La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

UNIDAD I PRESENTE PERFECTO MATERIAL DE ESTUDIO Y REVISIÓN Prof. Jendry E. Barrios O. LAR-2014-I INGLÉS II GM-0311 / II-0431.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "UNIDAD I PRESENTE PERFECTO MATERIAL DE ESTUDIO Y REVISIÓN Prof. Jendry E. Barrios O. LAR-2014-I INGLÉS II GM-0311 / II-0431."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 UNIDAD I PRESENTE PERFECTO MATERIAL DE ESTUDIO Y REVISIÓN Prof. Jendry E. Barrios O. LAR-2014-I INGLÉS II GM-0311 / II-0431

2 SujetoHave / Has Participio Pasado Complemento Suj. Have / Has Participio Pasado Comp. I have worked here before You He has She It We have They CONTRACCIONES Haveve Hass

3 Experiencias (Ej: He estado en Francia, hemos visitado la Torre Eiffel tres veces, creo que he visto esa película) Cambios a través del tiempo (Ej: Has crecido mucho desde la ultima vez que te vi, mi inglés ha mejorado mucho desde que me mudé a Autralia) Logros (Ej: El hombre ha caminado en la luna, mi hijo ha aprendido a leer, los científicos han divido el átomo) Acciones incompletas que están a nuestra expectativa (Ej: Juan no ha terminado su tarea todavía, hasta ahora he tenido cuatro exámenes y dos exposiciones este corte) Múltiples acciones en diferentes momentos del pasado (Ej: Los militares han atacado la ciudad cinco veces, ha consultado a varios especialistas pero nadie sabe aún por qué esta enferma)

4 I have been to France and Italy. She has visited London three times. Experiencias You have grown a lot since the last time I saw you. The government has become more interested in arts education. Cambios a través del tiempo My son has learned to read. Scientists have split the atom. Logros Bill has still not arrived. James has not finished his homework yet. Acciones incompletas a nuestra expectativa The army has attacked that city five times. I have had four quizzes and five tests so far this semester. Múltiples acciones en diferentes momentos del pasado

5 Sujeto Have / Has + Not Participio Pasado Complemento Suj. Have / Has Not Part. Pdo. Comp. I have notworked here before You He has She It We have They CONTRACCIONES Have + Not Havent Has + NotHasnt

6 I have not been here before. I havent been here before. I have been here before. He has not traveled a lot. He hasnt traveled a lot. He has traveled a lot. They have not seen that movie. They havent seen that movie. They have seen that movie.

7 Have / HasSujeto Participio Pasado Complemento Have Has Suj. Part. Pdo. Comp. Have I been here before? you Has he she it Have we they

8 She has been to Miami 3 times. Has she been to Miami 3 times?Yes, she has. / No, she hasnt. You have finished your homework. Have you finished your homework?Yes, I have. / No, I havent. They have lived here for 5 years. Have they lived here for 5 years?Yes, they have. / No, they havent. It has rained a lot this week. Has it rained a lot this week?Yes, it has. / No, it hasnt.

9 Palabra interrogativa Have / HasSujeto Participio Pasado Complemento Palabra Interr. Have / Has Suj. Part. Pdo. Comp. Where have I bee n in Europe? you has he she it have we they PALABRAS INTERROGATIVAS WhatWhich WhenWho WhereHow WhyHow long

10 Rita has lived in Texas for 5 years. How long has Rita lived in Texas? Peter is sleeping in his bedroom. Where is Peter sleeping? They are going to Merida tomorrow. When are they going to Merida? John is taking a nap. Who is taking a nap?

11 Oraciones afirmativas ALREADY I have already finished my homework. I have finished my homework already. Oraciones negativas e interrogativas YET I havent yet finished my homework. I havent finished my homework yet. Oraciones de todo tipo BEFORE I have been here before. I havent been here before. Have you been here before ? Oraciones interrogativas EVER Have you ever seen a ghost? Has she ever been to Mexico? ALREADY puede colocarse entre HAVE/HAS y el participio pasado, o al final de la oración. YET puede colocarse entre HAVE/HAS y el participio pasado, o al final de la oración. BEFORE sólo puede colocarse al final de la oración. EVER sólo puede colocarse entre el sujeto y el participio pasado.

