La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Perfect tenses Spanish 3, Buen Viaje p223-225, p255- 258, PRE AP ONLY p309-310. Spanish 3, Buen Viaje p223-225, p255- 258, PRE AP ONLY p309-310. Spanish.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Perfect tenses Spanish 3, Buen Viaje p223-225, p255- 258, PRE AP ONLY p309-310. Spanish 3, Buen Viaje p223-225, p255- 258, PRE AP ONLY p309-310. Spanish."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Perfect tenses Spanish 3, Buen Viaje p , p , PRE AP ONLY p Spanish 3, Buen Viaje p , p , PRE AP ONLY p Spanish 4 interacciones p. 360, 371, 417, 435 Spanish 4 interacciones p. 360, 371, 417, 435

2 PRESENT PERFECT This tense is used to talk about things that HAVE HAPPENED or things that one HAS DONE. It is another past tense, like the preterite or the imperfect. This tense is used to talk about things that HAVE HAPPENED or things that one HAS DONE. It is another past tense, like the preterite or the imperfect. Ex: Yo he hablado con mi amiga. Ex: Yo he hablado con mi amiga. (I have talked with my friend). He has done his homework. He has done his homework. (Él ha hecho su tarea.)

3 The Present Perfect is a compound tense. To form it, you need to use a form of HABER in the present tense + a past participle. The Present Perfect is a compound tense. To form it, you need to use a form of HABER in the present tense + a past participle. HABER (helping verb) HABER (helping verb) YoHeNosotrosHemos YoHeNosotrosHemos TúHas TúHas ÉlHaEllosHan ÉlHaEllosHan EllaHaEllasHan EllaHaEllasHan Ud.HaUds.Han Ud.HaUds.Han *The form of haber matches the subject. *The form of haber matches the subject.

4 El PARTICIPIO PASADO Formation (regular) 1) -AR verbs:take off the –AR and add -ADO. 1) -AR verbs:take off the –AR and add -ADO. Ejemplos Cantar =cantado Ejemplos Cantar =cantado Escuchar = escuchado Escuchar = escuchado 2) -ER/-IR verbs: take off the –ER/- IR and add –IDO. 2) -ER/-IR verbs: take off the –ER/- IR and add –IDO. Ejemplos:Correr = corrido Ejemplos:Correr = corrido Recibir = recibido

5 3) Irregular Past Participles Memorize, memorize Memorize, memorize VERB Past Participle Abrir (to open)Abierto Decir (to say)Dicho Descubrir (to discover)Descubierto Escribir (to write)Escrito Hacer (to make/do)Hecho Morir (to die)Muerto Poner (to put)Puesto Romper (to break)Roto Ver (to see)Visto Volver (to return)Vuelto Freir (to fry)Frito

6 Once formed, the same past participle will work for any subject Yo he hablado Yo he hablado Tú has hablado Tú has hablado Ella ha hablado (etc.) Ella ha hablado (etc.) **OJO** Like any other compound verb, you can never separate the HABER and the PAST PARTICIPLE. **OJO** Like any other compound verb, you can never separate the HABER and the PAST PARTICIPLE. Ejemplos:No se ha duchado. Ejemplos:No se ha duchado. NEVER-No ha se duchado. Me he quitado la chaqueta. NEVER- He me quitado la chaqueta.

7 Pluperfect (past perfect) The Pluperfect or Past Perfect is formed by using the imperfect tense of the helping (auxiliary) verb haber and the past participle. The past participles are the same for all perfect tenses. Verbs ending in -ar change to -ado and verbs ending in - er or -ir change to -ido. Irregular forms are also the same. The Pluperfect or Past Perfect is formed by using the imperfect tense of the helping (auxiliary) verb haber and the past participle. The past participles are the same for all perfect tenses. Verbs ending in -ar change to -ado and verbs ending in - er or -ir change to -ido. Irregular forms are also the same.

8 Haber- helping verb-to have Había llegadoHabíamos llegado Habías llegado Había llegadoHabían llegado The Pluperfect tense is used in the same way in Spanish as it is in English. The pluperfect describes a past action completed before another past action. The Pluperfect tense is used in the same way in Spanish as it is in English. The pluperfect describes a past action completed before another past action.

