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Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–1 The infinitive (el infinitivo) is commonly used after other conjugated verbs, especially when there is no change of subject. Deber, decidir, desear, necesitar, pensar, poder, preferir, querer, and saber are all frequently followed by infinitives. Después de tres décadas de guerra, el rey decidió rendirse. Preferimos no viajar a esa región durante este período de inestabilidad. After three decades of war, the king decided to surrender. We prefer not to travel to that region during this period of instability.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–2 When the person or thing performing an action changes, the second verb is usually conjugated as part of a subordinate clause. Verbs of perception, however, such as escuchar, mirar, oír, sentir, and ver, are followed by the infinitive. Te oigo hablar, ¡pero no entiendo nada! Si la ven salir, avísenme enseguida, por favor. I hear you speak, but I dont understand anything! If you see her leave, please let me know immediately!
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–3 An infinitive is the unconjugated form of a verb and ends in –ar, –er, or –ir.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–4 The gerund form may also be used after verbs of perception. Te escuché hablando con él. I heard you talking to him.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–5 Many verbs of influence, such as dejar, hacer, mandar, pedir, permitir, and prohibir, may also be followed by the infinitive. Often, an indirect object pronoun is used to show who is affected by the action. La profesora nos hizo leer artículos sobre la conquista. El comité me ha dejado continuar con las investigaciones. The teacher made us read articles about the conquest. The committee has allowed me to continue with my research.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–6 The infinitive may be used with impersonal expressions, such as es importante, es fácil, and es bueno. It is required after hay que and tener que. Es importante celebrar nuestra herencia cultural. Hay que hacer todo lo posible para lograr una solución pacífica. Its important to celebrate our cultural heritage. Everything possible must be done to find a peaceful solution.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–7 After prepositions, the infinitive is used. Se cree que las estatuas fueron construidas para proteger al templo. El arqueólogo las miró con cuidado, sin decir nada. It is believed that the statues were built in order to protect the temple. The archeologist looked at them carefully, without saying a word.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–8 Many Spanish verbs follow the pattern of [conjugated verb] + [preposition] + [infinitive]. The prepositions for this pattern are de, a, or en.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–9 Acabo de hablar con el profesor López. Su computadora tarda en encenderse. I have just spoken with Professor López. His computer takes a while to start up. Trato de estudiar todos los días. Quedamos en hacerlo. I try to study every day.We agreed to do it.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–10 While deber + [infinitive] suggests obligation, deber + de + [infinitive] suggests probability. El pueblo debe de saber la verdad.El pueblo debe saber la verdad. Surely, the people must know the truth.The people need to know the truth.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 12.1–11 In Spanish, unlike in English, the gerund form of a verb (talking, working, etc.) may not be used as a noun or in giving instructions. The infinitive form is used instead. Ver es creer.No fumar.El arte de mirar. Seeing is believing.No smoking.The art of seeing.
IMAGINA LECCIóN 8.3. ¿Qué es el infinitivo? An infinitive is the unconjugated form of a verb and ends in –ar, –er, or –ir. ¡ATENCIÓN!
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved You will now learn how to use the subjunctive with verbs and expressions of will and.
8.3 Uses of the infinitive © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc — Yo quisiera ver a Mabel y a Pablito, ¿se puede hacer eso? — No se preocupe,
El Presente Progresivo. Remember how you learned that to say I am talking you would write the same thing as I talk or I do talk in Spanish? Yo hablo.
Grammar Point: Direct Object Pronouns SingularPlural me nos us te you (informal) lo it, him, you (masc. formal) los them, you all (masc.) la it, her, you.
Remember present tense –AR verbs… Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved
Making complete sentences How to make complete sentences in Spanish. The following presentation is designed to help you learn how to do the following:
The Present Tense of tener (to have) (El tiempo presente del verbo tener)
To be, or not to be? Lets start out with one of the most important verbs in Spanish: ser, which means to be.
Avancemos 2 – Unidad 1 Lección 1 Indirect Object Pronouns.
Future Tense Regular & Irregular Verbs. The basics … Unsurprisingly, we use the future tense to talk about actions that will happen in the future. We.
