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Gustar with infinitives. WHAT IS AN INFINITIVE? An infinitive is the basic form of a verb, a word that expresses action or a state of being.

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Presentación del tema: "Gustar with infinitives. WHAT IS AN INFINITIVE? An infinitive is the basic form of a verb, a word that expresses action or a state of being."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 gustar with infinitives

2 WHAT IS AN INFINITIVE? An infinitive is the basic form of a verb, a word that expresses action or a state of being.

3 En inglés In English, infinitives do not have any special endings, but they almost always have the word to in front of them. In English, infinitives do not have any special endings, but they almost always have the word to in front of them. Examples: Examples: to speak, to run, to write to speak, to run, to write In Spanish, infinitives always end in -ar,-er, or –ir: In Spanish, infinitives always end in -ar,-er, or –ir: hablar correr escribir hablar correr escribir

4 An infinitive tells the meaning of the verb without naming any subject or tense. There are three kinds of infinitives in Spanish: those ending in -ar, those ending in -er, and those ending in -ir. -ar infinitives -ar infinitives -er infinitives -er infinitives -ir infinitives -ir infinitives cantar to sing cantar to sing comer to eat comer to eat escribir to write escribir to write

5 Just like nouns, infinitives can be used after a verb like gustar to say what you and others like to do. Me gusta la música. Me gusta la música. I like music. I like music. Me gusta cantar. Me gusta cantar. I like to sing. I like to sing.

6 Always use gusta (not gustan) with infinitives. Me gustan los deportes. I like sports. Me gusta jugar al tenis. Me gusta jugar al tenis. I like to play tennis.

7 Gustar + infinitives Me gusta= I like Te gusta = You (informal/singular) Le gusta=You (formal/singular),He/She Nos gusta=We like Os gusta=You all (informal/plural) Les gusta=You all (formal/plural), They

8 For example: I like to talk= Me gusta hablar You like to talk= Te gusta hablar For example: I like to talk= Me gusta hablar You like to talk= Te gusta hablar You (informal/singular) like; He/She likes to talk= Le gusta hablar. We like to talk= Nos gusta hablar You all (informal) like to talk= Os gusta hablar You all (formal); They like to talk= Les gusta hablar

9 When you want to really emphasize or identify the person that you are talking about, add a + noun/pronoun A Sonia le gusta correr=Sonia likes to run. A ella le gusta correr=She likes to run.

10 Prounouns that follow the personal a: 1.A mi me gusta cantar. 2.A ti te gusta leer revistas. 3.A él/ella le gusta tocar el piano. 4.A usted le gusta pasar tiempo con amigos. 5.A nosotros nos gusta jugar videojuegos. 6.A vosotros os gusta escribir cuentos. 7.A ellos/ellas les gusta nadar. 8.A ustedes les gusta dibujar en los pupitres. *The nosotros and vosotros have feminine forms! *The nosotros and vosotros have feminine forms! Use nosotras and vosotras when talking about only females.

11 Translate the following to English. Use page 46 for vocab: 1.A mi me gusta cantar. _________________________________________________________________ 2. A ti te gusta leer revistas. _________________________________________________________________ 3. A él le gusta tocar el piano. _________________________________________________________________ 5. A ella le gusta montar en monopatín. _________________________________________________________________ 4. A Hector le gusta pasar tiempo con amigos. _________________________________________________________________ 5. A nosotros nos gusta jugar videojuegos _________________________________________________________________ 6. A vosotros os gusta escribir cuentos _________________________________________________________________ 7. A Nathan y Jerry les gusta nadar. _________________________________________________________________ 8. A Paco, Sánchez, y Carol les gusta dibujar en los pupitres. _________________________________________________________________


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