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14.3 Past participles used as adjectives ANTE TODO Both Spanish and English have past participles. The past participles of English verbs often end in –ed.

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Presentación del tema: "14.3 Past participles used as adjectives ANTE TODO Both Spanish and English have past participles. The past participles of English verbs often end in –ed."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives ANTE TODO Both Spanish and English have past participles. The past participles of English verbs often end in –ed (to turn > turned), but many are also irregular (to buy > bought; to drive > driven).

2 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives In Spanish, regular –ar verbs form the past participle by dropping –ar and adding –ado. Regular –er and –ir verbs form the past participle by dropping –er or –ir and adding –ido. INFINITIVESTEMPAST PARTICIPLE bailarbail-bailado comercom-comido vivirviv-vivido

3 ¡ATENCIÓN! The past participles of –er and –ir verbs whose stems end in –a, –e, or –o carry a written accent mark on the i of the –ido ending. caer caído (fallen) creer creído (believed) leer leído(read) oír oído(heard) reír reído(laughed) sonreír sonreído(smiled) traer traído(brought)

4 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives Irregular past participles (All end in –to except for dicho/hecho.) abrirabierto morirmuerto decirdicho ponerpuesto describirdescrito resolverresuelto descubrirdescubierto romperroto escribirescrito vervisto hacerhecho volvervuelto

5 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives NOTE: Verbs that conjugate the same way as the verbs with irregular past participles also have the irregular past participle formed in a similar manner. descubrir descubierto (discovered) cubrir cubierto (covered) hacerhecho(done/made) deshacerdeshecho(undone/unmade) volvervuelto(returned to a place) devolverdevuelto(returned something)

6 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives In Spanish, as in English, past participles can be used as adjectives. They are often used with the verb estar to describe a condition or state that results from an action. Like other Spanish adjectives, they must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. (o, os, a, as) Like other descriptive adjectives, if they do not follow the verb estar, they must come after the noun being modified.

7 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives En la entrada hay algunos letreros escritos en español. In the entrance, there are some signs written in Spanish. Tenemos la mesa puesta y la cena hecha. We have the table set and dinner made. La joyería está cerrada. The jewelry store is closed. La carta todavía no está enviada. The letter is not yet mailed. El cheque ya está firmado. The check is already signed. Note: The word ya means already. The expression todavía no means not yet.

8 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives ¡INTÉNTALO! Indica la forma correcta del participio pasado de estos verbos. (masculino singular) Traduce del español al inglés. 1. hablar_____ hablado (spoken) 2. correr _____ corrido (run) 3. mirar _____ mirado (watched) 4. leer _____ leído (read)

9 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives 5. escribir _____ escrito (written) 6. morir _____ muerto (dead) 7. cantar _____ cantado (sung) 8. oír _____ oído (heard)

10 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives 9. traer _____ traído (brought) 10. abrir _____ abierto (open) 11. romper _____ roto(broken) 12. hacer _____ hecho (done/made)

11 14.3 Past participles used as adjectives 13. decidir _____ decidido (decided) 14. ver _____ visto (seen) 15.resolver resuelto (solved) 16.poner puesto (put)


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