9 Ex: El partido ya había empezado cuando llegaron algunos de los jugadores. Ex: El partido ya había empezado cuando llegaron algunos de los jugadores. (The game had already begun when some of the players arrived.) (The game had already begun when some of the players arrived.) *Note that both actions in the sentence above took place in the past. The action that took place first, the game had already begun is in the pluperfect. The action that followed it, the players arrived, is in the preterite. *Note that both actions in the sentence above took place in the past. The action that took place first, the game had already begun is in the pluperfect. The action that followed it, the players arrived, is in the preterite.

10 Conditional Perfect The Conditional Perfect is formed by using the conditional tense of the helping (auxiliary) verb haber and the past participle. The past participles are the same for all perfect tenses. Verbs ending in -ar change to -ado and verbs ending in - er or -ir change to -ido. Irregular forms are also the same. The Conditional Perfect is formed by using the conditional tense of the helping (auxiliary) verb haber and the past participle. The past participles are the same for all perfect tenses. Verbs ending in -ar change to -ado and verbs ending in - er or -ir change to -ido. Irregular forms are also the same.

11 Haber- helping verb-to have Habría llegadoHabríamos llegado Habrías llegado Habría llegadoHabrían llegado The Conditional Perfect is used in Spanish, as it is in English, to state what would have taken place had something else not interfered or made it impossible. The Conditional Perfect is used in Spanish, as it is in English, to state what would have taken place had something else not interfered or made it impossible. Ex: Yo habría hablado con mi padre pero él estaba muy ocupado. Ex: Yo habría hablado con mi padre pero él estaba muy ocupado. (I would have spoken to my father but he was very busy. ) (I would have spoken to my father but he was very busy. )

12 Future Perfect The Future Perfect is formed by using the future tense of the helping (auxiliary) verb haber and the past participle. The past participles are the same for all perfect tenses. Verbs ending in -ar change to -ado and verbs ending in -er or -ir change to -ido. Irregular forms are also the same. The Future Perfect is formed by using the future tense of the helping (auxiliary) verb haber and the past participle. The past participles are the same for all perfect tenses. Verbs ending in -ar change to -ado and verbs ending in -er or -ir change to -ido. Irregular forms are also the same.

13 Haber- helping verb-to have Habré llegadoHabremos llegado Habrás llegado Habrá llegadoHabrán llegado The Future Perfect is used to express a future action that will be completed prior to another future action. Observe and analyze the following sentences. The Future Perfect is used to express a future action that will be completed prior to another future action. Observe and analyze the following sentences.

14 Ex: Desgraciadamente ellos no estarán. Habrán salido antes de nuestra llegada. Ex: Desgraciadamente ellos no estarán. Habrán salido antes de nuestra llegada. (Unfortunately they will not be there. They will have gone before our arrival.) *In the above sentence, the people will not be present at some time in the future because they have already left. The departure precedes our arrival even though both actions will be in the future. This tense is seldom used. *In the above sentence, the people will not be present at some time in the future because they have already left. The departure precedes our arrival even though both actions will be in the future. This tense is seldom used.

15 Present Perfect Subjunctive The present perfect subjunctive is formed by using the present subjunctive form of the verb haber + the past participle. The present perfect subjunctive is formed by using the present subjunctive form of the verb haber + the past participle. Haya llegadoHayamos llegado Haya llegadoHayamos llegado Hayas llegado Hayas llegado Haya llegadoHayan llegado Haya llegadoHayan llegado

16 Whereas the present subjunctive is used to refer to the events that may occur either at the same time as or after the action of the main verb, the present perfect subjunctive refers to the actions or situations that may have occurred before the action of the main verb. Whereas the present subjunctive is used to refer to the events that may occur either at the same time as or after the action of the main verb, the present perfect subjunctive refers to the actions or situations that may have occurred before the action of the main verb. The present perfect subjunctive is used when: The present perfect subjunctive is used when: 1)the main verb is in the present, future, present perfect, or command form. 2) the action of the verb in the subjunctive is expected to have taken place before that of the main verb.

17 Look at the following sentences using the present and present perfect subjunctive: Look at the following sentences using the present and present perfect subjunctive: Es importante que estudies ahora mismo. Es importante que estudies ahora mismo. It is important that you study right now. It is important that you study right now. Es importante que estudies este fin de semana. Es importante que estudies este fin de semana. It is important that you study this weekend. It is important that you study this weekend. Dudo que hayas estudiado hoy. Dudo que hayas estudiado hoy. I doubt that you have studied today. I doubt that you have studied today.

