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5.2 The present progressive The present progressive El presente progresivo Present tense of estar + present participle helping verb of the main verb.

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Presentación del tema: "5.2 The present progressive The present progressive El presente progresivo Present tense of estar + present participle helping verb of the main verb."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 5.2 The present progressive The present progressive El presente progresivo Present tense of estar + present participle helping verb of the main verb

2 5.2 The present progressive ANTE TODO Both Spanish and English use the present progressive. In both languages, it consists of the present tense of the verb to be and the present participle (gerund: the -ing form of the verb in English). Estoy escuchando. (escuchar) I am listening. Carlos está corriendo. (correr) Carlos is running. Ella está escribiendo una carta. (escribir) She is writing a letter.

3 5.2 The present progressive The present progressive is formed with the present tense of estar (helping verb) and the present participle (gerund/-ing form) of the main verb. It is a compound verb tense because it has two parts. Pescar FORM OF ESTAR+PRESENT PARTICIPLE Estoy pescando. I am fishing. Comer FORM OF ESTAR+PRESENT PARTICIPLE Estamos comiendo. We are eating.

4 5.2 The present progressive The present participle of regular –ar, –er, and –ir verbs is formed as follows: INFINITIVE STEM ENDING PRESENT PARTICIPLE hablar habl- -ando hablando comer com- -iendo comiendo escribir escrib- -iendo escribiendo NOTE: Each verb has only ONE present participle that always ends in o.

5 5.2 The present progressive ¡ATENCIÓN! When the stem of an –er or –ir verb ends in a vowel, the present participle ends in –yendo. (i changes to y) leerleleyendo oírooyendo traertratrayendo

6 5.2 The present progressive Ir, poder, and venir have irregular present participles (yendo, pudiendo, viniendo), but these verbs are rarely used in the present progressive. Several other verbs have irregular present participles that you will need to learn. -Ir stem-changing verbs have a stem change in the present participle.

7 5.2 The present progressive e:ie in the present tensee i in the present participle preferir prefiriendo sentir sintiendo e:i in the present tensee i in the present participle conseguir consiguiendo pedir pidiendo seguir siguiendo o:ue in the present tenseo u in the present participle dormir durmiendo -ir stem-changing verbs MEMORIZE THESE

8 5.2 The present progressive The use of the present progressive is much more restricted in Spanish than in English. In Spanish, the present progressive is mainly used to emphasize that an action is in progress at the time of speaking. Inés está escuchando música latina ahora mismo. Inés is listening to Latin music right now. Álex y su amigo todavía están jugando al fútbol. Álex and his friend are still playing soccer. COMPARE & CONTRAST

9 5.2 The present progressive In English, the present progressive is often used to talk about situations and actions that occur over an extended period of time or in the future. In Spanish, the simple present tense is often used instead. (For future, you can also use ir+a+infinitive to express going to.) Javier estudia computación este semestre. Javier is studying computer science this semester. Inés y Maite salen mañana para los Estados Unidos. Inés and Maite are leaving tomorrow for the United States. COMPARE & CONTRAST

10 5.2 The present progressive ¡INTÉNTALO! Create complete sentences by putting the verbs in the present progressive. 1. Mis amigos / descansar en la playa Mis amigos están descansando en la playa. 2. Nosotros / practicar deportes Nosotros estamos practicando deportes. 3. Carmen / comer Carmen está comiendo.

11 5.2 The present progressive 4. Nuestro equipo / ganar el partido Nuestro equipo está ganando el partido. 5. Yo / leer el periódico Yo estoy leyendo el periódico. 6. Él / pensar en comprar una bicicleta Él está pensando en comprar una bicicleta.

12 5.2 The present progressive 7. Ustedes / jugar a las cartas Ustedes están jugando a las cartas. 8. José y Francisco / dormir José y Francisco están durmiendo. 9. Marisa / leer correo electrónico Marisa está leyendo correo electrónico.

13 5.2 The present progressive 10. Yo / preparar sándwiches Yo estoy preparando sándwiches. 11. Carlos / tomar fotos Carlos está tomando fotos. 12. ¿dormir / tú? ¿ Estás durmiendo tú?


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