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Verb Notebook Advanced Spanish. Set up - Name On the inside of the front cover in the upper left hand corner write your name, class, and hour like this:

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Presentación del tema: "Verb Notebook Advanced Spanish. Set up - Name On the inside of the front cover in the upper left hand corner write your name, class, and hour like this:"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Verb Notebook Advanced Spanish

2 Set up - Name On the inside of the front cover in the upper left hand corner write your name, class, and hour like this: – Mendy Guadalupe Colbert – Advanced Spanish – B1

3 Section 1 – Verb list * the verbs are not in alphabetical order. We will add to this list as needed. – Write the Spanish verbs in a column on the left side of the page. – Number the verbs in the left hand margin. – Look up the meaning of the verbs and write them in a column on the right. – Turn the page to start section 2.

4 Verb List 1.HablarTo speak, to talk 2.ComerTo eat 3. VivirTo live Continue with the rest of the verbs

5 Section 2 – Index of Tenses In this section we will describe how to form each tense and what it is used for. We will add to this section as we go. – Title the page Index of Tenses – Write Present Tense On the first line and number it 1 with a circle around it. – Turn a several pages to make room for the tenses, and then start Section 3.

6 Index of Tenses 1.Present tense

7 Section 3 – Conjugated verbs – In the upper right hand corner of the page write 1- these numbers should correspond with the numbers on the verb list. – On the top line on the left write the Spanish infinitive. On the right side, write the English meaning. – On the first line in the left hand margin write the number 1 with a circle around it. – This number will correspond with the index of tenses. Turn to the next page and repeat the steps for verb 2 and so on.

8 1 1. To talk, to speak Hablar

9 Verbs 1.Hablar 2.Comer 3.Vivir 4.Ser 5.Estar 6.Ir 7.Dar 8.Ver 9.leer 10.Pagar 11.tocar 12.Aprender 13.Tener 14.Querer 15.comenzar 16.dormir 17.poder 18.poner 19.Salir 20.hacer 21.traer 22.Venir 23.Saber 24.conocer 25.lavarse 26.acostarse 27.divertirse 28.andar 29.decir 30.pedir 31.seguir 32.oír

10 Present tense verbs Explanation and conjugations

11 Present tense Notes 1.Present tense A verb is a word that expresses an action, an occurrence, or a state of being. All Spanish verbs belong to one of three categories, according to the infinitive, -ar, -er, or –ir verbs. How to form regular verbs: 1: drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) 2: add the appropriate present tense endings to match the subject. -ar verb endings-er endings-ir endings o as a amos an áis oo es ee emosimos éisís en

12 Continuation of notes When to use it The present tense forms of Spanish verbs express both the English present tense (I walk) and the English present progressive (I am walking). Spanish Present tense forms also include the auxiliary verb do/does that English uses in questions and negative sentences. Do/does are not expressed in Spanish before another verb

13 Continuation of notes Indicates: A) an action or state of being at the present time. Examples: 1. Hablo español I speak Spanish, I am speaking Spanish, I do speak Spanish 2. Creo en Dios I believe in God

14 Continuation of notes B) Habitual action Example: Voy a la biblioteca todos los días I go to the library every day I do go to the library every day. C). A general truth, something which is permanently true Examples : 1) Seis menos dos son cuatro. Six minus two are four 2) El ejercicio hace maestro al novicio. Practice makes perfect.

15 Continuation of notes D) Vividness when talking about past events. Example: El asesino se pone pálido. Tiene miedo. Sale de la casa y corre a lo largo del río. The murderer turns pale. He is afraid. He goes out of the house and runs along the river. e) A near future. Examples: 1. Mi hermano llega mañana. My brother arrives tomorrow. 2. ¿Escuchamos un disco ahora? Shall we listen to a record now?

16 Continuation of notes Types of irregular verbs – -oy verbs (aka bizzaro verbs)- These verbs are irregular in the yo form (and possibly other forms). The yo form ends in oy Examples: ser, ir, dar, estar (best to just memorize these verbs and their forms) – Stem changers (aka shoe verbs) – These verbs have a change in the stem (whats left after removing the –ar, -er, or –ir) There are 4 types: – e-ie (tener, querer, comenzar, etc.) – e-I (decir, pedir,seguir etc.) – o-ue (dormir, poder, etc.) – u-ue (jugar) Steps to form them: 1: Chopsuey 2: Switch-a-roonie 3: schmoosh

17 Continuation of notes – -go verbs (aka sneaky G verbs) – These verbs are irregular in the yo form (and possibly other forms). The yo form ends in go Examples: poner, salir, hacer, traer, venir, decir, oír, seguir Another type of verbs – Reflexives – A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same. In other words, when the subject does something to himself. – When a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in "se."