18 Pluperfect Subjunctive Formation: The pluperfect subjunctive is formed with the imperfect subjunctive of the verb haber + the past participle of the verb. Formation: The pluperfect subjunctive is formed with the imperfect subjunctive of the verb haber + the past participle of the verb. Hubiera llegado Hubiéramos llegado Hubiera llegado Hubiéramos llegado Hubieras llegado Hubieras llegado Hubiera llegadoHubieran llegado Hubiera llegadoHubieran llegado

19 The pluperfect subjunctive is used The pluperfect subjunctive is used when the subjunctive is needed and the main verb is in the past (preterite, imperfect, or pluperfect tense) or the conditional. And when the action of the verb in the subjunctive is expected to have taken place before that of the main verb. And when the action of the verb in the subjunctive is expected to have taken place before that of the main verb.

20 Note the use of the pluperfect subjunctive in the following example: Note the use of the pluperfect subjunctive in the following example: El entrenador quería que nosotros hubiéramos corrido tres millas antes del comienzo del partido. El entrenador quería que nosotros hubiéramos corrido tres millas antes del comienzo del partido. The trainer wanted us to have run three miles before the beginning of the game. The trainer wanted us to have run three miles before the beginning of the game.

21 Practice (Present Perfect) 1. Yo _________________ con ellos. (hablar) 2. Ella __________________ el sábado. (salir) 3. Ellos ______________ ir a la fiesta. (querer) 4. Tú ________ fruta en la frutería. (comprar) 5. Juan ____________ en Puerto Rico. (vivir) 6. Nosotros _____________ la verdad. (decir) 7. Ellas __________________ la tarea. (hacer) 8. Tú y yo _____________ en el agua. (nadar) 9. Uds _______________ español. (aprender) 10. Ud ________ un fin de semana muy interesante. (tener) 11. Mi amigo _________________ al cine. (ir) 12. Yo ___________________ la mesa. (poner)

22 ¿CÓMO SE DICE? 1. I have done my homework. 1. I have done my homework. 2. You have listened to your mom. 2. You have listened to your mom. 3. He has written a sentence. 3. He has written a sentence. 4. They have lived in Venezuela. 4. They have lived in Venezuela. 5. We have received a package. 5. We have received a package. 6. She has walked in the park. 6. She has walked in the park. 7. You have eaten fish. 7. You have eaten fish. 8. I have taken off my hat. 8. I have taken off my hat. 9. The girls have painted a picture. 9. The girls have painted a picture. 10. We have learned the lesson. 10. We have learned the lesson.

23 Present Perfect Translate using the Present Perfect 1. She has written a historical novel. 1. She has written a historical novel. 2. Tú has vivido en un país hispanohablante. 2. Tú has vivido en un país hispanohablante. 3. They have skied in Colorado. 3. They have skied in Colorado. 4. Felipe se ha roto la pierna dos veces. 4. Felipe se ha roto la pierna dos veces. 5. Mr. Tomas has opened the door. 5. Mr. Tomas has opened the door. 6. Marisol ha compuesto una canción. 6. Marisol ha compuesto una canción. 7. I have eaten spicy peppers at Mexican restaurants. 7. I have eaten spicy peppers at Mexican restaurants. 8. Nosotros no hemos ido a ver la película nueva de Disney. 8. Nosotros no hemos ido a ver la película nueva de Disney.

24 Pluperfect Translate using the Pluperfect 1. When Mr. Jimenez arrived at the airport, the plane had departed. 1. When Mr. Jimenez arrived at the airport, the plane had departed. 2. Cuando la Sra. Garza entró en la cocina, el gato había comido el pez. 2. Cuando la Sra. Garza entró en la cocina, el gato había comido el pez. 3. When Marisol called, Carlos had already gone to bed. 3. When Marisol called, Carlos had already gone to bed. 4. Cuando llegamos al cine, habían vendido todos los billetes. 4. Cuando llegamos al cine, habían vendido todos los billetes. 5. Never before had Felipe gone out with Gloria. 5. Never before had Felipe gone out with Gloria. 6. Nunca antes había ido Ana a la Argentina. 6. Nunca antes había ido Ana a la Argentina. 7. The boy said that he had eaten the cake. 7. The boy said that he had eaten the cake. 8. Ellos confesaron que habían roto la silla. 8. Ellos confesaron que habían roto la silla.