12 Unidad I completa (Descargar del Blog)Descargar del BlogPresente Perfecto I. (Aquí)AquíPresente Perfecto II. (Aquí)AquíPresente Perfecto III. (Aquí)AquíPresente Perfecto IV. (Aquí)AquíPresente Perfecto / Pasado Simple I. (Aquí)AquíPresente Perfecto / Pasado Simple II. (Aquí)AquíPresente Perfecto / Pasado Simple III. (Aquí)Aquí OJO: Mantén presionada la tecla CTRL y haz click en el enlace para dirigirte a la página web correspondiente.

13 PASADO SIMPLE VERBO TO BE

14 ESTRUCTURA Sujeto Verbo TO BE en pasado Complemento SujetoTo Be Complement o Iwas sick yesterday Youwere Hewas Shewas Itwas Wewere Theywere OJO: El verbo TO BE en pasado lo debes traducir como era o estaba. Ejemplo: I was sick yesterday / Yo estaba enfermo ayer.

15 USO Estados pasados (Estaba cansado, eran niños)

16 EJEMPLOS John was sick yesterday. We were tired after the game. I was born in Ciudad Ojeda. The students were on strike for their rights. Carlos was busy this morning. It was hot and sunny last Saturday.

17 NEGACIÓN Sujeto Verbo TO BE en pasado + NOT Complemento SujetoTo BeNOTComplemento Iwas notsick yesterday Youwere Hewas Shewas Itwas Wewere Theywere CONTRACCIONES Was + NotWasnt Were + NotWerent

18 EJEMPLOS Amanda was in Maracaibo yesterday. Amanda was not in Maracaibo yesterday. Amanda wasnt in Maracaibo yesterday. They were busy. They were not busy. They werent busy. It was cloudy last Saturday. It was not cloudy last Saturday. It wasnt cloudy last Saturday.

19 INTERROGACIÓN CERRADA Verbo TO BE pasado SujetoComplemento To BeSujeto Complement o WasI sick yesterday? Wereyou Washe Wasshe Wasit Werewe Werethey

20 EJEMPLOS Amanda was in Maracaibo yesterday. Was Amanda in Maracaibo yesterday? Yes, she was. / No, she wasnt. They were busy. Were they busy? Yes, they were. / No, they werent. It was cloudy last Saturday. Was it cloudy last Saturday? Yes, it was. / No, it wasnt.

21 INTERROGACIÓN ABIERTA Palabra interrogativa Verbo TO BE en pasado SujetoComplemento Palabra Interrogativa To BeSujetoComplem. Where wasI yesterday? wereyou washe wasshe wasit werewe werethey PALABRAS INTERROGATIVAS WhatWhich WhenWho WhereHow Why

22 EJEMPLOS Rita is in Cabimas yesterday. Where was Rita yesterday? Peter was sad last Sunday. How was Peter last Sunday? He was born in When was he born? John was in the kitchen. Who was in the kitchen?

23 EJERCICIOS DE CONSOLIDACIÓN I Unidad II, Pág. 92, 93 y 65. (Descargar del Blog)Descargar del BlogCliquea la opción correcta. (Aquí)AquíEscribe was o were para completar las oraciones. (Aquí)AquíElige la forma correcta del verbo to be en pasado. (Aquí)AquíCliquea la forma correcta del verbo to be en pasado. (Aquí)AquíCompleta con was, was not, were o were not. (Aquí)AquíEscribe was o were para completar las oraciones. (Aquí)AquíCompleta con was o were y cliquea la opción correcta. (Aquí)AquíSigue las instrucciones. (Aquí)Aquí OJO: Mantén presionada la tecla CTRL y haz click en el enlace para dirigirte a la página web correspondiente.

