La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Imperfect Subjunctive Tense Expressing Emotions and Opinions about Past Events Spanish 3, Chapter 4, page 201-203 Spanish 3, Chapter 4, page 201-203 Spanish.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Imperfect Subjunctive Tense Expressing Emotions and Opinions about Past Events Spanish 3, Chapter 4, page 201-203 Spanish 3, Chapter 4, page 201-203 Spanish."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Imperfect Subjunctive Tense Expressing Emotions and Opinions about Past Events Spanish 3, Chapter 4, page Spanish 3, Chapter 4, page Spanish 4: p Spanish 4: p

2 1. The same rules that govern the use of the present subjunctive govern the uses of the imperfect subjunctive. It is the tense of the verb in the main clause that determines whether the present or imperfect subjunctive must be used in the dependent clause. If the verb of the main clause is in the present or future tense, the present subjunctive is used in the dependent clause. 1. The same rules that govern the use of the present subjunctive govern the uses of the imperfect subjunctive. It is the tense of the verb in the main clause that determines whether the present or imperfect subjunctive must be used in the dependent clause. If the verb of the main clause is in the present or future tense, the present subjunctive is used in the dependent clause. Present or Future Present Subjunctive (PFPS) Present or Future Present Subjunctive (PFPS)

3 Examples Ex: Main clause in the present tense. Ex: Main clause in the present tense. Quiero que ellos me lo digan. (present subjunctive) Ex: Main clause in the future tense. Ex: Main clause in the future tense. Será necesario que nosotros lo sepamos para mañana. (present subjunctive)

4 2. When the verb of the main clause is in the preterite, imperfect or conditional, the imperfect subjunctive must be used in the dependent clause. 2. When the verb of the main clause is in the preterite, imperfect or conditional, the imperfect subjunctive must be used in the dependent clause. Preterite, Imperfect, Conditional Imperfect Subjunctive (PICIS) Preterite, Imperfect, Conditional Imperfect Subjunctive (PICIS)

5 Examples Ex. Main clause in the preterite tense. Ex. Main clause in the preterite tense. Yo insistí en que ellos estuvieran allí. (imperfect subjunctive) Ex. Main clause in the imperfect tense. Ex. Main clause in the imperfect tense. Quería que ellas me lo dijeran. (imperfect subjunctive) Ex. Main clause in the conditional tense. Ex. Main clause in the conditional tense. Sería necesario que nosotros lo supiéramos. (imperfect subjunctive)

6 Steps to conjugating the Imperfect Subjunctive: 1. The imperfect subjunctive of all verbs is formed by dropping the –on ending on the third person plural, ellos(as) form, of the preterite tense of the verb. All regular, irregular and stem-changing forms will also be seen in the imperfect subjunctive as they occur in the 3rd person plural form of the preterite. 1. The imperfect subjunctive of all verbs is formed by dropping the –on ending on the third person plural, ellos(as) form, of the preterite tense of the verb. All regular, irregular and stem-changing forms will also be seen in the imperfect subjunctive as they occur in the 3rd person plural form of the preterite. Ex. Hablar---on Ex. Hablar---on Comier---on Comier---on Pidier---on Pidier---on Tuvier---on Tuvier---on Dijer---on Dijer---on

7 2. To this stem, you add the following endings for all verbs (-ar, -er, -ir): 2. To this stem, you add the following endings for all verbs (-ar, -er, -ir): -a-amos -a-amos -as -as -a-an -a-an *Nosotros will have an accent on the vowel before the letter r. Ex: hablarahabláramos Ex: hablarahabláramos hablaras hablaras hablarahablaran hablarahablaran

8 More examples ComerPedir ComerPedir comieracomiéramospidiera pidiéramos Comieraspidieras comieracomieranpidierapidieran TenerDecir TenerDecir tuvieratuviéramosdijeradijéramos tuvierasdijeras tuvieratuvierandijeradijeran