Gustos y Disgustos Aversiones. Practica: Translate the following verbs (activities) into Spanish 1. To listen to music 2. To rest 3. To read a book 4.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In Lección 2, you learned how to express preferences with gustar. You will now learn.
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS Double Object Pronouns b Double Object Pronouns occur when an indirect object pronoun and a direct object pronoun are used in.
VERBS… A verb is an action. A verb that has not been changed is called – An infinitive verb. Verbs in Spanish do not change as much as verbs in English.
Direct Object Pronouns. The direct object in a sentence receives that action of the verb. They answer Whom? or What? about the verb. Nouns used as direct.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Negative words deny the existence of people and things or contradict statements, for.
Verbs in the present tense (Los verbos en el tiempo presente) First conjugation: -ar.
SRTA. FORGUE EL 14 DE ENERO DE 2011 La clase de español II.
The Subjunctive In this slide show, we are going to look at a verb form that has all but disappeared from English – the subjunctive!
6.1 The subjunctive in adverbial clauses © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc In Spanish, adverbial clauses are commonly introduced by conjunctions.
Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns.
El Verbo GUSTAR En español gustar means to be pleasing In English, the equivalent is to like.
I. U4L1 Direct Object Pronouns Me= meNos= us Te= youOS= you plural Lo, La= it, him, herLos, Las= them.
El pretérito The preterite tense is used to talk about actions that occurred in the past. –These events occurred and ended at specific times –These events.
Español II Srta. Forgue El 11 de abril de La clase de hoy El 11 de abril Ahora mismo: Mirar el tutorial de 7.1 Repaso: Corregir INTÉNTALO en la.
Para Empezar Change the underline palabra to español, write toda la sentence 1.Our casa es muy grande. 1.Your alls clase de español es la mejor. 2.Your.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Conjunctions are words or phrases that connect other words and clauses in sentences.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Both Spanish and English use the present progressive, which consists of the present tense.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In the previous lesson, you learned how to use the subjunctive with expressions of will.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Just as the subjunctive is required with expressions of emotion, influence, and will,
Relative Pronouns Spanish Three Honors C.12. Definition: A Pronoun is a word that that the place of a noun. A Relative pronoun is an word or expression.
P In this slide show, we are going to look at a verb form that has all but disappeared from English – the subjunctive! In this slide show, we.
Direct Objects & Direct Object Pronouns An English and Spanish Lesson.
2.1 Present tense of –ar verbs ANTE TODO In order to talk about activities, you need to use verbs. Verbs express actions or states of being. In English.
Indirect Objects and Indirect object pronouns. What is an Indirect object? The indirect object answers the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In Lecciones 6–9, you learned the preterite tense. You will now learn the imperfect,
El 27 de noviembre de Tienes 5 minutos para escribir 5 líneas por lo menos en un papel sobre tus vacaciones del día de gracias.
Using Infinitives Spanish 1 Chapter 7.1. Bellwork Conjuguen los verbos. Conjuguen los verbos. 1. Ana/despertarse temprano 1. Ana/despertarse temprano.
#1 You need to improve the way you write and think in Spanish! Gustarse This is an interactive presentation. You need your hand-outs, your pencil, and.
Describing an action in progress- Whats happening right now.
Verbs and Expressions that Use the Infinitive Verbs that Use the Infinitive When you use two verbs together in Spanish, the second one is usually the.
Calentamiento: ¿Adónde vas en la universidad para….? (Where do you go in the university to…?) Comprar un libro… Estudiar sobre Picasso Hacer ejercicio.
P. 330 Realidades 1 Pensar, Querer, and Preferir.
Los Infinitivos ¿Qué es un infinitivo?. Ejemplos de infinitivos del vocabulario usar, bailar, trabajar, jugar, practicar, cantar, correr, hablar, nadar,
Direct Object Pronouns p The direct object (DO) is the person or thing in the sentence which directly receives the action.
4.1 Present tense of ir ANTE TODO The verb ir (to go) is irregular in the present tense. Except for the yo form (voy), the endings are the same as those.
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