4 The SubjunctiveSpanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.
5 The Subjunctive does or doesn’t want tells suggests We use it to say what one person:does or doesn’t wanttellssuggestsor recommends someone else to do.The Subjunctive
6 A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. For example:The Subjunctive
7 Quiero que tú hables menos. I want you to talk less.The Subjunctive
8 The Subjunctive Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. I suggest that you drink water before running.
9 El entrenador exige que los atletas levanten las pesas. The trainer demands that the athletes lift weights.The Subjunctive
10 You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.The Subjunctive
11 The Subjunctive Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. It’s necessary that you do exercise.Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien.It’s important that the young people eat well.The Subjunctive
12 Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:The Subjunctive
13 Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > VerbSeparated by the word “que”Dependent clause (can’t stand on its own) Begins with the word “que.”Indicative VerbSubjunctive Verb
14 The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, & so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).The Subjunctive
15 We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands. The Subjunctive
16 We drop the -o of the present- tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.
17 The Subjunctive For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en For -er/-ir verbs:a, as, a, amos, áis, anThe Subjunctive
18 SALTAR – to jumpsalte saltessaltemos saltéis salten
19 CONOCER – TO KNOWconozca conozcasconozcamos conozcáis conozcan
20 diga digasdigamos digáis diganDECIR – TO SAY/TELL
21 The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.The Subjunctive
22 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add a “g” to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a “g” in the present subjunctive.
23 IRREGULAR SUBJUNCTIVE VERBS THAT HAVE A G caersedecirhacerponersalirtenertraer