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Spanish in the Community: Building bridges between second language learners, heritage learners, and the Latino community María Luisa Parra Harvard University.

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Presentación del tema: "Spanish in the Community: Building bridges between second language learners, heritage learners, and the Latino community María Luisa Parra Harvard University."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Spanish in the Community: Building bridges between second language learners, heritage learners, and the Latino community María Luisa Parra Harvard University Sixth Heritage Language Research Institute UCLA, June, 2012.

2 The Institute theme: From Overhearers to High Proficiency Speakers: Advancing Heritage Learners' Skills Spanish in the Community A methodology and pedagogical alternative to integrate second and heritage language learners, theory and practice, and to advance language and cultural competencies beyond the classroom.

3 The Results of the National Heritage Language Survey: Implications for Teaching, Curriculum Design, and Professional Development (Carreira and Kagan, 2011) On the basis of these findings, we have argued that a community-based curriculum represents an effective way to harness the wealth of knowledge and experiences that students bring to the classroom and to respond to their goals for their HL. (Carreira and Kagan, 2011)

4 – Spanish and the Community. Started in spring 2002 as part of a Harvard initiative to develop learning experiences that connect language with theory. Our students (Latinos, Anglo, Canadian, Chinese, Indian backgrounds) SLL and HLL Intermediate-high proficiency (4 th year Spanish) Highly motivated Background in community service (some have studied abroad) Interested in Latino community (Two times a week for 1 hour and a half)

5 We conceptualize Spanish 59 at the intersection of… Language course Activity based- learning (Harvard project) Community service Ethnic studies Sp.59

6 As language course… Goals: Development of translingual and transcultural competence (MLA, 2007). through development of three Communication Modes: Interpersonal Mode; Interpretive and Presentational Mode (ACTFL) (Oral and written) Based on the 5 C's (Communication, Culture, Connections, Comparisons, Communities).

7 As a Activity-based learning (Harvard) course… Spanish 59 integrates theory and practice throughpraxis (Derek Bok Center for Teaching & Learning, 2007) Praxis goes beyond the popular notion of learning by doing to emphasize the process of learning through experience (Freire, 1970).

8 As a Community service… Spanish 59 is attuned to models that put critical thinking, reflection, and debate at the very center of the service learning experience. (Jouët-Pastré and Liander, 200 p. 2). Service- learning is an effective pedagogical tool that actively engages students in the learning process and bridges the gap between theory and practice while connecting the students with the community (and vice versa) to accomplish worthwhile and meaningful goals. (Varona and Bauluz, 1999, p.69)

9 As language course…

10 Spanish 59 Objectives Spanish 59 is an advanced language course which examines the Latin American and Latino experience in the United States. The goal of the course is to promote community engagement as a vehicle for greater linguistic fluency and cultural awareness and understanding. Students examine the complexities of the historical background of Latinos in the U.S., and how the process of immigration has contributed to the Latino identity, language and culture through the work of some of the main Latino authors, academic readings, news papers articles, films, songs, visits from members of the Latino community, and volunteer work. Students are placed in community organizations and agencies within the Greater Boston area where they will work 4 hours per week.

11 Spanish 59 Objectives (Cont.) We work intensively on the four language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing. Pragmatics and cultural awareness. Students are exposed to different Spanish variants that are spoken in the U.S. and learn about the code- switching phenomenon and its role in Latino identity, education and politics. Spanish grammar is reviewed within the students needs (with special emphasis on Spanish complex structures).

12 Materials Literature from main Latino authors Academic readings Newspaper articles Films Documentary Songs Art (objetcs and digital images), Visits from members of the Latino community.

13 Activities Read materials / Watch movies Active class participation Presentation Discussion/Debates Tareas Written work. 1) Diary Reports. Students turn in two reports throughout the semester about their volunteer work. 2) Compositions. Students write two compositions around topics discussed in class. (Narrative, Interview, Argumentation).

14 Activities (Cont.) Community / Field work. Final Field Work Presentation. Final Exam (Art project)

15 Themes of the course... Demographics Border crossing Identity Spanish and bilingualism in the U.S. Latino children and education Latinas Afrolatinos Latinos and the future

16 The Mexican 'Color Line'


18 Assessment / Student portfolio Oral / daily participation (quantity and quality!) Written work (journals, compositions, tareas) Presentation of field work (community work). Final Art project. Evaluation from organizations. Participation 15 % Tareas 15% 2 Compositions (15%) Diary Reports (15%) Presentation of field work (10%) Field evaluation (20%) Final Project (15%)

19 Example Cruzando fronteras (Border crossing) Jueves 26 ¿De dónde es usted? (Samper Pizano) Los inmigrantes (Fernando Alegría) Martes 31 Película: La frontera infinita, Dir.: Juan Manuel Sepúlveda (2007). Jueves 2Hispanic population 2010 (Census, 2010) Latino Imaginary (Juan Flores) Ver el siguiente enlace TAREA: ¿Cómo es la situación demográfica de los Latinos en tu estado?

