4Indirect Object Pronouns An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that answers the question “to whom” or “for whom” an action is done.Some English examples include:I bought the gift for her.The teacher gave the paper to me.
5Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish me(to me, for me)nos(to us, for us)te(to you, for you)osle(to him/her/it or for him/her/it)les(to them, for them)
6Indirect object pronouns are usually placed before the conjugated form of the verb. In negative sentences the pronoun is placed between “no” and the conjugated verb.Martín me compra un regalo.Eva no me escribe cartas.
7Spanish speakers commonly use both an IO pronoun and the noun to which it refers in the same sentence. This is done to emphasize and clarify to whom the pronoun refers.Ella le vende la ropa a Elena.Yo les compro las flores a mis padres.
8Indirect object pronouns can be used with dar (to give) and decir (to say/tell). Mi abuela me da muchos regalos.Voy a darle consejos.Te digo la verdad.No les digo menitras a mis padres.
9Try these on your own. Fill in the blank with the correct IO pronoun. Juan le quiere dar un regalo. (to Elena)María ____ prepara un café. (for us)Beatriz y Felipe ___ escriben desde Cuba. (to me)Marta y yo ___ compramos unos guantes. (for them)Los vendedores ___ venden ropa. (to you, fam. sg)La dependienta ___ enseña los guantes. (to us)