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–IR Verbs By Suzanne Rutkowski Present Tense –ir Lets look at the family of –ir verbs. Verb Families 3 There are 3 families of verbs in Spanish. They.

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Presentación del tema: "–IR Verbs By Suzanne Rutkowski Present Tense –ir Lets look at the family of –ir verbs. Verb Families 3 There are 3 families of verbs in Spanish. They."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1

2 –IR Verbs By Suzanne Rutkowski Present Tense

3 –ir Lets look at the family of –ir verbs. Verb Families 3 There are 3 families of verbs in Spanish. They are determined by the ending of the verb. Verbs in Spanish end in: arerir

4 –IR–IR Verbs Ejemplos: to open to attend to share to describe to write to leave to receive to suffer abrir = asistir = compartir = describir = escribir = partir = partir = recibir = sufrir =

5 –irInfinitive = the –ir form of a verb Ejemplo: escribir Ejemplo: escribir = to write –o, –es, –e, –imos, –ís–en. –o, –es, –e, –imos, –ís and –en. –ir The –ir verb endings in the present tense are: Stem = the verb without its –ar ending Ej emplo: escrib– Ej emplo: escrib– Parts of a Verb

6 Ejemplo: yovivir To make the yo form of the verb vivir (to live), take ir viv–. the infinitive, drop the –ir and you have the stem: viv–. oviv–. Add an –o ending to the stem viv–. Yo vivo. Yo vivo. = I live. Forming the Conjugated Verb –ir To form present tense –ir verbs, you ir drop the ir ending of the infinitive form of the verb and add the appropriate ending for each of the subjects.

7 The endings added to the stem of an –ir –ir verb in the present tense are: The Endings –imos–ís–en–en nosotros/as = vosotros/as = ustedes = ellos/as =–o–es–e–e yo = tú = usted = él, ella =

8 vivir vivir = to live Take the infinitive of the verb vivir, drop the –ir, and you are left with the stem viv–. Now, add the endings: Ejemplo: imos nosotros/as vivimos ís vosotros/as vivís en ustedes viven en ellos/as viven o yo vivo s tú vives e usted vive e él, ella vive

9 yo escribo yo escribo = I write tú tú escribes = You write (informal) usted usted escribe = you write (formal) él, ella él, ella escribe = he/she writes nosotros/as nosotros/as escribimos = we write vosotros/as vosotros/as escribís = you all write (Spain) stedes ustedes escriben = you all write ellos/as ellos/as escriben = they write escribir Otro ejemplo: escribir = to write Singular Plural

10 Más ejemplos : yo abro = tú vives = él escribe = usted parte = nosotros sufrimos = vosotros describís = ellos asisten = I open you (informal) live he writes you (formal) leave we (masculine) suffer all of you (informal – Spain) describe they (masculine) attend

11 If the subject of the sentence is a singular noun, use the él/ella form. Nouns María María vive en España. If the subject of the sentence is a plural noun, use the ellos/ellas form. Juan y Pablo Juan y Pablo escriben cartas. Los muchachos Los muchachos asisten a la fiesta. Ejemplos:Ejemplo:

12 yo yo vivo ella ella asiste nosotros nosotros sufrimos ellos ellos escriben tú tú abres I I live she she attends we we (masculine) suffer they they (masculine) write you you (informal) open

13 ©2010 Teachers Discovery Written by: Suzanne Rutkowski Additional Information by: Adriana Miretti Search: Grammar PowerPoints To find more Spanish grammar presentations, go to: Search: Grammar PowerPoints


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