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Clarita y Efraim PPS Bulbophyllum Orchids.

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Presentación del tema: "Clarita y Efraim PPS Bulbophyllum Orchids."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Clarita y Efraim PPS Bulbophyllum Orchids

2 Bulbophyllum es el género de Orquídeas que tiene asignadas mayor número de especies unas 1800 especies de hábito epífitas.Se encuentran en las selvas umbrías y húmedas de Asia India, Sur de China, Filipinas y Papúa Nueva Guinea, pero también se encuentran en el África tropical y en Centroamérica y Suramérica tropicales. Bulbophyllum kubahense Bulbophyllum is the largest genus in the orchid family Orchidaceae. With more than 1800 species, it is also one of the largest genera of flowering plants. This genus is abbreviated in the trade journals as Bulb.


4 Phylogeny Etimología El nombre del género Bulbophyllum se refiere a la forma de las hojas que es bulbosa. This genus was first described by Louis-Marie Aubert du Petit-Thouars describing 17 Bulbophyllum species. This large number and the great variety of its forms make the genus a considerable challenge for the taxonomist: 120 sections and subgenera have been listed.] The scientific name has been derived from the Latin word bulbus (bulb-like) and the Greek word phyllon (leaf), referring to the pseudobulbs

5 Bulbophyllum dhaninivatii

6 Hábitat Se encuentran en las selvas humbrías y húmedas de Asia India, Sur de China, Filipinas y Papúa Nueva Guinea, así como en el África tropical, y en Centroamérica y Suramérica tropicales. The center of diversity of this genus is in the montage forests of Papua New Guinea (more than 600 species) which seems to be the evolutionary homeland, though the genus is pantropical and widespread, occurring in Australia, Southeast Asia (with over 200 species in Borneo), India, Madagascar (with 135 species, some endemic), Africa and in tropical central and South America.

7 Bulbophyllum coniferum

8 El género Bulbophyllum es el mayor de la familia Orchidaceae con más de 1800 especies reconocidas. También es uno de los mayores géneros en la totalidad del reino de las plantas, superado en número solamente por Senecio y Euphorbia. Este género cubre un increíble gradiente de formas vegetativas, desde plantas con tallos parecidos a cañas, hasta raíces trepadoras que vuelan o se arrastran en su camino de subida por los troncos de los árboles. Otros miembros son epífitas que cuelgan desarrollándose sobre otras plantas, y bastantes otras que han desarrollado un follaje suculento en un menor ó mayor grado. Una especie casi ha perdido las hojas y utiliza sus pseudobulbos como organos de fotosíntesis. La forma de las flores aunque diversa, tiene un sello estructural básico que sirve para identificar a este género. El mayor centro de diversidad se encuentra en Papúa Nueva Guinea que parece ser el hogar desde donde ha evolucionado, aunque el género se ha dispersado ampliamente, encontrándose en Australia, Sureste de Asia, África y en las zonas tropicales de Centroamérica y en Suramérica.

9 Bulbophyllum reticulatum
(East Malaysia)

10 Structure The general characteristics for this genus are : single-noded pseudobulbs, the basal inflorescence and the mobile lip. This genus covers an incredible range of vegetative forms, from tall plants with cane-like stems, to root climbers that wind or creep their way up tree trunks. Other members are pendulous epiphytes (growing on other plants), and quite a number that have developed succulent foliage to a greater or lesser degree. Some species are lithophytic. One species has almost become leafless and uses its pseudobulbs as the organs of photosynthesis. These orchids with a sympodial growth have rhizomatous stems with often angled pseudobulbs. The thin to leathery leaves are folded lengthwise.

11 Bulbophyllum vaginatum

12 Bulbophyllum phalaenopsis

13 Primera pagina de la lista de las especies de este genero

14 Pollination Many Bulbophyllum species have the typical odor of rotting carcasses, and the flies they attract assist in their reproduction through pollination.

