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El Presente Progresivo U3E3 #16. The present progressive tense Notes #16 Objective: Students will learn the verb tense the present progressive and its.

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Presentación del tema: "El Presente Progresivo U3E3 #16. The present progressive tense Notes #16 Objective: Students will learn the verb tense the present progressive and its."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 El Presente Progresivo U3E3 #16

2 The present progressive tense Notes #16 Objective: Students will learn the verb tense the present progressive and its conjugation forms Standard 1.2: Students understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics

3 The Present Progressive The Present Progressive is used to emphasize that something is happening RIGHT NOW. For example; John is playing tennis.

4 In English the present progressive is always composed of two parts – a helping verb and a present participle. Look at the examples below; SubjectHelping verbPresent Participle (also known as a gerund) IAmSwimming YouAreEating SheIsDancing WeAreLaughing TheyAreRunning

5 In Spanish, the present progressive is set up the exact same way – with a helping verb and a present participle. For example; Juan está cantando. Helping Verb Present Participle

6 The helping verb is always a form of the verb Estar (to be) which translates as am, is, or are. Below is a chart of Estars irregular conjugation. SubjectConjugationTranslation YoEstoyI am TúEstásYou are Él, Ella, UstedEstáHe is, She is, You are NosotrosEstamosWe are Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes EstánThey are, You are

7 The present participle is formed by adding ando or iendo to the end of the verb stem. Use ando for AR verbs and iendo for ER and IR verbs. For example; CANTAR To sing 1. Drop the AR as you always have to conjugate 2. Now add ando which means -ing AR TOSING ANDO Singing

8 ER and IR verbs work the same way as AR verbs do except that they use iendo instead of ando. For example; COMER To eat VIVIR To live 1. Drop the ER or IR ER 2. Now add iendo which means -ing To livee IENDO Living Eating

9 Forming the Present Progressive Start with subject, Use the verb estar + -ando or –iendo verb Estoyestamos Estásx Estáestán + hablando comiendo corriendo viviendo bailando escribiendo Subject + Yo El Ella Tu Nosotras Ellos Ellas

10 Heres what it looks like when you combine the helping verb with the present participle. SubjectCantar to sing Comer to eat Vivir to live YoEstoy cantando I am singing Estoy comiendo I am eating Estoy viviendo I am living TúEstás cantando You (inf) are singing Estás comiendo You (inf) are eating Estás viviendo You (inf) are living Él, Ella, Usted Está cantando He/She is singing You (for) are singing Está comiendo He/She is eating You (for) are eating Está viviendo He/She is living You (for) are living NosotrosEstamos cantando We are singing Estamos comiendo We are eating Estamos viviendo We are living VosotrosEstáis cantando You (inf pl) are singing Estáis comiendo You (inf pl) are eating Estáis viviendo You (inf pl) are living Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes Están cantando They are singing You (for pl) are singing Están comiendo They are eating You (for pl) are eating Están viviendo They are living You (for pl) are living

11 Examples 1.He is asking. (Preguntar) 2.I am studying. (Estudiar) 3.We are running. (Correr) 4.You are writing. (Escribir) Él está preguntando. Yo estoy estudiando. Nosotros estamos corriendo. Tú estás escribiendo.

12 Verbs in Acts Comprar-to buy Hablar-to speak Pasar-to pass by Bailar-to dance Leer-to read Ver-to see Oir-to hear Escribir-to write Comer-to eat

13 Irregulars Irregulars in this tense are few. You will learn most of them on a case by case basis. This unit contains two of the most common irregulars in the present progressive. Decir>Diciendo.-(to say) Creer>Creyendo, (to believe) Leer>Leyendo. (to read) Oir> oyendo (to hear)

14 Act 19 pg Diana: comprar ropa. Diana ésta comprando la ropa. 2.Roberto y su hermano:hablar 3.Luis:abrir su libro 4. Paco y yo:pasar un rato con los amigos 5.tu:bailar con tus amigos 6.Nosotros: leer una novela 7.Yo: ver la television 8.Sus amigos :oir musica 9.Carlos :escribir una carta 10.La familia: comer

15 Act 20 pg Pablo-jugar voleibol. Pablo está jugando el voleibol. 2.Ana-mirar una concha (End sentence with a noun). 3.Señora Alvarez- leer (libro) 4.Elena-tomar (un refresco) 5.Marta y Elena- hablar 6.Señor Alvarez-nadar

16 ¡El Fin!


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