20 Integrating materials (Movies, academic articles and music) Película: Alambrista and the US-Mexico Border. (Robert Young, 1977/2003) Artículo para acompañar la película: Carrasco, Davíd, Dark Walking, Making Food and Giving Birth to Alambristas Religious Dimensions in the Film.

21 Music Corrido Alambrista Lila Downs: Sale Sobrando y El bracero fracasado

22 Art in class Analiza las imágenes de Ester Hernandez Sun Mad Raisins. ¿Qué mensaje quiere comunicar? ¿Hay relación con la película Alambrista?

23 As a Community service…

24 Spanish 59 is attuned to models that put critical thinking, reflection, and debate at the very center of the service learning experience. (Jouët-Pastré and Liander, 200 p. 2). Service- learning is an effective pedagogical tool that actively engages students in the learning process and bridges the gap between theory and practice while connecting the students with the community (and vice versa) to accomplish worthwhile and meaningful goals. (Varona and Bauluz, 1999, p.69)

25 Boston Latino Community In ten yeas we have worked with over 30 organizations in the Boston area. Work related to the areas of bilingual education, literacy in Spanish, GED, ESL, Legal services, Womens Health, Unemployment, Civic engagement.

26 Granberry, Phillips and Rustan, Sarah, Latinos in Massachusetts Selected Areas: Boston Gastón Institute Publications, Paper 36, 2010

27 Before the semester starts… I.First, students must fill out an application form I.Second, students go through an interview process to be accepted into the course. I.We finally accept 12 students

28 First week of class I.We match the students with the organizations I.The students, the organizations, and the instructors sign the Volunteer Agreement Form

29 What types of organizations do we work with?

30 Casa Nueva Vida Jamaica Plain, MA Homeless Shelter for women and their children The only homeless shelter in the state of Massachusetts with a completely bilingual staff

31 Centro Latino Cambridge and Chelsea, MA Programs: Adult Basic Education Workforce Development Community Learning Center Computer Technology JSLA After-School Program HIV/AIDS Counseling and Support Citizenship and Immigration Services

32 ¿Oíste? Boston, MA Giovanna Negretti founding Executive Director of ¿Oíste? with Caroline Kennedy The first and only statewide Latino civic education organization in Massachusetts.

33 Escuela Amigos Cambridge, MA The Amigos School, a Jr-Kindergarten to grade 8 school, is founded on a dual-language immersion model, a rigorous academic program where students receive 50% English and 50% Spanish instruction and are expected to become biliterate

34 ASPIRA East Boston, MA «A youth development program for Latino immigrant students at East Boston Hight School»

35 Boston Living Center Boston, MA The Boston Living Center (BLC) is New Englands largest community and resource center for people living with HIV/AIDS.

36 Hale and Dorr Legal Services Jamaica Plain, MA The Legal Services Center is a neighborhood law office and a Harvard Law School clinical teaching facility. The Center provides legal counsel to over 1,200 clients annually, some of whom are very poor, but many of whom can and do make co-payments or pay on a lower-than-market basis for the service they receive.

37 Challenges Working with non-profit organizations: Economic crisis: budget cuts Constant changes in management and staff Delay in communication Some organizations demand a very high level of Spanish from the students Matches between the students and the organizations that don´t work out. Continuos communication and cultural training! Undocumented Malaquias Montoya 1981

38 Student Classroom Teachers role The theory Organizations/ The practice The process: inter-action and transfer of knowledge Course content: Border crossing, demographics, myths, identity Spanish, bilingualism Latino children, education Latinas The future The integration of our work outside the classroom with themes in the course was very helpful as well as interesting This was definitely the best way not only to improve my Spanish but to learn more about the Latino and Latino immigrant experience, and to connect abstract concepts and social theories with real-world examples Bilingual schools Literacy in Spanish, ESL, GED, Legal services Womens Health Unemployment Civic engagement Spanish language: basis of learning experience / tool that creates links and a cycle of action and reflection (Overfield, 2007) Informs and transforms the academic experience (Howard, 1980). Walk students through the process… (Abbott and Lear, 2010)

