Presentación del tema: "Direct Object Pronouns. DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS You use DOP when you dont want to keep repeating the noun. They are used to say: me, you, it/him/her, us,"— Transcripción de la presentación:
Direct Object Pronouns
DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS You use DOP when you dont want to keep repeating the noun. They are used to say: me, you, it/him/her, us, them
For example: Shut the door vs. Shut it. I bought shoes. vs. I bought them. *You are replacing the noun with a pronoun to make the sentence shorter and to avoid repetition.
(Dirct Object) Pronouns: Me Nos Te Os Lo/La Los/Las
For masculine singular nouns = lo For masculine plural nouns = los For feminine singular nouns = la For feminine plural nouns = las
Pronouns are placed: BEFORE a conjugated verb, or Added on to the END an infinitive.
Comemos tacos. => Los comemos. Abrí la puerta. => La abrí. Hice la tarea. => La hice. Voy a comprar el coche. => Voy a comprarlo. Lo voy a comprar.
Práctica 1)¿Comiste la torta? 2)¿Bebiste la leche? 3)¿Comiste papas fritas? 4)¿Lavaste los platos? 5)¿Hablaste con el mesero?
Pronouns with Commands: When used with commands = Affirmative = put it on the END of the verb Negative = put it BEFORE the verb Examples: Come la manzana. = Comela No comas la manzana = No la comas
Práctica: Cut them. (las verduras) = Cortalas Dont cut them. = No las cortes. Cook them! (las galletas) ¡Cocinalas!
1.Look for it. (el lápiz) 2.Do it (la tarea). 3.Speak to me. 4.Dont speak to me. 5.Give me the book. 6.Listen to us. 7.Dont listen to us.
INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS
Indirect Object Pronouns Indirect Object Pronouns replace or accompany indirect object nouns. They are used to say: To or for: me, you, him/her, us, them
Indirect Object Pronouns: Me Nos Te Os Le Les
First, identify the indirect object of the sentence: *Basically, the indirect object of a sentence tells where the direct object of the sentence is going, or to whom the action is being done So, to figure out what the Indirect Object of a sentences is, ask: 1) Where is the object going? 2) To whom or for whom is the aciton being done?
John gives the book to Mary. So, the IO is = Mary!
Sara buys John a rose. The IO = John The waiter gave Larry the bill. The IO = Larry The teacher speaks to me. The IO = me
Once you know what the IO of the sentence is, you can then replace it with an IO pronoun: Me Nos Te Os Le Les
John gives the book to Mary. Juan da el libro a Mary. IO = Mary. IOP for Mary = le Juan le da el libro. = Juan gives her the book. Juan le da el libro a Mary. (to clarify)
*El mesero sirvió la comida a nosotros. IOP for nosotros = nos El mesero NOS sirvió la comida. *Mi padre habló a mi. IOP for a mi = me Mi padre me habló.
Práctica The teacher spoke to me. = El maestro me habló. The teacher spoke to us. El maestro nos habló. The teacher spoke to them. El maestro les habló.
Práctica The waiter brings us the food. We sang to him. They bought me a car. El mesero nos trae la comida. Le cantamos. Me compraron un coche.