow in the dependent clause. Use IOPs Common verbs: pedir,recomendar(e-ie), sugerir(e-ie), aconsejar,proponer, etc. Te recomiendo que estudies. Me pide que diga la verdad. La profesora le aconseja que haga la tarea.

18 D – Doubt/Denial Whenever doubt/denial is implied, the subjunctive must be used in the dependent clause. Common verbs: Dudar, negar (e-ie), no creer, no pensar(e-ie), no estar seguro(a) de, es imposible, etc. Dudo que conozcas a Paris Hilton. No creo que Paco pueda sacar una A en esta clase. Maria niega que Paco le escriba cartas de amor.

19 O - Ojalá Ojalá = Hopefully This is an impersonal expression too and does not conjugate for person Ojalá will automatically require the subjunctive in the dependent clause. Ojalá que el examen sea fácil. Ojalá que mis padres no me griten. Ojalá que no haya tarea.

20 Manos a la obra Saquen papel y traduzcan las siguientes oraciones. 1. I want you (Ud.) to work tomorrow. 2. He asks me to pay him the money. 3. I hope that they buy the house. 4. We doubt that they will arrive early. 5. She doesnt believe that he has the keys. 6. I fear that you (Uds.) are not able to do it. 7. I dont think they know my address. 8. We want you (tú) to eat dinner with us. 9. My parents forbid me to go out late. 10. It is necessary that you begin immediately.


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