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The Present Subjunctive Page 132 – Chapter 3 Realidades 3.

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Presentación del tema: "The Present Subjunctive Page 132 – Chapter 3 Realidades 3."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 The Present Subjunctive Page 132 – Chapter 3 Realidades 3

3 The Subjunctive l Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.

4 The Subjunctive l Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

5 The Subjunctive l Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.

6 The Subjunctive l We use it to say what one person does or doesnt want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.

7 The Subjunctive l A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. l For example:

8 The Subjunctive l Quiero que tú respires lentamente. l I want you to breathe slowly.

9 The Subjunctive l Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr. l I suggest that you drink water before running.

10 The Subjunctive l El entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos. l The trainer demands that the athletes stretch their muscles.

11 The Subjunctive l You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.

12 The Subjunctive l Es necesario que hagas ejercicio. l Its necessary that you do exercise. l Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien. l Its important that the young people eat well.

13 The Subjunctive l Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:

14 2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word que Dependent clause (cant stand on its own) Begins with the word que. Indicative Verb Subjunctive Verb

15 The Subjunctive l The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).

16 The Subjunctive l Verbs that are often follewed by que + subjunctive: l Decir l Insistir en l Necesitar l Permitir l Preferir (e > ie) l Prohibir l Querer (e > ie) l Recomendar (e > ie) l Sugerir (e > ie)

17 The Subjunctive l We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.

18 The Subjunctive l We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.

19 The Subjunctive l For -ar verbs: l e, es, e, emos, éis, en l For -er/-ir verbs: l a, as, a, amos, áis, an

20 SALTAR – to jump salte saltes salte saltemos saltéis salten

21 CONOCER – to know conozca conozcas conozca conozcamos conozcáis conozcan

22 DECIR – to say/tell diga digas diga digamos digáis digan

23 The Subjunctive l The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.

24 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs l As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add ag to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a g in the present subjunctive.

25 PRACTICAR… limpiar-t ú - limpies arreglar-vosotros-arregl é is barrer-nosotros- barramos sacudir- ellos-sacud á is ensuciar-Ud.-ensucie reconocer-vosotros- reconozc á is producir-yo-produzca escoger-nosotros- escojamos convencer-t ú -convenzas distribuir- ellos

26 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs l caerse l decir l hacer l poner l salir l tener l traer

27 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs hacer hag-ohaga tener teng-otenga

28 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs l Also verbs ending in –car, -gar, and –zar have a spell change in order to maintain the original sound.

29 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs buscar buscobusque pagarpagopague cruzarcruzocruce

30 encontrar encuentreencontremos encuentresencontréis encuentreencuentren entender entienda entendamos entiendasentendáis entiendaentiendan -ar and -er verbs that have stem changes in the BOOT in the Present tense have the same changes in the Subjuntive Mood.

31 -ir verbs that change e-i, e-ie in the BOOT in the present tense have the same changes in the boot but also change to i in nosotros and vosotros. divertirse me divierta nos divirtamos te diviertasos divirtáis se diviertase diviertan

32 -ir verbs that change e-i in the BOOT in the present tense have the Same changes in the boot but also change to i in nosotros and vosotros servir sirvasirvamos sirvassirv á is sirvasirvan

33 -ir verbs that change from o-ue in the boot in the present tense Have the same changes in the boot in the subjunctive. The nosotros And vosotros forms change to u Dormir Duermadurmamos Duermasdurm á is Duermaduerman

34 LOS IRREGULARES Dar Ir Ser Haber Estar Saber (see p. 5 workbook)

35 Un Juego de Pr á ctica---Loter í a Escriban estos verbos (al azar--randomly) en su tabla de la LOTERIA 1.planchar9. dar 17. construir 2.barrer10. ir 18. valer 3.mudarse11. saber 19. conseguir 4.hacer12. haber 20. entender 5.alquilar13. estar 21. ofrecer 6.poner14. ser 22. aparecer 7.sacudir15. pagar 23. venir 8.sacar16. comenzar 24. dormir

36 1.planchar9. dar 17. construir 2.barrer10. ir 18. valer 3.mudarse11. saber 19. conseguir 4.hacer12. haber 20. entender 5.alquilar13. estar 21. ofrecer 6.poner14. ser 22. aparecer 7.sacudir15. pagar 23. venir 8.sacar16. comenzar 24. dormir


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