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The Imperfect Subjunctive (El imperfecto de subjuntivo) ¿Qué pasó en el senado? El senador no permitió que hablaran los otros senadores.

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Presentación del tema: "The Imperfect Subjunctive (El imperfecto de subjuntivo) ¿Qué pasó en el senado? El senador no permitió que hablaran los otros senadores."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 The Imperfect Subjunctive (El imperfecto de subjuntivo) ¿Qué pasó en el senado? El senador no permitió que hablaran los otros senadores.

2 hablaronvendieronescribieron If you start with the 3rd person plural and you know your preterit verbs, there are no irregular forms, that is, there is no verb that does not follow the rule. How the imperfect subjunctive is formed 1.Start with the 3 rd person plural (aron, ieron) form of the verb in the preterit tense:

3 ron 2.Drop the -ron ending. hablavendieescribie 3.Add the following endings for all three conjugations: -ra -ras -ra -ramos -rais -ran How the imperfect subjunctive is formed 1.Start with the 3 rd person plural (aron, ieron) form of the verb in the preterit tense: ron

4 How the imperfect subjunctive is formed Examples: Note that -er and -ir forms are identical. Note also that first- and third-person singular forms are the same, and that all nosotros forms must carry a written accent. hablar hablara hablaras hablara habláramos hablarais hablaran escribir escribiera escribieras escribiera escribiéramos escribierais escribieran vender vendiera vendieras vendiera vendiéramos vendierais vendieran

5 hablar hablase hablases hablase hablásemos hablaseis hablasen escribir escribiese escribieses escribiese escribiésemos escribieseis escribiesen How the imperfect subjunctive is formed Notice these alternate forms: vender vendiese vendieses vendiese vendiésemos vendieseis vendiesen Everything that applies to the -ra forms applies also to the -se forms; however, the latter are more literary and are used more often in Spain than elsewhere.

6 The following chart shows the imperfect subjunctive forms of some common regular and irregular verbs. InfinitiveThird-person plural tomar beber escribir creer decir estar tomaron bebieron escribieron creyeron dijeron estuvieron tomara bebiera escribiera creyera dijera estuviera First-person singular haber ir leer PreteritImperfect subjunctive hubieron fueron leyeron hubiera fuera leyera

7 The following chart shows the imperfect subjunctive forms of some common regular and irregular verbs. InfinitiveThird-person plural poder poner querer saber ser tener pudieron pusieron quisieron supieron fueron tuvieron pudiera pusiera quisiera supiera fuera tuviera First-person singular traer venir PreteritImperfect subjunctive trajeron vinieron trajera viniera

8 How the imperfect subjunctive is used The same principles that are applied in the present to determine whether to use the subjunctive or the indicative are also used in the past. 1.Cause or prevention. 3.Falseness or unreality. 2.Personal bias or emotion. If the main clause expresses the subjunctive is used in the subordinate clause.

9 E S C A P A en caso de que sin que con tal (de) que antes (de) que para que a menos que (in case) (without, unless) (provided that) (before) (so that, in order that) (unless) How the imperfect subjunctive is used The past subjunctive is also always used after the following phrases (and a few other similar ones), just as with the present subjunctive.

10 If the verb in the main clause is in the... present, future, or present perfect the present subjunctive is used in the subordinate clause. How the imperfect subjunctive is used The tense of the verb in the main clause normally determines whether to use the present or imperfect subjunctive in the subordinate clause.

11 preterit, imperfect, conditional, or the imperfect subjunctive is used in the subordinate clause. pluperfect How the imperfect subjunctive is used The tense of the verb in the main clause normally determines whether to use the present or imperfect subjunctive in the subordinate clause. If the verb in the main clause is in the...

12 present, future, or present perfect The present subjunctive is used in the subordinate clause. Insisto en que Tomás me ayude. Insistiré en que Tomás me ayude. He insistido en que Tomás me ayude. How the imperfect subjunctive is used Examples: I insist that Tomás help me. I will insist that Tomás help me. I have insisted that Tomás help me.

13 preterit, imperfect, conditional, or The imperfect subjunctive is used in the subordinate clause. pluperfect Insistí en que Tomás me ayudara. Insistía en que Tomás me ayudara. Insistiría en que Tomás me ayudara. Había insistido en que Tomás me ayudara. How the imperfect subjunctive is used If the verb in the main clause is in the... Examples: I insisted that Tomás help me. I (always) insisted that Tomás help me. I would insist that Tomás help me. I had insisted that Tomás help me.

14 Era importante que leyera mi horóscopo. La meteoróloga insistió en que todos se refugiaran de la tempestad. How the imperfect subjunctive is used More examples of the imperfect subjunctive: It was important for me to read my horoscope. The meteorologist insisted that everyone take cover from the storm. Notice that the use of the preterit or imperfect in the main clause calls for the imperfect subjunctive in the subordinate clause.

15 El periodista quería que arregláramos la sala para la entrevista. Era dudoso que contratáramos a aquel comentarista. How the imperfect subjunctive is used More examples of the imperfect subjunctive: The journalist wanted us to arrange the living room for the interview. It was doubtful that we would hire that commentator. Remember that a written accent is required on the first-person plural of the imperfect subjunctive forms. El gobierno prohibió que pusiéramos esa información en el artículo. The government prohibited us from putting that information in the article.

16 El reportero dudaba que controlaran el incendio. Los televidentes pidieron que hubiera más programas serios. How the imperfect subjunctive is used The imperfect subjunctive is required under the same conditions as the present subjunctive. However, the imperfect subjunctive is used to refer to events that were incomplete in relation to a past event. Compare the sentences below to the time line. The reporter doubted that they would control the fire. The TV viewers asked for there to be more serious shows. Past Future Present dudar pedir controlar haber

17 ¡Ojalá (que) el patrocinador seleccionara mi guión! ¡Ojalá (que) no cancelaran mi serie favorita! How the imperfect subjunctive is used Use the imperfect subjunctive with ojalá when it means I wish (that). I wish the sponsor would choose my script! I wish they wouldnt cancel my favorite series!

18 EXPANSIÓN More on structure and usage Quisiera leer los anuncios clasificados. ¿Pudieras prestarme la sección deportiva? How the imperfect subjunctive is used Peticiones con el imperfecto de subjuntivo I would like to read the classified ads. Could you lend me the sports section? A common use of the imperfect subjunctive is to make polite requests or statements. In such cases, the forms of the verbs querer, poder, and deber are used. Note the following examples. Debiéramos ir al concurso.We should go to the game show.

19 FIN


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