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The imperative mood. Different moods in Spanish mood- expresses how a speaker feels about an action Indicative mood- indicates whats true or happening.

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Presentación del tema: "The imperative mood. Different moods in Spanish mood- expresses how a speaker feels about an action Indicative mood- indicates whats true or happening."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 The imperative mood

2 Different moods in Spanish mood- expresses how a speaker feels about an action Indicative mood- indicates whats true or happening imperative mood- indicates what speaker wants someone else to do

3 Los mandatos formales Ud. and Uds.

4 Ud. Usted (you, singular formal) Usted is used to directly address someone older, a person you do not know on a first name basis, a superior, or someone you would like to show a lot of respect.

5 Uds. Ustedes (you guys) Uds. is used to refer to both familiar and formal groups. Uds. is the only plural you form. Ex: Señoras, ¡Uds. no puedan hablar! Ex: Niños, ¡Uds. no puedan correr!

6 Ud. and Uds. Also note that the subject pronouns Ud. and Uds. may or may not be used. Using them adds a degree of formality or politeness to the command. Hable. Speak. Hable Ud. Speak (sir). (more respectful) Coman Eat. Coma Ud. Eat (sir). (more polite)

7 How to form affirmative Ud. and Uds. commands 1. Start by dropping –o in the yo form of the present tense. Hablar- habl Escribir- escrib o 2. Then add the opposite ending. ar = e er/ir = a -ar verbs hablar Ud. = e hable Uds. = en hablen -er/-ir verbs escribir Ud. = a escriba Uds.=an escriban o

8 Prática 1.Maam, eat! Señora, ¡coma! 2. Kids, dont talk! Niños, ¡No hablen! 3. listen, Mr. Ruiz. Escuche, Sr. Ruiz. 4.Girls, run! niñas, ¡corran!

9 Verbs with irregular yo forms maintain the same irregularity in their formal commands Tener yo tengo = tenga tengan Venir Yo vengo = venga vengan *caigo digo oigo voy doy traigo hago estoy conozco pongo sé ofrecer salgo sigo conduzco soy veo Tune: La Cucaracha Ud. Uds. * These verbs have not been conjugated in the imperative mood yet.

10 Verbs that end in –car, -gar, and –zar have a spelling change. Sacar c qu saque saquen Jugar g gu juegue jueguen almorzar z c almuerce almuercen

11 Note that stem-changing verbs maintain their stem-change e:ie o:ue e:i Perder= pierda volver= vuelva servir= sirva

12 Prática 1.salir (Ud.) salga 2. apagar (Uds.) apaguen 3. Poder (Ud.) pueda 4. Conducir (Ud.) conduzca

13 Irregular Formal Commands use the acronym d-seis Ud. Uds. dar dé den saber sepa sepan estar esté estén ir vaya vayan ser sea sean

14 To make a formal command negative (dont), simply place NO before the verb. Ex: No ponga tu libro en el piso. ( Dont put your book on the floor.)

15 Placement of reflexive pronouns and object pronouns (me, te,lo,la,le,se,nos,los,las,les) with commands 1. In commands, object pronouns are attached to the end of the verb. 2. Add accent mark. 1 pronoun = 3 rd syllable back Siéntense 2 pronouns = 4 th syllable back muéstremelo * When a pronoun is attached to an affirmative command that has two or more syllables, an accent mark is added to maintain the original stress. Ex: limpie límpielo lean léanlo diga dígamelo Dar dé denos (no accent mark when just one pronoun is added)

16 In negative commands (dont), object pronouns always goes in front of the verb. Dont tell me = No me diga Dont eat it = ¡No lo coma! Dont buy it for her = No se lo compre a ella

17 Práctica 1.Sit down (Uds.) siéntense 2.Dont brush! (Ud.) no se cepille 3. Write it to me. Escríbamelo 4. Give them to me. démelos 5. Dont wash your hands. No se laven las manos


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