18 Continuation of notes To learn to conjugate reflexive verbs, you need a different set of pronouns called "reflexive pronouns." These pronouns are positioned before the verb, while the ending "se" is dropped and the verb is conjugated normally. The reflexive pronouns are not subject pronouns; rather they are object pronouns. The purpose of the reflexive object pronouns is to show that the action of the verb remains with the subject.

19 Continuation of notes me (myself) te (yourself) se (himself, herself, yourself) nos (ourselves) os (yourselves) se (themselves, yourselves) To conjugate a reflexive verb: 1.Remove the se 2.Rearrange – move the se to the front of the verb 3.Make a change – change the se to match the subject 4.Chopsuey – remove the –ar,-er, or –ir 5.Switch-a-roonie – make a stem change if necessary 6.Schmoosh – add the correct ending to match the subject Lav se mearo(yo)(tú)ac o st ar se te ue as

20 Continuation of notes When two verbs are used together, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb is left in the infinitive form. (big brother-little brother verbs) – Example: I want to eat.Quiero comer. When the 2 nd verb is reflexive, change the se to match the subject, but leave it at the end of the verb. – Example: I need to go to bedNecesito acostarme

21 Present Tense Conjugations

22 1 1. To talk, to speak Hablar Hablo Hablas Habla Hablamos Hablan Habláis

23 2 1. To eatcomer Como comes come comemos coméis comen

24 3 1. To livevivir vivo vives vive vivimos vivís viven

25 4 1. To beser soy eres es somos son sois

26 5 1. To beEstar Estoy Estás EstáEstán Estamos Estáis

27 6 1. To goir voy vas va vamos vais van

28 7 1. To give, to throw(a party) dar doy das da damos dan dais

29 8 1. To seever veo ves ve vemos ven véis

30 9 1. To readleer leo lees lee leemos leéis leen

31 10 1. To paypagar pago pagas paga pagamos pagan pagáis

32 11 1. To touch, to play (an instrument) tocar toco tocas toca tocamos tocan tocáis

33 12 1. To learnaprender aprendo aprendes aprende aprendemos aprenden aprendéis

34 13 1. To havetener tengo tienes tienetienen tenemos tenéis

35 14 1. To want, to wish, To love querer quiero quieres quiere quieren queremos queréis

36 15 1. To begincomenzar comienzo comienzas comienzacomienzan comenzamos comenzáis

37 16 1. To sleepdormir duermo duermes duermeduermen dormimos dormís

38 17 1. To be able to, can poder podemos Podéis puedo puedes puedepueden

39 18 1. To put, to placeponer pongo pones pone ponemos ponéis ponen

40 19 1. To leave, to go out salir salgo sales sale salimos salís salen

41 20 1. To do, to makehacer hago haces hace hacemos hacéis hacen

42 21 1. To bringtraer traigo traes trae traemos traéis traen

43 22 1. To comeVenir Vengo Vienes viene Venimos Venís vienen

44 23 1. To knowsaber sé sabes sabe sabemos sabéis saben

45 24 1. To know, to be familiar with conocer conozco conoces conoce conocemos conocéis conocen

46 25 1. To wash ones self Lavarse Me lavo Te lavas Se lava Nos lavamos Os laváis Se lavan

47 26 1. To go to bedacostarse Me acuesto Te acuestas Se acuesta Nos acostamos Os acostáis Se acuestan

48 27 1. To enjoy ones self, To have a good time divertirse me divierto te diviertes se divierte nos divertimos os divertís se divierten

49 28 1. To walk andan ando andas anda andamos andar andáis

50 29 1. To say, to telldecir digo dices dice decimos decís dicen

51 30 1. To ask for, to request pedir pido pides pide pedimos pedís piden

52 31 1. To follow, to continue seguir sigo sigues sigue seguimos seguís siguen

53 31 1. To hearoír oigo oyes oye oímos oís oyen

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