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Preterite –ar Verbs Mrs. Márquez Spanish II. Preterite = -An action that happened in the past. The action began and ended at a definite time in the past.

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Presentación del tema: "Preterite –ar Verbs Mrs. Márquez Spanish II. Preterite = -An action that happened in the past. The action began and ended at a definite time in the past."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Preterite –ar Verbs Mrs. Márquez Spanish II

2 Preterite = -An action that happened in the past. The action began and ended at a definite time in the past I started Spanish class in August -In English it is usually used with an –ed ending ex: She played video games yesterday We went to the beach on Saturday

3 Preterite –ar endings Drop the –ar from the verb and replace with the following: yo =nosotros = tú = Ud. =Uds. = (él, ella)(ellos, ellas) -é -aste -ó -amos -aron Notice there are accents ONLY in the yo & ud. forms

4 -car, -gar, -zar Verbs that end in –car, -gar, -zar have a spelling change in the yo form in the preterite. Verbs that end in –car, -gar, -zar have a spelling change in the yo form in the preterite. -car= qué -gar=gué -zar= cé

5 Conjugate in the yo form: 1. Yo/ sacar= 2. Yo/ llegar= 3. Yo/ empezar= 4. Yo/ jugar= 5. Yo/ tocar= 6. Yo/ comenzar= saqué llegué empec é jugué toqué comenc é

6 Practice Conjugate these verbs in the Preterite 1. Tú ____________ (hablar) 2. Nosotros ____________ (tomar) 3. Yo ____________ (comenzar) 4. Ellos ___________ (nadar) 5. José ___________ (comprar) hablaste tomamos comencé nadaron compró

7 Preterite –er & -ir verbs Stem changing verbs and dar & ver

8 The following are the endings for - er & -ir verbs yo =nosotros = tú = Ud. =Uds. = (él, ella)(ellos, ellas) -í -iste -ió -imos -ieron

9 Preterite forms for dar & ver They are the same endings as -er & - ir They are the same endings as -er & - ir INFINITIVEdarver yo tú ud. (él, ella) nosotros uds.(ellos,ellas) di diste dio dimos dieron vi viste vio vimos vieron

10 Stem Changing Verbs Stem Changing Verbs A few = Pedir, Servir, Morir, Reír, Sonreír, Dormir, Divertirse Only changes in 3 rd person Pedir yo =nosotros = tú = Ud. = Uds. = (él, ella)(ellos, ellas) Pedí Pediste Pidió Pedimos Pidieron

11 Practice 1. Ellos ___________ una limonada. (pedir) 2. Ellas ___________ al cine. (salir) 3. Yo ___________ la comida. (servir) 4. Nosotros ____________ dos regalos (dar) 5. Carlos _____________ a casa. (volver) pidieron salieron serví dimos volvió


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