39 Working with Art Language through the Visual Arts: An Interdisciplinary Partnership. (Parra and Di Fabio)

40 Doris Salcedo Colombian (born 1958) Untitled, 2004-2005 Sculpture Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John Cowles, by exchange, 2010.573

41 Poema a la Silla de Doris Salcedo Por Sandra Lynne Fryhofer, Michelle Wu, Meredith Arra, Pierre Berastaín, Ben Larocque, Fei Fei, Catherine Hasbrouck, Gamze Seten La silla siente la desesperación Estoy cansada, muy cansada. Ya no sirvo a la familia Que solía vivir aquí. Estoy rota, dañada Por la violencia que Destruyó mi familia Lo sentaron por tanto Tiempo que se Hundió en mí Siento el dolor y La transformación de mi país Me duele Todo el cuerpo Y me siento triste Quería parar los gritos y La pelealas promesas sin esperanza, pero no hice nada. Hay mucho dolor en todas partes de mi cuerpo y por eso falta color en mi vida.

42 Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons Cuban (born 1959) Elevata, 2002 Negative Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Purchase through the generosity of Susan H. Edwards; Dorothy Heath; Saundra Lane; Richard and Ronay Menschel Fund for the Acquisition of Photographs; The Widgeon Point Charitable Foundation; Melvin R. Seiden; Dr. Daniel Tassel; Caroline Cunningham Young; and Alice Sachs Zimet, P2004.11

43 Felix Gonzalez-Torres American (1957 - 1996) "Untitled" (Last Light), 1993 Sculpture Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John Cowles, by exchange, 2010.472

44 Final Art Project Para el examen final de Spanish 59 debes hacer una Instalación que puede tener las siguientes formas: Power point / Prezi Poster Painting Collage (con imágenes / objetos) Arte (un objeto) Video Poemas / Corridos Cuento breve (short story)

45 Las instalaciones deben representar aquello que has aprendido de ti mismo, a través de lo que hemos estudiado sobre los Latinos en los Estados Unidos. Algunos de los temas que puedes usar para diseñar tu instalación son: My Imaginary: ¿Qué imágenes te representan Migración: Diáspora familiar La frontera (espacio físico/psicológico/emocional) Identidad (cultural) Lenguas en contacto

46 Las instalaciones tienen que tener una explicación escrita (4-5 páginas) que incluya: La parte práctica y creativa: describe tu proyecto explicando lo qué hiciste. Habla del proceso o de los procesos de elaboración del proyecto. La parte teórica: Conceptos teóricos vistos en la clase y concepción estética que guía el proyecto.

47 Women and Identity

48 Amigos school

49 Blackout poetry

50 Multiplicity of our identities

51 Spaniglish

52 La Nueva Frontera en Realidad Estoy en clase escuchando a cifras de los latinos en este país y sus vidas en la nueva frontera. Vemos películas sobre cómo se forman sus identidades mezcladas. Mi profesora dice que tengo que Reflejar (sobre) de mi propia identidad cultural, Pero no estoy de una familia con padres o abuelos de un país extranjero. No me importan mis raíces French Canadian. Salgo de la clase y voy por el T Hasta mi trabajo voluntario en Jamaica Plains. Por la red line y después la orange line, Los trenes llegan a ser sucias, Las bolsas de Whole Foods se convierten (en) A bolsas de McDonalds y todos los kindles y ipads desparecen. […] ¿Ésta es la nueva frontera? Es la nueva frontera enorme Entre los ricos y los pobres La identidad latina aquí no existe entre dos culturas, porque es sofocada por la pobreza. He pasado todo este semestre Pensando que la identidad cultural Es un producto de nuestra sangre. Pero en la nueva frontera, ser latino significa un estado de mente. Si (la) identidad solo es un estado de mente, ¿Qué (cuál) es mi identidad cultural? Soy French Canadian pero puedo hablar en español y no parle frances. Asisto a una de las universidades más famosas en todo el mundo pero también he trabajado en las comunidades pobres y oído sus cuentos de dolor. En este país, en este época de globalización Todos nosotros vivimos en la nueva frontera.

53 What were the strengths of this course? Interesting and diverse materials, great survey of the Latino experience in the US through the lens of immigration, bilingualism, and culture. Community service is an awesome component, you get to practice your spanish, class material is interesting. The final art project was an amazing experience and perfect way to end the semester. There is a lot of speaking. Working in the community was a really good way to become more confident with speaking. The class time itself is also very open ended - lots of discussion.

