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Srta. Forgue El 12 de enero de 2011. Ahora mismo Completa los ejercicios con la forma correcta del mandato según el sujeto en paréntesis. Caminar (Uds.)

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Presentación del tema: "Srta. Forgue El 12 de enero de 2011. Ahora mismo Completa los ejercicios con la forma correcta del mandato según el sujeto en paréntesis. Caminar (Uds.)"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Srta. Forgue El 12 de enero de 2011

2 Ahora mismo Completa los ejercicios con la forma correcta del mandato según el sujeto en paréntesis. Caminar (Uds.) ______________________ No bailar (Ud.) ______________________ Cantarlas (tú) ______________________ No comer (tú) ______________________ No hacerlo (Uds.) ______________________ Salir (tú) ______________________ Llevarmelo (Ud.) ______________________

3 Repaso de la tarea (20 frases) Escriba dos frases de la tarea de anoche en la pizarra. Cinco puntos: 1)A tiempo 2)Ropa 3)Libro 4)Boligrafo 5)Cuaderno

4 Objetivos Terminar lección de mandatos (págs ) Empezar el subjuntivo (págs ) usando el subjuntivo en las oraciones subordinadas sustantivas (subjunctive in noun clauses) En esta lección, vamos a aprender a expresar los deseos, las dudas y las emociones.

5 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved With the exception of commands, all the verb forms you have been using have been in the indicative mood. The indicative is used to state facts and to express actions or states that the speaker considers to be real and definite. In contrast, the subjunctive mood expresses the speakers attitudes toward events, as well as actions or states the speaker views as uncertain or hypothetical. El subjuntivo

6 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.3.3-6

7 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved The present subjunctive is formed very much like usted and ustedes and negative tú commands. From the yo form of the present indicative, drop the -o ending, and replace it with the subjunctive endings.

8 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved The present subjunctive endings are:

9 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Verbs with irregular yo forms show the same irregularity in all forms of the present subjunctive.

10 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved To maintain the -c, -g, and -z sounds, verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar have a spelling change in all forms of the present subjunctive.

11 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Present subjunctive of stem-changing verbs -Ar and -er stem-changing verbs have the same stem changes in the subjunctive as they do in the present indicative.

12 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Ir stem-changing verbs have the same stem changes in the subjunctive as they do in the present indicative, but in addition, the nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms undergo a stem change. The unstressed e changes to i, while the unstressed o changes to u.

13 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Irregular verbs in the present subjunctive These five verbs are irregular in the present subjunctive.

14 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved ¡Atención! The subjunctive form of hay (there is, there are) is also irregular: haya.

15 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved General uses of the subjunctive The subjunctive is mainly used to express: 1) will and influence, 2) emotion, 3) doubt, disbelief, and denial, and 4) indefiniteness and nonexistence.

16 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved The subjunctive is most often used in sentences that consist of a main clause and a subordinate clause. The main clause contains a verb or expression that triggers the use of the subjunctive. The conjunction que connects the subordinate clause to the main clause.

17 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved These impersonal expressions are always followed by clauses in the subjunctive:

18 Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Indica el presente de subjuntivo de estos verbos. 1. (alquilar, beber, vivir) que yo ______________ 2. (estudiar, aprender, asistir) que tú ______________ 3. (encontrar, poder, dormir) que él ________________ 4. (hacer, tener, venir) que nosotras __________ 5. (dar, hablar, escribir) que ellos _____________ 6. (pagar, empezar, buscar) que ustedes __________ 7. (ser, ir, saber) que yo _______________ 8. (estar, dar, oír) que tú ________________ alquile, beba, viva

19 Tarea Escribir 6 frases con el subjuntivo usando las expresiones de opinión.


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