Past participles Verbs have forms called past participles which can be used as adjectives. torcer- to twist torcido-twisted I twisted my ankle. Me torcí el tobillo. My ankle is twisted. Tengo el tobillo torcido.
ar verbs form past particples by adding -ado to ar verbs hinchar- hinchado -swollen cortar- cortado- cut quemar- quemado- burned
irregulars romper- roto broken abrir- abierto open
they are used as adjectives because these past participles are used as adjectives, they must agree with the nouns in number and gender. rodillas hinchadas- swollen knees hombros rotos- broken shoulders
the articles when using reflexive pronouns to talk about injuries, use definite articles before the parts of the body Me quemé el dedo. I burned my finger. Se torció el tobillo. She twisted her ankle.