25 Conditional Perfect Translate using the Conditional Perfect 1. I would have done my homework. 1. I would have done my homework. 2. Él habría comprado un coche nuevo. 2. Él habría comprado un coche nuevo. 3. They would have traveled around the world. 3. They would have traveled around the world. 4. Ellas habrían ido al concierto de Maná. 4. Ellas habrían ido al concierto de Maná. 5. She would have contributed money to the church. 5. She would have contributed money to the church. 6. Tú habrías regalado un perrito a tu hermanito. 6. Tú habrías regalado un perrito a tu hermanito. 7. You (formal) would have bought a ticket to the movies. 7. You (formal) would have bought a ticket to the movies. 8. Nosotros habríamos puesto los libros en nuestras mochillas. 8. Nosotros habríamos puesto los libros en nuestras mochillas.

26 Future Perfect Translate using the Future Perfect 1. Esta noche a las diez ya habré terminado mi tarea. 1. Esta noche a las diez ya habré terminado mi tarea. 2. Tomorrow at 8 am I will have already gotten up. 2. Tomorrow at 8 am I will have already gotten up. 3. Para el fin de mayo, Susana ya habrá encontrado un trabajo de verano. 3. Para el fin de mayo, Susana ya habrá encontrado un trabajo de verano. 4. In 3 years we will have graduated. (graduarse) 4. In 3 years we will have graduated. (graduarse) 5. En 10 años, Juan y Lara ya se habrán casado. 5. En 10 años, Juan y Lara ya se habrán casado. 6. At the age of 30, you (informal) will have written a novel. 6. At the age of 30, you (informal) will have written a novel. 7. A la edad de 40, ellos habrán viajado alrededor del mundo. 7. A la edad de 40, ellos habrán viajado alrededor del mundo. 8. At the age of 50, you (formal) will have become a millionaire. 8. At the age of 50, you (formal) will have become a millionaire.

27 Present Perfect Subjunctive 1. Dudo que Ud. (ver) __________________un Bucardo, una cabra montés, en España, porque ahora es un animal extincto. 1. Dudo que Ud. (ver) __________________un Bucardo, una cabra montés, en España, porque ahora es un animal extincto. 2. Nos sorprende que tú (pagar) ____________________tanto por la cerámica. Debes regatear con los vendedores. 2. Nos sorprende que tú (pagar) ____________________tanto por la cerámica. Debes regatear con los vendedores. 3. Es probable que esos turistas (ir)____________________a la playa en sus vacaciones porque están muy tostadas. 3. Es probable que esos turistas (ir)____________________a la playa en sus vacaciones porque están muy tostadas. 4. El médico se alegra que por fin yo (dejar)_________________ de fumar cigarrillos. 4. El médico se alegra que por fin yo (dejar)_________________ de fumar cigarrillos. 5. Ellas esperan que nosotros no (volver)_______________antes de la tormenta. 5. Ellas esperan que nosotros no (volver)_______________antes de la tormenta.

28 Pluperfect Subjunctive 1. No estaba segura de que el dictator _________________(decir) la verdad sobre los derechos humanos en su país. 1. No estaba segura de que el dictator _________________(decir) la verdad sobre los derechos humanos en su país. 2. Me extrañó que tú ________________(pedir) carne porque eres vegetariana. 2. Me extrañó que tú ________________(pedir) carne porque eres vegetariana. 3. Era increíble que los cocineros no _________________(cubrir) la carne en el picnic. Hay tantas moscas. 3. Era increíble que los cocineros no _________________(cubrir) la carne en el picnic. Hay tantas moscas. 4. ¿No te molestó que tu jefe ______________(leer) tu correo electrónico? 4. ¿No te molestó que tu jefe ______________(leer) tu correo electrónico? 5. Dudaba que nuestra profesora ________________ (comprar) un MacBook Pro. 5. Dudaba que nuestra profesora ________________ (comprar) un MacBook Pro.

29 Textbook exercises Spanish 3: p exercises 1-3, p exercises 1-8, PRE AP ONLY p exercises 5-8. Spanish 3: p exercises 1-3, p exercises 1-8, PRE AP ONLY p exercises 5-8. Spanish 4: p. 360 (10.8, 10.9), p371 (10.26, 10.27), p. 417 (11.29, 11.30), p. 435 (12.7) Spanish 4: p. 360 (10.8, 10.9), p371 (10.26, 10.27), p. 417 (11.29, 11.30), p. 435 (12.7)


Descargar ppt "Perfect tenses Spanish 3, Buen Viaje p223-225, p255- 258, PRE AP ONLY p309-310. Spanish 3, Buen Viaje p223-225, p255- 258, PRE AP ONLY p309-310. Spanish."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google