24 PASADO SIMPLE Verbos Regulares e Irregulares

25 ESTRUCTURA Sujeto Verbo en pasado Complemento Sujeto Verbo Pasado Complemento I workedyesterday You He She It We They OJO: Los verbos regulares se caracterizan por formar su pasado añadiendo -ed/-d a la forma base. Ejemplo: Work – Worked.

26 USO Acciones y eventos pasados (terminados). Normalmente se requiere una expresión de tiempo que indique cuándo ocurrió la acción. Ejemplo: ayer, la semana pasada, el mes pasado, hace dos horas, esta mañana, hace dos meses, etc.

27 VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES Los verbos regulares se caracterizan por formar su pasado añadiendo -ed/-d a la forma base. Los verbos irregulares forman su pasado sin seguir ninguna regla. Hay que aprenderlos de memoria.

28 EJEMPLOS I played soccer yesterday. Jonathan saw a good movie last night. Miranda went to Miami last month. The students learned about the simple past a few minutes ago. Carlos studied for his biology test last week. Carmen came to the party last Saturday. I flew to Texas last weekend. He bought a digital camera yesterday. There was a huge strike downtown last week.

29 NEGACIÓN Sujeto DID + NOT (Didnt) Forma base del verbo Complemento Sujeto Did + Not Forma Base Complemento I did not (didnt ) workyesterday You He She It We They CONTRACCIONES Did + NotDidnt

30 EJEMPLOS Amanda went to Maracaibo yesterday. Amanda did not go to Maracaibo yesterday. Amanda didnt go to Maracaibo yesterday. They played soccer last week. They did not play soccer last week. They didnt play soccer last week. Jonathan saw a good movie last Saturday. Jonathan did not see a good movie last Saturday. Jonathan didnt see a good movie last Saturday.

31 INTERROGACIÓN CERRADA DidSujeto Forma base del verbo Complemento DidSujeto Forma Base Complement o Did I workyesterday? you he she it we they

32 EJEMPLOS Amanda went to Maracaibo yesterday. Did Amanda go to Maracaibo yesterday? Yes, she did. / No, she didnt. They played soccer last week. Did they play soccer last week? Yes, they did. / No, they didnt. Jonathan saw a good movie last Saturday. Did Jonathan see a good movie last Saturday? Yes, he did. / No, he didnt.

33 INTERROGACIÓN ABIERTA Palabra interrogativa DidSujeto Forma base del verbo Complemento Palabra Interrogativa DidSujeto Forma Base Complem. Wheredid I work yesterday ? you he she it we they PALABRAS INTERROGATIVAS WhatWhich WhenWho WhereHow Why

34 EJEMPLOS Rita went to Cabimas yesterday. Where did Rita go yesterday? Peter played soccer last Sunday. When did Peter play soccer? He came to Venezuela in When did he come to Venezuela? John grew up in Las Vegas. Who grew up in Las Vegas? * * Cuando se formula la pregunta con WHO acerca del sujeto, no se utiliza el auxiliar DID y el verbo se deja en pasado.

35 EJERCICIOS DE CONSOLIDACIÓN II Unidad II Completa. (Descargar del Blog)Descargar del BlogEscribe los verbos y las oraciones en pasado simple. (Aquí)AquíCompleta las oraciones con el pasado simple de los verbos en paréntesis. (Aquí)AquíEscribe el pasado de los verbos. (Aquí)AquíCambia las oraciones a la forma negativa. (Aquí)AquíCompleta con el pasado simple de los verbos. (Aquí)AquíMira el vídeo y completa las oraciones. (Aquí)AquíMira el vídeo y completa las oraciones. (Aquí)AquíMira el vídeo y completa las oraciones. (Aquí)AquíSigue las instrucciones. (Aquí)AquíSigue las instrucciones. (Aquí)Aquí OJO: Mantén presionada la tecla CTRL y haz click en el enlace para dirigirte a la página web correspondiente.


Descargar ppt "UNIDAD I PRESENTE PERFECTO MATERIAL DE ESTUDIO Y REVISIÓN Prof. Jendry E. Barrios O. LAR-2014-I INGLÉS II GM-0311 / II-0431."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google