15 Notable Species Some species are known for their extremes of vegetive and floral form: Bulbophyllum beccarii Bulbophyllum barbigerum Bulbophyllum falcatum Bulbophyllum santosii Bulbophyllum macphersonii Bulbophyllum medusae Bulbophyllum nocturnum, a species first described in November 2011, is the only orchid known to flower at night.

16 Bulbophyllum beccarii, Rimba Ilmu Botanic Garden, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This species is a litter-trapper. It catches falling debris in its leaves. As the debris decays, the orchid soaks up the nutrients!

17 Bulbophyllum barbigerum is a species of orchid can be found in Myanmar(Burma),South East Asia. They wear it for special occasions. It's called "ThaZin Flower" .

18 Bulbophyllum medusae

19 Bulbophyllum medusae This orchid is named after Gorgon Medusa of Greek mythology since the long lateral sepals of its flowers are rather like the snakes that formed Medusa's hair. It is an epiphytic orchid from the Malay Peninsula, Thailand and Borneo. It blooms in the fall or early winter. It is a creeping orchid and it can spread to cover the pot or slab it is living on. Plants may have many clusters of flowers—each cluster contains tiny flowers each with long slender sepals. The sepals may be as long as 15 cm. In the wild it grows hanging from trees and rocks so the flower spikes may emerge from the base of each pseudobulb. It has a strong fragrance that some find agreeable and others find disagreeable.

20 This strange looking orchid also known as 'The Feathery Bulbophyllum
This strange looking orchid also known as 'The Feathery Bulbophyllum . This warm orchid is native to Malaysia, Indonesia as well as in Philippines.

21 Bulbophyllum maximum

22 This is another delighting warm growing bulbophyllum species from the lowland forest of West Malaysia (formerly Malaya) and northeastern Madagascar. Its inflorescence is also arranged in umbel and variable in the color intensity. The color of its sepal ranges from pinkish red to brown.

23 Bulbophyllum falcatum

24 Bulbophyllum minutissimum

25 Bulbophyllum nocturnum was recently discovered on the island of New Britain (part of Papua New Guinea) and is the first known orchid with flowers that consistently open at night and close during the day.

26 Bulbophyllum 'Thai Spider'





31 Bulbophyllum dentiferum

32 Illustration of Bulbophyllum comosum Date1893
"Curtis's Botanical Magazine”

33 Bulbophyllum frostii

34 Bulbophyllum picturatum

35 Bulbophyllum graveolens

36 Bulbophyllum virescens

37 Bulbophyllum pectenveneris
Bulbophyllum elliotii

38 Illustration of Bulbophyllum binnendijkii Date1906
"Curtis's Botanical Magazine”

39 Bulbophyllum rothschildianum 'Red Chimney'
Bulbophyllum rothschildianum 'a-doribil'

40 Bulbophyllum putidum


42 Bulbophyllum binnendijkii

43 Bulbophyllum mirum

44 Bulbophyllum singaporeanum multiple flowers very smalls about 1 cm.
Bulbophyllum repens Bulbophyllum repens

45 Illustration of Bulbophyllum biflorum Date1910

46 Bulbophyllum bicolor

47 Bulbophyllum Louis Sander

48 Bulbophyllum falcatum var. velutinum

49 Bulbophyllum odoratissimum

50 Bulbophyllum lobbii Bulbophyllum lobbii

51 Bulbophyllum odoratissimum

52 Bulbophyllum odoratissimum

53 Bulbophyllum annandalei

54 Bulbophyllum annandalei

55 Bulbophyllum lindleyanum close up
Bulbophyllums produce some of the strangest flowers in the orchid world. These flowers are only 8mm or one third of an inch so are best viewed when photographed.

56 Bulbophyllum kubahense

57 הנכם מוזמנים להיכנס לאתר שלנו:
מקורות: קלריטה ואפרים הנכם מוזמנים להיכנס לאתר שלנו: נשמח לתגובות

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