54 What did you take away from your experience in this course? (What did you learn? How did this course change you?) I gained an appreciation for the complexity of our identities. I have an appreciation for bilingualism and the difficulties of learning English. Through my volunteer work, I have a new appreciation for the importance of literacy and strong educational environments for children. Confidence in speaking went way up. I am so much more comfortable with the language. It has taught me a new culture within the United States. It helped me come out of my shell and take risks.

55 Spanish 59 helped me apply my Spanish in a more natural setting. Also while most other language classes focus on cultures in Spanish-speaking countries, the coursework for this class emphasizes the Latino identity in the United States, something I had not learned about in Spanish classes before. This course provided me with a new perspective on the Latino experience in the United States and has encouraged me to continue my ambitions to work as a physician in a bilingual community. I learned so much about the immigrant experience in the US; it really piqued my interest and now may be a possible thesis topic

56 Diario He trabajado en el Centro de Servicios Legales de WilmerHale en Jamaica Plains por doce horas (tres veces por cuatro horas cada vez). Este experiencia me ha dado la oportunidad de desarrollar mi español en un ambiente profesional y al mismo tiempo ganar una perspectiva sobre el sistema legal. He ganado mucho respeto por la profesión legal. Mi español (se) ha desarrollado a causa de mi experiencia con el centro. Estoy aprendiendo un vocabulario nuevo con palabras y frases legales. También, estoy practicando español formal y profesional. En el futuro, quiero mejorar mi habilidad de comprender el acento del Caribe. Si puedo aprender este acento, podré hablar con muchas más personas.

57 Diario en Amigos El lunes pasado aprendí algo nuevo: aprendí que las palabras opo y oma significan abuelo y abuela en Guatemala. Nunca había oído esa forma y no pude encontrarlo en el internet pero esas eran las palabras que usaban Clemence, un niño en mi clase pre-kinder en Amigos, para describir sus abuelos. Estábamos hablando sobre la Pascua y él mencionó que viajó a Guatemala para visitar su opo y oma. Era la primera vez en que me di cuenta de que él podía hablar en español. Entonces, tuvimos una conversación sobre su herencia y su conocimiento de su lengua materna. [Trabajar en Amigos] Ha sido una prueba de mi paciencia y me ha ensenado la complejidad del debate sobre escuelas bilingües.

58 Sample: Evaluations of the Students by the Organizations Stephen was a pleasure to have volunteering in our organization this semester. He was enthusiastic, professional, and provided amazing contributions whenever called upon. He spearheaded our Hunger and Homelessness Awareness Week campaign by designing an eye-catching shirt that received rave reviews all over campus. We hope that this experience was rewarding, not only in improving his Spanish skills, but in providing a meaningful public service opportunity, and we hope that he will continue working with us going forward. LIFT/Cambridge on Stephen Shelton, 12/2/2010 Leah brought to the Center the joy of working and sharing while assisting very needy clients in our community who would otherwise go unserved Hale and Dorr legal Services on Leah Schecter, April 2011

59 …el trabajo de los jóvenes es excelente. Son un gran apoyo para nuestros jóvenes. Les proporcionan ayuda en las diferentes tareas que tienen, sean estas de English o matemáticas.. No todo es trabajo y tareas difíciles. Hemos ido a la playa y Jordan estuvo encantada de ver el mar de Boston. Hemos celebrado el dia Internacional de la Mujer el 8 de Marzo, Jordan bailo con nuestros jóvenes y Jeff filmo todo el evento. Cada dia los jóvenes los esperan para recibir ayuda en las tareas o tan solo para conversar. Jeff y Jordan practican Spanish y nuestros jóvenes su English, es fabuloso escuchar como ambos hacen su mayor exfuerzo para entenderse Rodrigo es sencillamente extraordinario. Sabe hacer de todo, come de todo lo que nuestros jóvenes le invitan. Un dia estaba enfermo y cansado, se dio un suenito en el sofa. Nadie le hizo ruido Los estudiantes se quedaron asombrados cuando Rodrigo contó que trabaja en limpieza de baños.

60 Spanish 59: Building bridges… A course where new knowledge about language and culture is presented, formed and integrated. Expands historical, ethnic and cultural perspective about the U.S. Fosters critical transcultural and linguistic awareness through contact with members of the community. Pragmatics Spanish for the professions Sociolinguistic awareness (Spanglish)

61 The Future Develop better ways to assess and support students linguistic development. Presentation Discussion/Debates Narrative Argumentation Interested in studying: Cultural competence development. Interactions between students and community members

62 The Future (Cont.) Promote Spanish 59 among Spanish Heritage Speakers. Build more community partnerships. Flagship program? Work closely with organizations to better understand the impact of our students work in the Latino community (Harvard students work, insertion and continuity in the community).


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