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El Presente Progresivo

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Presentación del tema: "El Presente Progresivo"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El Presente Progresivo
U3E3 #16

2 The present progressive tense Notes #16
Standard 1.2: Students understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics Objective: Students will learn the verb tense the present progressive and its conjugation forms

3 The Present Progressive
The Present Progressive is used to emphasize that something is happening RIGHT NOW. For example; John is playing tennis.

4 In English the present progressive is always composed of two parts – a helping verb and a present participle. Look at the examples below; Subject Helping verb Present Participle (also known as a gerund) I Am Swimming You Are Eating She Is Dancing We Laughing They Running

5 For example; Juan está cantando.
In Spanish, the present progressive is set up the exact same way – with a helping verb and a present participle. For example; Juan está cantando. Helping Verb Present Participle

6 The helping verb is always a form of the verb Estar (to be) which translates as “am”, “is”, or “are”. Below is a chart of Estar’s irregular conjugation. Subject Conjugation Translation Yo Estoy I am Estás You are Él, Ella, Usted Está He is, She is, You are Nosotros Estamos We are Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes Están They are, You are

7 The present participle is formed by adding “ando” or “iendo” to the end of the verb stem. Use “ando” for AR verbs and “iendo” for ER and IR verbs. For example; CANTAR To sing ANDO AR 1. Drop the AR as you always have to conjugate 2. Now add ando which means “-ing” Singing TOSING

8 ER and IR verbs work the same way as AR verbs do except that they use “iendo” instead of “ando”.
For example; COMER To eat IENDO 1. Drop the ER or IR 2. Now add iendo which means “-ing” ER Eating To livee VIVIR To live IENDO ER Living To livee

9 Forming the Present Progressive
Start with subject, Use the verb estar + -ando or –iendo verb Estoy estamos Estás x Está están hablando comiendo corriendo viviendo bailando escribiendo Subject + Yo El Ella Tu Nosotras Ellos Ellas +

10 Here’s what it looks like when you combine the helping verb with the present participle.
Subject Cantar to sing Comer to eat Vivir to live Yo Estoy cantando I am singing Estoy comiendo I am eating Estoy viviendo I am living Estás cantando You (inf) are singing Estás comiendo You (inf) are eating Estás viviendo You (inf) are living Él, Ella, Usted Está cantando He/She is singing You (for) are singing Está comiendo He/She is eating You (for) are eating Está viviendo He/She is living You (for) are living Nosotros Estamos cantando We are singing Estamos comiendo We are eating Estamos viviendo We are living Vosotros Estáis cantando You (inf pl) are singing Estáis comiendo You (inf pl) are eating Estáis viviendo You (inf pl) are living Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes Están cantando They are singing You (for pl) are singing Están comiendo They are eating You (for pl) are eating Están viviendo They are living You (for pl) are living

11 Examples He is asking. (Preguntar) I am studying. (Estudiar)
We are running. (Correr) You are writing. (Escribir) Él está preguntando. Yo estoy estudiando. Nosotros estamos corriendo. Tú estás escribiendo.

12 Verbs in Acts Comprar-to buy Hablar-to speak Pasar-to pass by
Bailar-to dance Leer-to read Ver-to see Oir-to hear Escribir-to write Comer-to eat

13 Irregulars Irregulars in this tense are few. You will learn most of them on a case by case basis. This unit contains two of the most common irregulars in the present progressive. Decir>Diciendo.-(to say) Creer>Creyendo, (to believe) Leer>Leyendo. (to read) Oir> oyendo (to hear)

14 Act 19 pg. 227 Diana: comprar ropa . Diana ésta comprando la ropa.
2.Roberto y su hermano:hablar 3.Luis:abrir su libro 4. Paco y yo:pasar un rato con los amigos 5.tu:bailar con tus amigos 6.Nosotros: leer una novela 7.Yo: ver la television 8.Sus amigos :oir musica 9.Carlos :escribir una carta 10.La familia: comer

15 Act 20 pg 227 Pablo-jugar voleibol. Pablo está jugando el voleibol.
Ana-mirar una concha (End sentence with a noun). Señora Alvarez- leer (libro) Elena-tomar (un refresco) Marta y Elena- hablar Señor Alvarez-nadar

16 ¡El Fin!

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