9 3. The imperfect subjunctive can take the following endings instead of those you saw above. You follow the same steps of starting in the ellos form of the preterite but you take off –ron. The meaning is exactly the same and the endings are used for all verbs (-ar, -er, -ir). 3. The imperfect subjunctive can take the following endings instead of those you saw above. You follow the same steps of starting in the ellos form of the preterite but you take off –ron. The meaning is exactly the same and the endings are used for all verbs (-ar, -er, -ir). Endings: Endings: -se-semos -ses -se-sen Ex: Beber- bebieron- bebie Ex: Beber- bebieron- bebie bebiesebebiésemos bebieses bebiesebebiesen

10 Past Subjunctive Practice: Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb in parenthesis in the Imperfect Sub. Then, translate the sentences to English. Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb in parenthesis in the Imperfect Sub. Then, translate the sentences to English. 1. Mi mamá quería que yo _________ mucho a casa. (llamar) 2. Los padres querían que sus hijos _________ mucho. (estudiar) 3. Sr. Tomas insistió en que nosotros ________ a tiempo a clase. (llegar) 4. La maestra quiso que los estudiantes ________ una historia. (escribir) 5. El doctor insistía en que ella _________ su medicina. (tomar) 6. Su madre insistía que él _______ la cama y _______ su cuarto. (hacer, limpiar)

11 7. Yo quería que tú ________ la puerta. (cerrar) 8. Él quiso que su novia ________ la cuenta. (pedir) 9. Yo quería que Uds._________ su tarea en la canasta de entregas. (poner) 10. Insistimos que nuestra amigo ______ la verdad. (saber) 11. Quiso que tú le _______ el libro. (dar) 12).Querían que nosotros ____________ con ellos al cine. (salir)

12 Past Subjunctive Practice 2: Fill in the blanks correctly with the verbs in parenthesis, either in the indicative or the subjunctive depending. Stay in the past tense. Then, translate the sentences to English. Fill in the blanks correctly with the verbs in parenthesis, either in the indicative or the subjunctive depending. Stay in the past tense. Then, translate the sentences to English. 1. Yo _________ que no _______ tarea.(esperar, tener) 2. Juan ______ que nosotros_________ a la playa con él. (preferir, ir) 3. Los abuelos __________ que sus nietos ________ en su casa. (desear, comer) 4. Los maestros ________ que los alumnos ________ mucho. (mandar, estudiar) 5. Sara _______ que su novio no _______ con ella en Prom. (tener miedo de, bailar) 6. Mis padres ___________ que yo ________ buenas notas. (esperar, sacar)

13 7. Era importante que los niños _________ mucha leche. (beber) 8. Era mejor que nosotros no _________ el día antes de un examen. (salir) 9. ¡Era improbable que nosotros__________ un día libre! (tener) 10. Era necesario que mi hermana _________ mucho en la escuela. (trabajar) 11. Era bueno que tú _________ durante el fin de semana. (relajar) 12. Era probable que ________ sol y calor durante el verano. (hacer)

14 Past Subjunctive Practice 3 Fill in with the subjunctive. Translate into English. Fill in with the subjunctive. Translate into English. 1) Estaba triste que Luís no _____. (venir) 2) Me sorprendía que él ___ enfermo. (estar) 3) Sentía que él _____ en el hospital.(estar) 4) Estaba contento que su condición se _________. (mejorar) 5) Era una lástima que él _____ que guardar cama. (tener) 6) Mi primo me aconsejó que _____ a la fiesta. (ir)

15 Trabajo/ tarea Spanish 3: Textbook pages page , exercises 1-7 Spanish 3: Textbook pages page , exercises 1-7 Spanish 4: p , exercises 11.8, 11.9, 11.11, Spanish 4: p , exercises 11.8, 11.9, 11.11, 11.12


Descargar ppt "Imperfect Subjunctive Tense Expressing Emotions and Opinions about Past Events Spanish 3, Chapter 4, page 201-203 Spanish 3, Chapter 4, page 201-203 Spanish."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google