Presentación del tema: "Present Progressive Spanish 2- Ms. Labrador. The present progressive is formed by combining the verb "to be" with the present participle. (The present."— Transcripción de la presentación:
The present progressive is formed by combining the verb "to be" with the present participle. (The present participle is merely the "-ing" form of a verb.) I am studying. I am studying with María.
In English, present progressive can be used to describe what is happening now, or what will happen in the future. I am studying now. I am studying with María tonight.
In Spanish, the present progressive is only used to describe an action that is in the process of taking place. It is not used for future actions. I am studying now. (use present progressive) I am studying with María tonight. (do not use present progressive)
To form the present progressive in Spanish, combine a form of "estar" with the present participle. Estoy hablando. I am speaking. Juan está comiendo. John is eating. María está escribiendo una carta. Mary is writing a letter.
In order to form the present progressive, you must know how to conjugate the verb estar, and how to form the present participle. You already know how to conjugate the verb estar: estar estoy estás está estamos están
REMEMBER the difference btwn REGULAR verbs and IRREGULAR verbs: To form the present participle of regular -ar verbs, TAKE OFF the –ar and add -ando to the stem of the verb. hablar: hablando (hablar - ar + ando) trabajar: trabajando (trabajar - ar + ando) estudiar: estudiando (estudiar - ar + ando)
To form the present participle of regular -er and - ir verbs, TAKE OFF –er/-ir and add -iendo to the stem of the verb. comer: comiendo (comer - er + iendo) hacer: haciendo (hacer - er + iendo) vivir: viviendo (vivir - ir + iendo) escribir: escribiendo (escribir - ir + iendo)
To form the present progressive, simply conjugate the verb estar to agree with the subject of the sentence, and follow it with the present participle. Juan está comiendo pan. John is eating bread. María y Carmen están hablando con nosotros. Mary and Carmen are speaking with us.
Remember, only use the present progressive for actions that are "in progress." Compare the uses of the present indicative=PRESENT TENSE with the uses of the present progressive. Estudio español. (Present Indicative) I study Spanish. I am studying Spanish (these days). I do study Spanish. Estoy estudiando español. (Present Progressive) I am studying (right now, at this moment) Spanish.
It is important to remember that you would never use the present progressive to say something like "We are going to Spain this summer." Use present progressive only for actions that are "in progress. WE ARE GOING TO SPAIN THIS SUMMER: Present tense: VAMOS a españa este verano. WE ARE GOING TO SPAIN ( right now- in progress to Spain) Present progressive: IRREGULAR : IR verb ( to go) Estamos yendo a espa˜na.
Quick quiz! 1. Juan estoy estás está estamos estáis Están hablando español. John is speaking Spanish. 2. Yo estoy estás está estamos estáis Están escribiendo una carta. I am writing a letter. 3. Los niños estoy estás está estamos estáis Están jugando. The children are playing.